United States Statutes at Large/Volume 1/3rd Congress/1st Session/Chapter 27

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May 9, 1794
[Expired.]
Chap. ⅩⅩⅦ.—An Act directing a Detachment from the Militia of the United States.


President of the U. States to require of the states 80,000 effective militia.Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the President of the United States be, and he is hereby authorized to require of the executives of the several states, to take effectual measures, as soon as may be, to organize, arm and equip, according to law, and hold in readiness to march at a moment’s warning, the following proportions, respectively, of eighty thousand effective militia, officers included, to wit: Apportionment.From the state of Georgia, one thousand three hundred and thirty-three; from the state of South Carolina, three thousand five hundred and fifty; from the state of North Carolina, seven thousand three hundred and thirty-one; from the State of Kentucky, one thousand five hundred and thirty-two; from the state of Virginia, eleven thousand three hundred and seventy-seven; from the state of Maryland, five thousand four hundred and eighteen; from the state of Delaware, one thousand two hundred and fifty-six; from the State of Pennsylvania, ten thousand seven hundred and sixty-eight; from the State of New Jersey, four thousand three hundred and eighteen; from the state of New York, seven thousand nine hundred and seventy-one; from the state of Vermont, two thousand one hundred and thirty-nine; from the state of Connecticut, five thousand eight hundred and eighty-one; from the state of Rhode Island, one thousand six hundred and ninety-seven; from the state of Massachusetts, eleven thousand eight hundred and eighty-five; from the state of New Hampshire, three thousand five hundred and forty-four.

How officered.Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the detachments of militia aforesaid shall be officered out of the present militia officers, or others, at the option and discretion of the constitutional authority in each state respectively.

President may accept certain corps as volunteers.Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the President may, if he judges expedient, authorize the executives of the several states to accept any independent corps of cavalry, artillery or infantry, as part of the detachments aforesaid, provided they shall voluntarily engage as corps in the service.

Time of service.Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the said militia shall not be compelled to serve a longer time, in any one tour, than three months after their arrival at the place of rendezvous: Pay and allowance.And that, during the time of their service, besides their pay and other allowances, which shall be the same as the troops on the military establishment of the United States, they shall receive at the rate of one dollar and sixty-six cents, for clothing, per month.

President to cause the whole of the militia to be armed, &c.Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That the President of the United States be requested to call on the executives of the several states, to take the most effectual means, that the whole of the militia, not comprised within the foregoing requisition, be armed and equipped according to law.

Limitation of this act.Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That this act shall continue and be in force, for the space of one year from the passing thereof, and from thence to the end of the next session of Congress, and no longer.

Approved, May 9, 1794.