Translation:Mishnah/Seder Zeraim/Tractate Berakhot/Chapter 3

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Mishnah 1

One whose dead lies before him,
he is exempt from reciting the Shema, from saying the Amidah and from wearing tefillin.
The pall bearers, their replacements and the replacements of the replacements,
whether in front of or behind the stretcher,
if they are needed for the stretcher they are exempt [from reciting the Shema],
if they are not needed for the stretcher they are obligated [to recite the Shema].
In either case, they are exempt from saying the Amidah.

Mishnah 2

He who buries the dead and comes back,
If he can start and finish before returning to the line [to comfort the mourners], he starts,
If not, he does not start.
As for those standing in the line,
The inner ones are exempt.
The outer ones are obligated.

Mishnah 3

Women, non-Jewish slaves and minors
are exempt from reciting the Shema and from tefillin,
But they are obligated to recite the Amidah, to affix a mezuzah and to recite Birkat Hamazon.

Mishnah 4

A baal keri should think about the Shema in his heart [i.e., instead of saying it out loud] and should not recite the blessings,
either before or after.
On food, he makes the blessing after, but not the blessing before.
Rabbi Yehudah says:
He blesses before and after.

Mishnah 5

If one stands in prayer and remembers that he is a baal keri,
He does not stop praying, but abridges the prayer.
If he went down to immerse in a mikvah,
If he is able to come up, cover himself and do it before he sees the sun blossom
He comes up, covers himself and recites the Shema.
But if he is not able to do so –
He covers himself in waters and recites.
But he does not cover himself,
Not in foul waters.
Nor in water in which flax soaked.
Until he puts more water into it.
And how far from filth must he be?
Four cubits.(forearm)

Mishnah 6

A zav who saw a seminal emission,
a niddah who discharged semen from prior sexual relations.
and a woman having sexual relations who saw her menses,
require immersion in a mikvah;
but Rabbi Yehudah exempts them.