Translation:The Peach Blossom Spring

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
For other English-language translations of this work, see Tao hua yuan ji.
The Peach Blossom Spring
by Tao Yuanming, translated from Chinese by Wikisource
(The Tale of the) Peach Blossom Spring (Chinese: 桃花源记; pinyin: Táo​huā​ Yuán; literally "Source of [the River of] the Peach Blossoms" was a fable by Tao Yuanming in 421 about a chance discovery of an ethereal utopia where the people lead an ideal existence in harmony with nature, unaware of the outside world for centuries
太元武陵遠近桃花夾岸芳草鮮美落英繽紛漁人前行水源便彷彿便

豁然開朗土地儼然良田阡陌交通其中往來種作男女衣著外人黃髮垂髫怡然漁人便問訊先世避秦妻子邑人絕境人間不知無論一一具言嘆惋餘人酒食數日辭去:「不足為外人道。」

便處處太守如此太守

南陽劉子驥高尚欣然問津
In the Jin Dynasty, during the Taiyuan era (376 - 397), there lived in Wuling Commandery a fisherman. One day, he paddled upstream and lost track of how far he had gone. Suddenly, he came upon a forest of peach blossoms stretching for several hundred paces along both banks of the waterway. There were no stray trees mixed among them. There was a fresh and pleasing scent of fragrant grass. Fallen peach blossoms were scattered about in abundance. Amazed at the sight, the fisherman pressed ahead. He wanted to make his way to the end of the forest. The forest ended at the headwaters of the stream, whereupon he arrived at a mountain. There was a small cave in the side of the mountain. It seemed as though light was emitting from it. He abandoned his boat and went inside.

At first it was extremely narrow, allowing for only one person to squeeze through. After walking another twenty or thirty paces, he suddenly exited onto an open clearing. The land became flat and broad. Houses were neatly arranged in rows. There were fertile fields, beautiful ponds, mulberry trees, bamboo groves and the like. Pathways crisscrossed the fields, and one could hear the intermingled sounds of chickens and dogs. There were people walking back and forth, busying themselves with planting crops. The clothing of the men and women was unlike anything he had ever seen. Old and young alike seemed happy and contented. When they saw the fisherman, they were all shocked and asked him where he had come from. He answered each and every one of their questions. They brought him home with them, setting out wine, killing chickens, and preparing food in his honor. When the other villagers heard about the fisherman, they all came to ask him about where he had come from. They told the fisherman that their ancestors had fled the chaos of the Qin Dynasty, and had led their wives and fellow villagers to this isolated area. No one had left since. As a result, they had become completely cut off from the outside world. When asking about the name of the current dynasty, it became apparent that they did not know about the Han Dynasty, much less the Wei or Jin Dynasties. As the fisherman told them in great detail the news from the outside world, they all sighed in despair. More people invited him to their homes to drink and eat. He stayed on for a few more days before taking his leave. As he was departing, some of them said to him, "No need to tell outsiders about us."

He then left and found his boat, retracing his path and putting up markers as he went. When he arrived at the Commandery headquarters, he paid a formal visit to the Commandery governor and told him what had happened. The Commandery governor then sent people to retrace the fisherman's steps. However, they got lost while looking for the markers that the fisherman had left behind and were unable to find the trail.

Liu Linzhi (style name Ziji) of Nanyang was man of refinement. When he heard about this story, he cheerfully made plans to go look for the village. However, he died of an illness before he got his chance. After that, nobody made any further inquiries.

Taleoftaohuayuan.jpg

Licensing[edit]

Copyright.svg PD-icon.svg This work is a translation and has a separate copyright status to the applicable copyright protections of the original content.
Original:

This work was published before January 1, 1926, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

 
Translation:

This work is licensed under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License.


Nuvola apps important.svg

The Terms of use of the Wikimedia Foundation require that GFDL-licensed text imported after November 2008 must also be dual-licensed with another compatible license. "Content available only under GFDL is not permissible" (§7.4). This does not apply to non-text media.

This work is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license, which allows free use, distribution, and creation of derivatives, so long as the license is unchanged and clearly noted, and the original author is attributed.