Translation:Mishnah/Seder Nezikin/Tractate Avot/Chapter 6/10

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This Baraita lists five possessions that God particularly prizes.

Hebrew Text[edit]

חֲמִשָׁה קִנְיָנִים קָנָה לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא בָּעוֹלָמוֹ,
וְאֵלּוּ הֵן:
תּוֹרָה קִנְיָן אֶחָד,
שָׁמַיִם וָאָרֶץ קִנְיָן אֶחָד,
אַבְרָהָם קִנְיָן אֶחָד,
יִשְׂרָאֵל קִנְיָן אֶחָד,
בֵּית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ קִנְיָן אֶחָד.

תּוֹרָה מִנַּיִן?
"יְהֹוָה קָנָנִי רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכּוֹ קֶדֶם מִפְעָלָיו מֵאָז."

שָׁמַיִם וָאָרֶץ מִנַּיִן?
"כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה: 'הַשָּׁמַיִם כִּסְאִי וְהָאָרֶץ הֲדֹם רַגְלָי. אֵי זֶה בַיִת אֲשֶׁר תִּבְנוּ לִי? וְאֵי זֶה מָקוֹם מְנוּחָתִי?'"
"מָה רַבּוּ מַעֲשֶׂיךָ יְהֹוָה כֻּלָּם בְּחָכְמָה עָשִׂיתָ מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ קִנְיָנֶךָ."

אַבְרָהָם מִנַּיִן?
"וַיְבָרְכֵהוּ וַיֹּאמַר: 'בָּרוּךְ אַבְרָם לְאֵל עֶלְיוֹן קוֹנֶה שָׁמַיִם וָאָרֶץ.'"

יִשְׂרָאֵל מִנַּיִן?
"עַד יַעֲבֹר עַמְּךָ יְהֹוָה עַד יַעֲבוֹר עַם זוּ קָנִיתָ";
"לִקְדוֹשִׁים אֲשֶׁר בָּאָרֶץ הֵמָּה וְאַדִּירֵי כָּל חֶפְצִי בָם."

בֵּית הַמִּקְדָּשׁ מִנַּיִן?
"מָכוֹן לְשִׁבְתְּךָ פָּעַלְתָּ יְהֹוָה מִקְּדָשׁ אֲדֹנָי כּוֹנְנוּ יָדֶיךָ,"
"וַיְבִיאֵם אֶל גְּבוּל קָדְשׁוֹ הַר זֶה קָנְתָה יְמִינוֹ."

English Translation[edit]

Five possessions has the Holy One, Blessed be He, declared His own in His world,
And they are:
The Torah [is] one possession,
Heaven and earth [are] one possession,
Abraham [is] one possession,
Israel [is] one possession,
[And] the Sanctuary [is] one possession.

From where [do we infer that] the Torah [is] one possession?
For it is written:
“The Lord possessed me at the beginning of His way, the first of His of old.” (Proverbs 8:22.)

From where [do we infer that] heaven and earth [are] one possession?
For it is written:
“Thus says the Lord: ‘The heaven is My throne, and the earth is My footstool. Which house might you build for Me? And which place might be My resting-place?’” (Isaiah 66:1),
And it [also] says:
“How manifold are Your works, O Lord! In wisdom have You made them all; full is the earth, Your possession.” (Psalm 104:24.)

From where [do we infer that] Abraham [is] one possession?
For it is written:
“And [Melchizedek] blessed him, and said: ‘Blessed be Abram of God Most High, Maker of heaven and earth.’” (Genesis 14:19.)

From where [do we infer that] Israel [is] one possession?
For it is written:
“Till Your people pass over, O Lord, till the people pass over whom You have made Your own” (Exodus 15:16),
And it [also] says:
“As for the holy that are in the earth, they are the excellent in whom is all My delight.” (Psalm 16:3.)

From where [do we infer that] the Sanctuary [is] one possession?
For it is written:
“The Sanctuary, O Lord, that Your hands have established” (Exodus 15:17),
And it is [also] said:
“And He brought them to His holy border, to the mountain, which His right hand had possessed.” (Psalm 78:54.)


For commentary on Avot 6:10, see, for example: