United Nations Security Council Resolution 135

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Adopted by the Security Council at its 863rd meeting, by 9 votes to none, with 2 abstentions (Poland, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), on 27 May 1960

The Security Council,

Mindful of its responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security,

Noting with regret that the hopes of the world for a successful meeting of the Heads of Government of France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America has not been fulfilled,

Considering that these developments have caused great disappointment and concern in world public opinion,

Considering also that the resulting situation may lead to an increase of international tensions likely to endanger peace and security,

Being convinced of the necessity to make every effort to restore and strengthen international good will and confidence, based on the established principles of international law,

Being especially aware of the mounting danger of the continuation of the armaments race,

1. Recommends to the Governments concerned to seek solutions of existing international problems by negotiation or other peaceful means as provided in the Charter of the United Nations;

2. Appeals to all Member Governments to refrain from the use or threats of force in their international relations, to respect each other's sovereignty, territorial integrity and political independence, and to refrain from any action which might increase tensions;

3. Requests the Governments concerned to continue their efforts to achieve a constructive solution of the question of general and complete disarmament under effective international control in accordance with General Assembly resolution 1378 (XIV) and the discontinuance of all nuclear weapons tests under an appropriate international control system, as well as their negotiations on measures to prevent surprise attack, including technical measures, as recommended by the General Assembly;

4. Urges the Governments of France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America to resume discussions as soon as possible and to avail themselves of the assistance that the Security Council and other appropriate organs of the United Nations may be able to render this end.

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