Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute/Volume 25

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(Eighth of New Series)





Issued May, 1893.





On page 3, for Patchyornis read Pachyornis.



Art. I. On the Classification and Mutual Relations of the Dinornithidæ. By Professor T. Jeffery Parker, F.R.S. 1–3
II. On the Presence of a Crest of Feathers in certain Species of Moa. By Professor T. Jeffery Parker 3–6
III. On New Species of Moas. By Captain F. W. Hutton, F.R.S. 6–13
IV. On Anomalopteryx antiqua. By Captain F. W. Hutton 14–16
V. The Moas and the Moa-hunters. By Monsieur A. de Quatrefages. Translated from the French by Laura Buller: communicated by Sir Walter L. Buller, K.C.M.G., F.R.S. 17–49
VI. Notes on Mus maorium, Hutton, with Exhibition of Specimen. By Sir Walter L. Buller 49–50
VII. Note on the Bats of New Zealand. By Sir Walter L. Buller 50–52
VIII. Note on the Flightless Rail of the Chatham Islands (Cabalus modestus). By Sir Walter L. Buller 52–53
IX. Notes on New Zealand Birds. By Sir Walter Buller 53–63
X. Further Notes on the Birds of New Zealand. By Sir Walter Buller 63–88
XI. On the Fissures and Caves at the Castle Rocks, Southland: with a Description of the Remains of the Existing and Extinct Birds found in them. By A. Hamilton 88–106
XII. Notes on Birds. By R. I. Kingsley 107–108
XIII. On the Occurrence of the Luth, or Leathery Turtle, on the Coasts of New Zealand. By T. F. Cheeseman, F.L.S. 108–110
XIV. On a Specimen of Sunfish captured at Poverty Bay. By Archdeacon W. L. Williams 110–111
XV. Further Notes on New Zealand Earthworms, with Observations on the known Aquatic Species. By W. W. Smith 111–146
XVI. Contributions to the Molluscan Fauna of New Zealand. By H. Suter: communicated by Professor Hutton 147–153
XVII. Notes on New Zealand Insects. By H. Suter: communicated by Professor Hutton 153–155
XVIII. An Enumeration of the Janellidæ. By C. Hedley, F.L.S., Assistant in Zoology, Australian Museum: communicated by Professor Hutton 156–162
XIX. Synonymical Notes on New Zealand Cicadidæ. By G. V. Hudson, F.E.S. 162–163
XX. Note on an Ant-like Insect (Betyla fulva, Cameron) parasitic in the New Zealand Glow-worm. By G. V. Hudson 164
XXI. Descriptions of New Species of Araneæ. By A. T. Urquhart, Corr. Mem. Roy. Soc. of Tasmania 165–190
XXII. On Eels. By E. O'H. Canavan 191–193
XXIII. On a New Zealand Variety of Floscidaria coronetta, Cubitt. By Archdeacon Stock, B.A. 193
XXIV. Remarks on the Carabidæ of New Zealand. By Captain T. Broun: communicated by Professor Hutton 194–198
XXV. On some Mites parasitic on Beetles and Wood-lice. By W. M. Maskell 199–201
XXVI. Further Coccid Notes: with Descriptions of New Species from Australia, India, Sandwich Islands, Demerara, and South Pacific. By W. M. Maskell, Corr. Mem. Roy. Soc. of South Australia, Registrar of the University of New Zealand 201–252
XXVII. On the Geographical Distribution of Atax. By Dr. H. v. Jhering, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil: communicated by G. M. Thomson, F.L.S. 252–253
XXVIII. Note on some Sea-trout (Salmon or Salmon-trout?). By F. Sandager: communicated by G. M. Thomson 254
XXIX. Notes on a Land Planarian (sent by F. V. Knapp, Hampden State School, Nelson). By Sir James Hector, K.C.M.G., F.R.S. 255
XXX. Notes on the Southern Seals. By Sir James Hector 255–260
XXXI. On Heterostyled Trimorphic Flowers in New Zealand Fuchsias, with Notes on the Distinctive Characters of the Species. By T. Kirk, F.L.S. 261–268
XXXII. Description of a New Genus and of New Species of Native Plants, &c. By D. Petrie, M.A., F.L.S. 269–275
XXXIII. Notes on the New Zealand Species of the Genus Andreæa, together with Descriptions of some New Species. By R. Brown 276–285
XXXIV. Notes on a proposed New Genus of New Zealand Mosses, together with a Description of Three New Species. By Robert Brown 285–287
XXXV. Note on Splachnidium rugosum, Grev. By Robert M. Laing, B.Sc. 288–289
XXXVI. Description of New Species of Musci. By T. W. Naylor Beckett, F.L.S. 289–297
