William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act of 2008/Title II/Subtitle A

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==Subtitle A—Ensuring Availability of Possible Witnesses and Informants==

SEC. 201. PROTECTING TRAFFICKING VICTIMS AGAINST RETALIATION.[edit]

(a) T Visas— Section 101(a)(15)(T) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(T)) is amended—
(1) in clause (i)—
(A) in the matter preceding subclause (I), by striking `Security and the Attorney General jointly;' and inserting `Security, in consultation with the Attorney General,';
(B) in subclause (I), by striking the comma at the end and inserting a semicolon;
(C) in subclause (II), by adding at the end the following: `including physical presence on account of the alien having been allowed entry into the United States for participation in investigative or judicial processes associated with an act or a perpetrator of trafficking;';
(D) in subclause (III)—
(i) in item (aa), by striking `or' at the end;
(ii) by redesignating item (bb) as item (cc);
(iii) by inserting after item (aa) the following:
`(bb) in consultation with the Attorney General, as appropriate, is unable to cooperate with a request described in item (aa) due to physical or psychological trauma; or'; and
(iv) in item (cc), as redesignated, by striking `, and' at the end and inserting `; and'; and
(E) in subclause (IV), by adding `and' at the end;
(2) in clause (ii)—
(A) in subclause (I), by striking `or' at the end;
(B) in subclause (II), by striking `and' at the end and inserting `or'; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
`(III) any parent or unmarried sibling under 18 years of age of an alien described in subclause (I) or (II) who the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the law enforcement officer investigating a severe form of trafficking, determines faces a present danger of retaliation as a result of the alien's escape from the severe form of trafficking or cooperation with law enforcement.'; and
(3) by striking clause (iii).
(b) Requirements for T Visa Issuance— Section 214(o)(7) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(o)(7)) is amended—
(1) in subparagraph (B)—
(A) by striking `subparagraph (A) if a Federal' and inserting the following: `subparagraph (A) if—
`(i) a Federal';
(B) by striking the period at the end and inserting a semicolon; and
(C) by adding at the end the following:
`(ii) the alien is eligible for relief under section 245(l) and is unable to obtain such relief because regulations have not been issued to implement such section; or
`(iii) the Secretary of Homeland Security determines that an extension of the period of such nonimmigrant status is warranted due to exceptional circumstances.'; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
`(C) Nonimmigrant status under section 101(a)(15)(T) shall be extended during the pendency of an application for adjustment of status under section 245(l).'.
(c) Conditions on Nonimmigrant Status for Certain Crime Victims— Section 214(p)(6) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1184(p)(6)) is amended by adding at the end the following: `The Secretary of Homeland Security may extend, beyond the 4-year period authorized under this section, the authorized period of status of an alien as a nonimmigrant under section 101(a)(15)(U) if the Secretary determines that an extension of such period is warranted due to exceptional circumstances. Such alien's nonimmigrant status shall be extended beyond the 4-year period authorized under this section if the alien is eligible for relief under section 245(m) and is unable to obtain such relief because regulations have not been issued to implement such section and shall be extended during the pendency of an application for adjustment of status under section 245(m). The Secretary may grant work authorization to any alien who has a pending, bona fide application for nonimmigrant status under section 101(a)(15)(U).'.
(d) Adjustment of Status for Trafficking Victims— Section 245(l) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255(l)) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1)—
(A) in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking `the Attorney General,,' and inserting `in the opinion of the Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General, as appropriate';
(B) in subparagraph (B)—
(i) by inserting `subject to paragraph (6),' after `(B)'; and
(ii) by striking `, and' and inserting `; and'; and
(C) in subparagraph (C)—
(i) in clause (i), by striking `, or' and inserting a semicolon;
(ii) in clause (ii), by striking `, or in the case of subparagraph (C)(i), the Attorney General, as appropriate'; and
(iii) by striking the period at the end and inserting the following: `; or
`(iii) was younger than 18 years of age at the time of the victimization qualifying the alien for relief under section 101(a)(15)(T).';
(2) in paragraph (3), by striking the period at the end and inserting the following: `, unless—
`(A) the absence was necessary to assist in the investigation or prosecution described in paragraph (1)(A); or
`(B) an official involved in the investigation or prosecution certifies that the absence was otherwise justified.'; and
(3) by adding at the end the following:
`(6) For purposes of paragraph (1)(B), the Secretary of Homeland Security may waive consideration of a disqualification from good moral character with respect to an alien if the disqualification was caused by, or incident to, the trafficking described in section 101(a)(15)(T)(i)(I).
`(7) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall permit aliens to apply for a waiver of any fees associated with filing an application for relief through final adjudication of the adjustment of status for a VAWA self-petitioner and for relief under sections 101(a)(15)(T), 101(a)(15)(U), 106, 240A(b)(2), and 244(a)(3) (as in effect on March 31, 1997).'.
(e) Adjustment of Status for Crime Victims— Section 245(m) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1255(m)) is amended—
(1) in paragraph (1), in the matter preceding subparagraph (A), by striking `unless the Attorney General' and inserting `unless the Secretary'; and
(2) by adding at the end the following:
`(5)(A) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall consult with the Attorney General, as appropriate, in making a determination under paragraph (1) whether affirmative evidence demonstrates that the alien unreasonably refused to provide assistance to a Federal law enforcement official, Federal prosecutor, Federal judge, or other Federal authority investigating or prosecuting criminal activity described in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iii).
`(B) Nothing in paragraph (1)(B) may be construed to prevent the Secretary from consulting with the Attorney General in making a determination whether affirmative evidence demonstrates that the alien unreasonably refused to provide assistance to a State or local law enforcement official, State or local prosecutor, State or local judge, or other State or local authority investigating or prosecuting criminal activity described in section 101(a)(15)(U)(iii).'.
(f) Effective Date— The amendments made by this section shall—
(1) take effect on the date of enactment of the Act; and
(2) apply to applications for immigration benefits filed on or after such date.

