United Nations Security Council Resolution 180

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Adopted by the Security Council at its 1049rd meeting, by 8 votes to none, with 3 abstentions (France, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, United States of America), on 31 July 1963

The Security Council,

Having examined the situation in the Territories under Portuguese administration as submitted by the thirty-two African Member States,

Recalling its resolution 163 (1961) of 9 June 1961 and General Assembly resolutions 1807 (XVII) of 14 December 1962 and 1819 (XVII) of 18 December 1962,

Recalling General Assembly resolution 1542 (XV) of 15 December 1960, which declares the Territories under Portuguese administration to be Non-Self-Governing Territories within the meaning of Chapter XI of the Charter of the United Nations, as well as resolution 1514 (XV) of 14 December 1960, by which the General Assembly declares inter alia that immediate steps shall be taken to transfer all powers to the peoples of those Territories, without any conditions or reservations, in accordance with their freely expressed wishes, without distinction as to race, creed or colour, in order to enable them to enjoy complete freedom and independence,

1. Confirms General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV);

2. Affirms that the policies of Portugal in claiming the Territories under its administration as "overseas territories' and as integral parts of metropolitan Portugal are contrary to the principles of the Charter and the relevant resolutions of the General Assembly and of the Security Council;

3. Deprecates the attitude of the Portuguese Government, its repeated violations of the principles of the Charter and its continued refusal to implement the resolutions of the General Assembly and of the Security Council;

4. Determines that the situation in the Territories under Portuguese administration is seriously disturbing peace and security in Africa;

5. Urgently calls upon Portugal to implement the following:

(a) The immediate recognition of the right of the peoples of the Territories under its administration to self-determination and independence;
(b) The immediate cessation of all acts of repression and the withdrawal of all military and other forces at present employed for the purpose;
(c) The promulgation of an unconditional political amnesty and the establishment of conditions that will allow the free functioning of political parties;
(d) Negotiations, on the basis of the recognition of the right to self-determination, with the authorized representatives of the political parties within and outside the Territories with a view to the transfer of power to political institutions freely elected and representative of the peoples, in accordance with General Assembly resolutions 1514 (XV);
(e) The granting of independence immediately there-after to all the Territories under its administration in accordance with the aspirations of the peoples;

6. Requests that all States should refrain forthwith from offering the Portuguese Government any assistance which would enable it to continue its repression of the peoples of the Territories under its administration, and take all measures to prevent the sale and supply of arms and military equipment for this purpose to the Portuguese Government;

7. Requests the Secretary-General to ensure the implementation of the provisions of the present resolution, to furnish such assistance as he may deem necessary and to report to the Security Council by 31 October 1963

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