XXXVII. On some Little-known New Zealand Mosses. By T.W. Naylor Beckett 297–302
XXXVIII. On a New Insectivorous Plant in New Zealand. By Sir Walter L. Buller, K.C.M.G., F.R.S. 302–304
XXXIX. Botanical Notes from Takaka District. By R. I. Kingsley 304–305
XL. On a remarkable Variation in Lomaria lanccolata. By R. I. Kingsley 306
XLI. Bush Jottings: No. 2 (Botanical). By W. Colenso, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Lond.), &c. 307–319
XLII. Cryptogams: A Description of a few Lately-discovered Rare Indigenous Ferns; also, Notice of a Fine and Peculiar Fungus, Ileodictyon, Tulasne,—Clathrus, Cooke. By William Colenso 319–324
XLIII. Phænogams: A Description of some Newly-discovered Indigenous Plants; being a Further Contribution towards the making known the Botany of New Zealand. By William Colenso 324–338
XLIV. A List of Fungi recently detected and collected in the Bush District, County of Hawke's Bay; being a Further Contribution to the Indigenous Flora of New Zealand. By W. Colenso 338–340
XLV. Memorandum of a few New Species of Hepaticæ lately detected in the Seventy-mile Bush District, as determined by Dr. F. Stephani, of Berlin. By W. Colenso 341–342
XLVI. Artesian-water Prospects at Wanganui. By H. Hill, B.A., F.G.S. 343–347
XLVII. Artesian Wells, Wanganui, New Zealand. By H. Hill 348–350
XLVIII. Discovery of Artesian Water-supply, Ruataniwha Plain. By H. Hill 350–353
XLIX. On the Occurrence of Granite and Gneissic Bocks in the King-country. By James Park, F.G.S., Lecturer, Thames School of Mines 353–362
L. The Earthquake of the 4th December, 1891: Notes thereon. By George Hogben, M.A. 362–367
LI. On an Olivine-andesite of Banks Peninsula. By R. Speight, M.A., B.Sc. 367–375
LII. On a Diatom Deposit near Pakaraka, Bay of Islands, Auckland. By A. McKay, F.G.S. 375–377
LIII. On the Nature of Stinkstone (Anthraconite). By W. Skey 379–380
LIV. Further Results obtained in support of my Theory as to the Oxidation of Gold in presence of Air and Water. By W. Skey 381–384
LV. Causes of Fire on Shipboard and Elsewhere. By J. C. Firth 385–395
LVI. Maori Nomenclature. By T. H. Smith, formerly a Judge of the Native Land Court 395–412
LVII. The Extinction of the Moa. By Edward Tregear, F.R.G.S., &c. 413–426
LVIII. On a Maori Waiata. By R. C. Bruce, M.H.R. 426–428
LIX. Remarks on Dr. H. v. Jhering's Paper "On the Ancient Relations between New Zealand and South America." By Dr. Karl Mueller, of Halle, Germany 428–434
LX. The Effect of Deer on the New Zealand Bush: A Plea for the Protection of our Forest Reserves. By the Rev. P. Walsh 435–438
LXI. Unwritten Literature. By R. Coupland Harding 439–448
LXII. Observations on Rainbows. By R. Coupland Harding 448–449
LXIII. On Rainbows caused by Reflection in Still Water, and on Elliptically-generated Rainbows. By Major-General Schaw, C.B., R.E. 450–459
LXIV. Sanitation and Ventilation as required in a Modern House. By Edward Withy 459–478
LXV. The Effect of Current Electricity upon Plant-growth. By H. N. McLeod 479–482
LXVI. Notes on some Bone Combs for dressing the Head of a Maori Chief, found in Otago. By A. Hamilton 483–486
LXVII. Notes on some Old Flax Mats found in Otago. By A. Hamilton 486–488
LXVIII. On Two Bone Pendants found in the South Island of New Zealand. By A. Hamilton 489–491
LXIX. Notes on Maori Necklaces. By A. Hamilton 491–495
LXX. Discovery of Maori Implements at Takaka, Nelson. By R. I. Kingsley 494–495
LXXI. Observations on Mr. T. White's Paper "On the Native Dog of New Zealand," Transactions of the New Zealand Institute, Vol. xxiv., Art. 57. By W. Colenso, F.R.S., F.L.S. (Lond.), &c. 495–503
LXXII. On Remains of the Moa in the Forest. By Taylor White 504–505
LXXIII. After-images. By Miss K. Browning 506–509
LXXIV. Analogy between Light and Sound: Are they Convertible? By Miss Annette Wilson 510–514
LXXV. National Melodies. By Miss Morrison 514–515
LXXVI. Notes regarding Icebergs at the Chatham Islands. By A. Shand 516–517