SEC. 202. PROTECTIONS FOR DOMESTIC WORKERS AND OTHER NONIMMIGRANTS.[edit]

(a) Information Pamphlet—
(1) DEVELOPMENT AND DISTRIBUTION— The Secretary of State, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, the Attorney General, and the Secretary of Labor, shall develop an information pamphlet on legal rights and resources for aliens applying for employment- or education-based nonimmigrant visas.
(2) CONSULTATION— In developing the information pamphlet under paragraph (1), the Secretary of State shall consult with nongovernmental organizations with expertise on the legal rights of workers and victims of severe forms of trafficking in persons.
(b) Contents— The information pamphlet developed under subsection (a) shall include information concerning items such as—
(1) the nonimmigrant visa application processes, including information about the portability of employment;
(2) the legal rights of employment or education-based nonimmigrant visa holders under Federal immigration, labor, and employment law;
(3) the illegality of slavery, peonage, trafficking in persons, sexual assault, extortion, blackmail, and worker exploitation in the United States;
(4) the legal rights of immigrant victims of trafficking in persons and worker exploitation, including—
(A) the right of access to immigrant and labor rights groups;
(B) the right to seek redress in United States courts;
(C) the right to report abuse without retaliation;
(D) the right of the nonimmigrant to relinquish possession of his or her passport to his or her employer;
(E) the requirement of an employment contract between the employer and the nonimmigrant; and
(F) an explanation of the rights and protections included in the contract described in subparagraph (E); and
(5) information about nongovernmental organizations that provide services for victims of trafficking in persons and worker exploitation, including—
(A) anti-trafficking in persons telephone hotlines operated by the Federal Government;
(B) the Operation Rescue and Restore hotline; and
(C) a general description of the types of victims services available for individuals subject to trafficking in persons or worker exploitation.
(c) Translation—
(1) IN GENERAL— To best serve the language groups having the greatest concentration of employment-based nonimmigrant visas, the Secretary of State shall translate the information pamphlet developed under subsection (a) into all relevant foreign languages, to be determined by the Secretary based on the languages spoken by the greatest concentrations of employment- or education-based nonimmigrant visa applicants.
(2) REVISION— Every 2 years, the Secretary of State, in consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall determine the specific languages into which the information pamphlet will be translated based on the languages spoken by the greatest concentrations of employment- or education-based nonimmigrant visa applicants.
(d) Availability and Distribution—
(1) POSTING ON FEDERAL WEBSITES— The information pamphlet developed under subsection (a) shall be posted on the websites of the Department of State, the Department of Homeland Security, the Department of Justice, the Department of Labor, and all United States consular posts processing applications for employment- or education-based nonimmigrant visas.
(2) OTHER DISTRIBUTION— The information pamphlet developed under subsection (a) shall be made available to any—
(A) government agency;
(B) nongovernmental advocacy organization; or
(C) foreign labor broker doing business in the United States.
(3) DEADLINE FOR PAMPHLET DEVELOPMENT AND DISTRIBUTION— Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of State shall distribute and make available the information pamphlet developed under subsection (a) in all the languages referred to in subsection (c).
(e) Responsibilities of Consular Officers of the Department of State—
(1) INTERVIEWS— A consular officer conducting an interview of an alien for an employment-based nonimmigrant visa shall—
(A)(i) confirm that the alien has received, read, and understood the contents of the pamphlet described in subsections (a) and (b); and
(ii) if the alien has not received, read, or understood the contents of the pamphlet described in subsections (a) and (b), distribute and orally disclose to the alien the information described in paragraphs (2) and (3) in a language that the alien understands; and
(B) offer to answer any questions the alien may have regarding the contents of the pamphlet described in subsections (a) and (b).
(2) LEGAL RIGHTS— The consular officer shall disclose to the alien—
(A) the legal rights of employment-based nonimmigrants under Federal immigration, labor, and employment laws;
(B) the illegality of slavery, peonage, trafficking in persons, sexual assault, extortion, blackmail, and worker exploitation in the United States; and
(C) the legal rights of immigrant victims of trafficking in persons, worker exploitation, and other related crimes, including—
(i) the right of access to immigrant and labor rights groups;
(ii) the right to seek redress in United States courts; and
(iii) the right to report abuse without retaliation.
(3) VICTIM SERVICES— In carrying out the disclosure requirement under this subsection, the consular officer shall disclose to the alien the availability of services for victims of human trafficking and worker exploitation in the United States, including victim services complaint hotlines.
(f) Definitions— In this section:
(1) EMPLOYMENT- OR EDUCATION-BASED NONIMMIGRANT VISA— The term `employment- or education-based nonimmigrant visa' means—
(A) a nonimmigrant visa issued under subparagraph (A)(iii), (G)(v), (H), or (J) of section 101(a)(15) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)); and
(B) any nonimmigrant visa issued to a personal or domestic servant who is accompanying or following to join an employer.
(2) SEVERE FORMS OF TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS— The term `severe forms of trafficking in persons' has the meaning given the term in section 103 of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102).
(3) SECRETARY— The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of State.
(4) ABUSING AND EXPLOITING— The term `abusing and exploiting' means any conduct which would constitute a violation of section 1466A, 1589, 1591, 1592, 2251, or 2251A of title 18, United States Code.

SEC. 203. PROTECTIONS, REMEDIES, AND LIMITATIONS ON ISSUANCE FOR A-3 AND G-5 VISAS.[edit]

