United States Statutes at Large/Volume 1/5th Congress/3rd Session/Chapter 10
Section 1.By what officers vessels of the U. States are to be commanded.
Ante, p. 556. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That all the vessels in the service of the United States, mounting twenty guns and upwards, be commanded by captains—those not exceeding eighteen guns (except gallies, which are to be commanded as heretofore provided by law) by masters or lieutenants, according to the size of the vessel, to be regulated by the President of the United States.
Sec. 2.Pay and allowance to captains and commanders. And be it further enacted, That the pay of captains commanding ships of thirty-two guns and upwards, be one hundred dollars per month, and eight rations per day; of captains commanding ships of twenty and under thirty-two guns, seventy-five dollars per month and six rations per day; of a master commandant, sixty dollars per month and five rations per day; and of lieutenants, who may command the smaller vessels, fifty dollars per month, and four rations per day.
Sec. 3.Allowance to commanders of squadrons and the commander of the navy. And be it further enacted, That whenever any officer, as aforesaid, shall be employed in the command of a squadron, on separate service, the allowance of rations to such commanding officer shall be doubled during the continuance of such command, and no longer, except in the case of the commanding officer of the navy, whose allowance, while in service, shall always be at the rate of sixteen rations per day.
Approved, February 25, 1799.