Twenty-fourth Annual Report, 1891–92 521–522
Accounts for 1891–92 522


Notes on a Kapu, or Carved Funnel, and a Kaea, or Maori War-trumpet. By Sir W. Buller, K.C.M.G., F.R.S. 527–528
Notes on Exhibits 528
Notes on an Albino Sparrow. By Sir W. Buller 532
Remarks on Articles made of Taranaki Ironsand. By E. M. Smith, M.H.R. 532–533
On the Antiquity of the Moa. By Captain G. Mair 534–535
Note on the Occurrence of the Hedge-sparrow (Accentor modularis) in New Zealand. By Sir W. Buller 535
Note on a White Tern (Gygis alba) from the Kermadec Islands. By Sir W. Buller 535
Exhibit of Pottery and Nails found at Lyall's Bay. By J. Capper 537
On the Blue-necked Crested Shag (Phalacrocorax nycthemerus) from Antipodes Island. By Sir W. Buller 537
Remarks on Blights 539
On Acclimatised Salmon and Trout. By Sir J. Hector 539
Notes on Guano from the Islands. By Sir J. Hector 541
Notes on Supersulphate of Soda. By Sir J. Hector 542
Exhibit of Strelitzia in flower 542
Abstract of Annual Report 542
Election of Officers for 1893 543
On a Curious Property of Odd Numbers. By T. B. Harding communicated by R. C. Harding 544–545
Anniversary Address by the President, Professor F. D. Brown 546
Evolutionary Ethics. By the Rev. J. Bates 546, 548
The Aryans in their Primitive Home. By Professor C. A. Pond 547
Exhibition of a New Wave-machine. By Professor Brown 548
On some Peculiarities of the Maori Language. By F. D. Fenton 548
Exhibition of a Model Geyser, designed by Mr. C. Malfroy 549
An Army of Defenders: An Account of Metchnikoff 's Discoveries concerning the Power of Resistance against Disease. By Professor A. P. Thomas 549
New Species of Coleoptera. By Captain T. Broun 549
Abstract of Annual Report 550-551
Election of Officers for 1893 551
On Hail. By Professor A. W. Bickerton, F.C.S. 553
On the Equilibrium of Gaseous Cosmic Spheres. By Professor A. W. Bickerton 553
On some Causes for the Low Temperature of Dissociation. By Professor Bickerton 553
On Methods of determining the Rate of Increase of the Attraction of Molecules in Terms of their Diameter. By Professor Bickerton 553
On the Specific Heat of Solutions at Constant Volume. By Professor Bickerton 553
Notes on the Earthquakes of 1891–92. By G. Hogben, M.A. 554
Abstract of Annual Report 554
Election of Officers for 1893 554
A Page of Latter-day Literature. By Dr. Belcher 558
Additional Note on the Presence of a Crest of Feathers in some Kinds of Moa 559
On a Genus of Boragineæ new to New Zealand. By D. Pelin, M.A., F.L.S. 559
On the Volatilisation of Silver. By D. Wilkinson 559
On Recent Researches in Easter Island. By A. Hamilton 559–560
Further Notes on Greenstone. By F. Chapman 560
On the Early History of New Zealand. By Dr. T. M. Hocken 560
On Aluminium and its Uses. By D. Wilkinson 560
Abstract of Annual Report 560–561
Election of Officers for 1893 561
Address on Politics. By the President, C. W. Adams 561
Abstract of Annual Report and Balance-sheet 629
Election of Officers for 1893 629
On Microbes: Inaugural Address by the Vice-president, Dr. Moore 563
Science in Cricket. By Neil Heath 563
Numismatics. By Mr. Lund 563
Account of the Waitomo Caves. By T. Humphries 563
On Metre in Poetry. By Dr. Innes 563
On Submarine Telegraphy. By Mr. Cook 563
On Weight. By Dr. Lucas 564
On Coins. By Mr. Lund 564
On a Radiant Phenomenon. By the Rev. W. Colenso, F.R.S., F.L.S. 564
On the Power of Attraction on the Earth's Surface. By Mr. Lessong 564
On the Native Dog of New Zealand. By Taylor White 564
On the Maori Dog and the Dog Philological. By Taylor White 564
Was the Original Dog of the Aryans of a White Colour? By Taylor White 565
On Submarine Telegraph Cables. By Charles J. Cooke 565
Abstract of Annual Report 565
Election of President 566
Resolution regarding resignation of the late President, Bishop Suter 566
Exhibits described 566
List of presentations 567
Criticism on Mr. E. Tregear's Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. (Part I.) By A. S. Atkinson 567
On Islam. By the Rev. W. St. Clair Tisdall 567
Criticism on Mr. E. Tregear's Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. (Part II.) By A. S. Atkinson 567
Abstract of Annual Report 567
Election of Officers for 1893 567–568
Criticism on Mr. E. Tregear's Maori-Polynesian Comparative Dictionary. (Part III.) By A. S. Atkinson 568