(a) Limitations on Issuance of A-3 and G-5 Visas—
(1) CONTRACT REQUIREMENT— Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary of State may not issue—
(A) an A-3 visa unless the applicant is employed, or has signed a contract to be employed containing the requirements set forth in subsection (d)(2), by an officer of a diplomatic mission or consular post; or
(B) a G-5 visa unless the applicant is employed, or has signed a contract to be employed by an employee in an international organization.
(2) SUSPENSION REQUIREMENT— Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Secretary shall suspend, for such period as the Secretary determines necessary, the issuance of A-3 visas or G-5 visas to applicants seeking to work for officials of a diplomatic mission or an international organization, if the Secretary determines that there is credible evidence that 1 or more employees of such mission or international organization have abused or exploited 1 or more nonimmigrants holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa, and that the diplomatic mission or international organization tolerated such actions.
(3) ACTION BY DIPLOMATIC MISSIONS OR INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS— The Secretary may suspend the application of the limitation under paragraph (2) if the Secretary determines and reports to the appropriate congressional committees that a mechanism is in place to ensure that such abuse or exploitation does not reoccur with respect to any alien employed by an employee of such mission or institution.
(b) Protections and Remedies for A-3 and G-5 Nonimmigrants Employed by Diplomats and Staff of International Organizations—
(1) IN GENERAL— The Secretary may not issue or renew an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa unless—
(A) the visa applicant has executed a contract with the employer or prospective employer containing provisions described in paragraph (2); and
(B) a consular officer has conducted a personal interview with the applicant outside the presence of the employer or any recruitment agent in which the officer reviewed the terms of the contract and the provisions of the pamphlet required under section 202.
(2) MANDATORY CONTRACT— The contract between the employer and domestic worker required under paragraph (1) shall include—
(A) an agreement by the employer to abide by all Federal, State, and local laws in the United States;
(B) information on the frequency and form of payment, work duties, weekly work hours, holidays, sick days, and vacation days; and
(C) an agreement by the employer not to withhold the passport, employment contract, or other personal property of the employee.
(3) TRAINING OF CONSULAR OFFICERS— The Secretary shall provide appropriate training to consular officers on the fair labor standards described in the pamphlet required under section 202, trafficking in persons, and the provisions of this section.
(4) RECORD KEEPING—
(A) IN GENERAL— The Secretary shall maintain records on the presence of nonimmigrants holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa in the United States, including—
(i) information about when the nonimmigrant entered and permanently exited the country of residence;
(ii) the official title, contact information, and immunity level of the employer; and
(iii) information regarding any allegations of employer abuse received by the Department of State.
(c) Protection From Removal During Legal Actions Against Former Employers—
(1) REMAINING IN THE UNITED STATES TO SEEK LEGAL REDRESS—
(A) EFFECT OF COMPLAINT FILING— Except as provided in subparagraph (B), if a nonimmigrant holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa working in the United States files a civil action under section 1595 of title 18, United States Code, or a civil action regarding a violation of any of the terms contained in the contract or violation of any other Federal, State, or local law in the United States governing the terms and conditions of employment of the nonimmigrant that are associated with acts covered by such section, the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall permit the nonimmigrant to remain legally in the United States for time sufficient to fully and effectively participate in all legal proceedings related to such action.
