Treaty of Trianon/Preamble

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Treaty of Peace between the Allied and Associated Powers and Hungary

THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, THE BRITISH EMPIRE, FRANCE, ITALY AND JAPAN,
these Powers being described in the present Treaty as the Principal Allied and Associated Powers,

BELGIUM, CHINA, CUBA, GREECE, NICARAGUA, PANAMA, POLAND, PORTUGAL, ROUMANIA, THE SERB-CROAT-SLOVENE STATE, SIAM, and CZECHOSLOVAKIA,
these Powers constituting with the Principal Powers mentioned above the Allied and Associated Powers, of the one part;

And HUNGARY of the other part;

WHEREAS on the request of the former Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government an Armistice was granted to Austria-Hungary on 3 November 1918, by the Principal Allied and Associated Powers, and completed as regards Hungary by the Military Convention of 13 November 1918, in order that a Treaty of Peace might be concluded, and

WHEREAS the Allied and Associated Powers are equally desirous that the war in which certain among them were successively involved, directly or indirectly, against Austria-Hungary, and which originated in the declaration of war by the former Imperial and Royal Austro-Hungarian Government on 28 July 1914, against Serbia, and in the hostilities conducted by Germany in alliance with Austria-Hungary, should be replaced by a firm, just, and durable Peace, and

WHEREAS the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy has now ceased to exist, and has been replaced in Hungary by a national Hungarian Government:

FOR THIS PURPOSE the High Contracting Parties have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:

The President of the United States of America, by:
Mr Hugh Campbell Wallace, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the United States of America at Paris;
His Majesty the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Emperor of India, by:
The Right Honourable Edward George Villiers, Earl of Derby KG, PC, KCVO, CB, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of His Britannic Majesty at Paris;
And for the Dominion of Canada, by:
The Honourable Sir George Halsey Perley KCMG, High Commissioner for Canada in the United Kingdom;
for the Commonwealth of Australia, by:
The Right Honourable Andrew Fisher, High Commissioner for Australia in the United Kingdom;
for the Dominion of New Zealand, by:
The Honourable Sir Thomas Mackenzie KCMG, High Commissioner for New Zealand in the United Kingdom;
for the Union of South Africa, by:
Mr Reginald Andrew Blankenberg OBE, Acting High Commissioner for the Union of South Africa in the United Kingdom;
for India, by:
The Right Honourable Edward George Villiers, Earl of Derby KG, PC, KCVO, CB, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of His Britannic Majesty at Paris;
The President of the French Republic, by:
Mr Alexandre Millerand, President of the Council, Minister for Foreign Affairs;
Mr Frédéric François-Marsal, Minister of Finance;
Mr Auguste Paul-Louis Isaac, Minister of Commerce and Industry;
Mr Jules Cambon, Ambassador of France;
Mr George Maurice Paléologue, Ambassador of France, Secretary-General of the Minister for Foreign Affairs;
His Majesty the King of Italy, by:
Count Lelio Bonin Longare, Senator of the Kingdom; Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of HM the King of Italy at Paris;
Rear Admiral Mario Grassi;
His Majesty the Emperor of Japan, by:
Mr K. Matsui, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of HM the Emperor of Japan at Paris;
His Majesty the King of the Belgians, by:
Mr Jules van den Heuvel, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary, Minister of State;
Mr Rolin Jacquemyns, Member of the Institute of Private International Law, Secretary-General of the Belgian Delegation;
The President of the Chinese Republic, by:
Mr Vikyuin Wellington Koo;
Mr Sao-Ke Alfred Sze;
The President of the Cuban Republic, by:
Dr Rafael Martinez Ortiz, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Cuban Republic at Paris;
His Majesty the King of the Hellenes, by:
Mr Athos Romanos, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of HM the King of the Hellenes at Paris;
The President of the Republic of Nicaragua, by:
Mr Carlos A. Villanueva, Chargé d'affaires of the Republic of Nicaragua at Paris;
The President of the Republic of Panama, by:
Mr Raoul A. Amador, Chargé d'affaires of the Republic of Panama at Paris;
The President of the Polish Republic, by:
Prince Eustache Sapieha, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Polish Republic at London;
Mr Erasme Piltz, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Polish Republic at Prague;
The President of the Portuguese Republic, by:
Dr Affonso da Costa, formerly President of the Council of Ministers;
Mr Joao Chagas, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Portuguese Republic at Paris;
His Majesty the King of Roumania, by:
Dr Jon Cantacuzino, Minister of State;
Mr Nicolae Titulescu, formerly Minister Secretary of State;
His Majesty the King of the Serbs, the Croats, and the Slovenes, by:
Mr Nicholas P. Pachitch, formerly President of the Council of Ministers;
Mr Ante Trumbic, Minister for Foreign Affairs;
Mr Ivan Zolger, Doctor of Law;
His Majesty the King of Siam, by:
His Highness Prince Charoon, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of HM the King of Siam at Paris;
The President of the Czeco-Slovak Republic, by:
Mr Eduard Beneš, Minister for Foreign Affairs;
Mr Stephen Osusky, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary of the Czecho-Slovak Republic at London;
Hungary:
Mr Gaston de Bénard, Minister of Labour and Public Welfare;
Mr Alfred Drasche-Lazar, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary;

Who having communicated their full powers found in good and due form have agreed as follows:

From the coming into force of the present Treaty the state of war will terminate.

From that moment and subject to the provisions of this Treaty official relations will exist between the Allied and Associated Powers and Hungary.