Meteorological Statistics for 1892 571
Notes on the Weather for 1892 572
Earthquakes reported in New Zealand during 1892 573
Honorary Members of the New Zealand Institute 574
Ordinary Members of the New Zealand Institute 575–583
Institutions and Individuals to whom this Volume is presented 584–588
Alphabetical Index 589–592

Contents v.–x.
List of Plates xi.–xii.
Board of Governors of the New Zealand Institute xiii.
Abstract of Rules and Statutes of the New Zealand Institute xiii.–xv.
Roll of Incorporated Societies xvi.
Officers of Incorporated Societies, and Extracts from the Rules xvi.–xix.


Author TO FACE
I. Parker.—Mesopteryx 4
II. {{{1}}} Dinornis torosus
III. {{{1}}} Anomalopteryx didiformis
IV. Hutton.—Anomalopteryx antigua 16
V. Buller.—Heteralocha acutirostris 56
VI. {{{1}}} Apteryx bulleri 64
VII. Hamilton.—Plan of Castle Rocks Cave 68
VIIa. {{{1}}} Diagrams of Bones of Anas finschii 96
VIIb. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}{{{1}}}Apteryx australis
VIIc. {{{1}}} Harpagornis
VIId. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
VIII. {{{1}}} Diagrams of Bones of Apteryx australis
VIIIa. Williams.—Orthagoriscus mola 110
IX. Hudson.—Betyla fulva 164
X. Stock.Floscularia coronetta 192
XI. Maskell.—Coccids 208
XII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}} 216
XIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XIV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}} 224
XV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XVI. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XVII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}} 240
XVIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XIX. Kirk.—New Zealand Fuchsias 264
XX. Petrie.—New Zealand Plants 272
XXI. Brown.—New Zealand Mosses 280
XXII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXIV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXVI. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXVII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXVIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXIX. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXX. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXI. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}} 284
XXXIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXIV. Beckett.—New Zealand Mosses 296
XXXV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXVI. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXVII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXVIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XXXIX. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XL. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XLI. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XLII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XLIII. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XLIV. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
XLV. Hill.—Section of Artesian Well at Wanganui 348
XLVI. Hogben.—Diagram of Earthquake of 4th Dec, 1891 364
XLVII. Speight.—Sections of Olivine-andesite 368
XLVIII. Withy.—Diagrams of Systems of Sanitation and Ventilation 472
XLIX. {{{1}}} Ditto
L. Schaw.—Diagrams of Rainbows 456
LI. {{{1}}}{{{1}}}
LII. Hamilton.—Maori Combs and Mats 468
LIII. {{{1}}} Bone Pendants
LIV. Kingsley.—Maori Implements 494
LV. Morrison.—Maori Music 516