(B) EXCEPTION— An alien described in subparagraph (A) may be deported before the conclusion of the legal proceedings related to a civil action described in such subparagraph if such alien is—
(i) inadmissible under paragraph (2)(A)(i)(II), (2)(B), (2)(C), (2)(E), (2)(H), (2)(I), (3)(A)(i), (3)(A)(iii), (3)(B), (3)(C), or (3)(F) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)); or
(ii) deportable under paragraph (2)(A)(ii), (2)(A)(iii), (4)(A)(i), (4)(A)(iii), (4)(B), or (4)(C) of section 237(a) of such Act (8 U.S.C. 1227(a)).
(C) FAILURE TO EXERCISE DUE DILIGENCE— If the Secretary of Homeland Security, after consultation with the Attorney General, determines that the nonimmigrant holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa has failed to exercise due diligence in pursuing an action described in subparagraph (A), the Secretary may terminate the status of the A-3 or G-5 nonimmigrant.
(2) AUTHORIZATION TO WORK— The Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security shall authorize any nonimmigrant described in paragraph (1) to engage in employment in the United States during the period the nonimmigrant is in the United States pursuant to paragraph (1).
(d) Study and Report—
(1) INVESTIGATION REPORT—
(A) IN GENERAL— Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 2 years thereafter for the following 10 years, the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees on the implementation of this section.
(B) CONTENTS— The report submitted under subparagraph (A) shall include—
(i) an assessment of the actions taken by the Department of State and the Department of Justice to investigate allegations of trafficking or abuse of nonimmigrants holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa; and
(ii) the results of such investigations.
(2) FEASIBILITY OF OVERSIGHT OF EMPLOYEES OF DIPLOMATS AND REPRESENTATIVES OF OTHER INSTITUTIONS REPORT— Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary shall submit a report to the appropriate congressional committees on the feasibility of—
(A) establishing a system to monitor the treatment of nonimmigrants holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa who have been admitted to the United States;
(B) a range of compensation approaches, such as a bond program, compensation fund, or insurance scheme, to ensure that such nonimmigrants receive appropriate compensation if their employers violate the terms of their employment contracts; and
(C) with respect to each proposed compensation approach described in subparagraph (B), an evaluation and proposal describing the proposed processes for—
(i) adjudicating claims of rights violations;
(ii) determining the level of compensation; and
(iii) administering the program, fund, or scheme.
(e) Assistance to Law Enforcement Investigations— The Secretary shall cooperate, to the fullest extent possible consistent with the United States obligations under the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations, done at Vienna, April 18, 1961, (23 U.S.T. 3229), with any investigation by United States law enforcement authorities of crimes related to abuse or exploitation of a nonimmigrant holding an A-3 visa or a G-5 visa.
(f) Definitions— In this section:
(1) A-3 VISA— The term `A-3 visa' means a nonimmigrant visa issued pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(A)(iii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(A)(iii)).
(2) G-5 VISA— The term `G-5 visa' means a nonimmigrant visa issued pursuant to section 101(a)(15)(G)(v) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(G)(v)).
(3) SECRETARY— The term `Secretary' means the Secretary of State.
(4) APPROPRIATE CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES— The term `appropriate congressional committees' means—
(A) the Committee on Foreign Affairs and the Committee on the Judiciary of the House of Representatives; and
(B) the Committee on Foreign Relations and the Committee on the Judiciary of the Senate.

