Treaty of Orebro (Britain and Russia)
In the Name of the Holy and Undivided Trinity.
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, being equally animated with the desire of re-establishing the ancient relations of friendship and good understanding between the 2 respective States, have named for that purpose their Plenipotentiaries; namely,
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Edward Thornton, Esquire, his Plenipotentiary at the Court of His Majesty the King of Sweden; and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, Peter de Suchtelen, General of Engineers, Quarter-Master-General, Member of the Council of State, Inspector of the whole of the Department of Engineers, Knight of the Order of Saint Alexander Newsky, Grand Cross of those of Saint Wladimir and of Saint Anne of the First Class, Knight of the Order of Saint George of the Fourth Class, and Commander of that of Saint Joha of Jerusalem; and Paul Baron de Nicolay, his Gentleman of the Bedchamber of the Fifth Class, charged with his Affairs at the Court of His Majesty the King of Sweden, Knight of the Order of Saint Wladimir of the Third Class, and of the Royal Order of the Polar Star of Sweden;
Who, after the exchange of their respective Full Powers, drawn up in good and due form, have agreed upon the following Articles :
Art. I. There shall be between His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, and His Majesty the Emperor of All the Russias, their Heirs and Successors, and between their respective States and Subjects, a. firm, true, and inviolable Peace, and a sincere and perfect union and friendship, so that from this moment all cause of misunderstanding which may have existed between them, shall be considered as entirely ceasing and done away.
II. The relations of friendship and commerce between the 2 Countries shall be re-established on both sides, upon the footing of the most favoured Nations.
III. If, in resentment of the present pacification, and of the re-establishment of the good understanding between the 2 Countries, any Power whatsoever shall commit hostilities, whether against His Britannic Majesty or against His Imperial Majesty, the 2 Contracting Sovereigns engage to make common cause for the support and security of their respective States.
IV. The 2 High Contracting Parties will endeavour to come to an understanding and arrangement as soon as possible, as to all matters relating to their mutual interests, political as well as commercial.
V. The present Treaty shall be ratified by the 2 High Contracting Parties, and the Ratifications shall be exchanged in 6 weeks, or sooner, if possible.
In faith whereof, we the Undersigned, in virtue of our Full Powers, have signed the present Treaty of Peace, and fixed thereto the Seal of our Arms.
Done at Orebro, the 18th day of the month of July, in the year of our Lord, 1812.
|(L. S.) EDWARD THORNTON.|
|(L. S.) SUCHTELEN.|
|(L. S.) PAUL BARON DE NICOLAY|
- The Russian Empire was still using the Julian calendar so some version of the treaty include the date of 6 July 1812 (see Old Style and New Style dates)
- Ratified 1 August 1812. (Norie p. 560)
- John William Norie. The naval gazetteer, biographer, and chronologist; containing a history of the late wars, from their commencement in 1793 to their final conclusion in 1815; and continued, as to the biographical part, to the present time, J. W. Norie & Co., 1827. Part IV Treaties. p. 560
- Great Britain Foreign Office, Great Britain Foreign and Commonwealth Office. British and Foreign State Papers, Volume 1 Part 1 (1812-1814), 1841 p. 13