United States Statutes at Large/Volume 1/5th Congress/2nd Session/Chapter 83
1789, ch. 20.
Power of holding to the peace and good behaviour.Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the judges of the supreme court, and of the several district courts of the United States, and all judges and justices of the courts of the several states, having authority by the laws of the United States to take cognizance of offences against the constitution and laws thereof, shall respectively have the like power and authority to hold to security of the peace, and for good behaviour, in cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United States, as may or can be lawfully exercised by any judge or justice of the peace of the respective states, in cases cognizable before them.
Approved, July 16, 1798.