United States Statutes at Large/Volume 1/1st Congress/1st Session/Chapter 25
Act of April 30, 1790, ch. 10, sec. 14. Chap. ⅩⅩⅤ.—An Act to recognize and adapt the Constitution of the United States the establishment of the Troops raised under the Resolves of the United States in Congress assembled, and for other purposes therein mentioned.
Establishment of 3d Oct. 1787, recognized for troops in the service of U.S.Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the establishment contained in the resolve of thee late Congress of the third day of October, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, except as to the mode of appointing the officers, and also as is herein after provided, be, and the same is hereby recognized to be the establishment for the troops in the service of the United States.
Pay and allowance of troops.Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the pay and allowances of the said troops be the same as have been established by the United States in Congress assembled, by their resolution of the twelfth of April, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-five.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That all commissioned and noncommissioned officers and privates, who are or shall be in the service of the United States, shall take the following oaths or affirmations, to wit; To take oath to support the Constitution, and bear allegiance to the United States.“I, A. B. do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) that I will support the constitution of the United States.” “I, A. B. do solemnly swear or affirm (as the case may be) to bear true allegiance to the United States of America, and to serve them honestly and faithfully against all their enemies or opposers whatsoever, and to observe and obey the orders of the President of the United States of America, and the orders of the officers appointed over me.”
Troops to be governed by rules and articles of war.Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said troops shall be governed by the rules and articles of war which have been established by the United States in Congress assembled, or by such rules and articles of war, as may hereafter by law be established.
For protecting frontiers, President may call forth the militia.Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That for the purpose of protecting the inhabitants of the frontiers of the United States from the hostile incursions of the Indians, the President is hereby authorized to call into service from time to time, such part of the militia of the states respectively, as he may judge necessary for the purpose aforesaid; Pay and subsistence.and that their pay and subsistence while in service, be the same as the pay and subsistence of the troops above mentioned.
Continuance of this act.Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force until the end of the next session of Congress, and no longer.
Approved, September 29, 1789.