SEC. 204. RELIEF FOR CERTAIN VICTIMS PENDING ACTIONS ON PETITIONS AND APPLICATIONS FOR RELIEF.[edit]

Section 237 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1227) is amended by adding at the end the following:

`(d)(1) If the Secretary of Homeland Security determines that an application for nonimmigrant status under subparagraph (T) or (U) of section 101(a)(15) filed for an alien in the United States sets forth a prima facie case for approval, the Secretary may grant the alien an administrative stay of a final order of removal under section 241(c)(2) until—
`(A) the application for nonimmigrant status under such subparagraph (T) or (U) is approved; or
`(B) there is a final administrative denial of the application for such nonimmigrant status after the exhaustion of administrative appeals.
`(2) The denial of a request for an administrative stay of removal under this subsection shall not preclude the alien from applying for a stay of removal, deferred action, or a continuance or abeyance of removal proceedings under any other provision of the immigration laws of the United States.
`(3) During any period in which the administrative stay of removal is in effect, the alien shall not be removed.
`(4) Nothing in this subsection may be construed to limit the authority of the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney General to grant a stay of removal or deportation in any case not described in this subsection.'.

SEC. 205. EXPANSION OF AUTHORITY TO PERMIT CONTINUED PRESENCE IN THE UNITED STATES.[edit]

(a) Expansion of Authority—
(1) IN GENERAL— Section 107(c)(3) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(c)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
`(3) AUTHORITY TO PERMIT CONTINUED PRESENCE IN THE UNITED STATES—
`(A) TRAFFICKING VICTIMS—
`(i) IN GENERAL— If a Federal law enforcement official files an application stating that an alien is a victim of a severe form of trafficking and may be a potential witness to such trafficking, the Secretary of Homeland Security may permit the alien to remain in the United States to facilitate the investigation and prosecution of those responsible for such crime.
`(ii) SAFETY— While investigating and prosecuting suspected traffickers, Federal law enforcement officials described in clause (i) shall endeavor to make reasonable efforts to protect the safety of trafficking victims, including taking measures to protect trafficked persons and their family members from intimidation, threats of reprisals, and reprisals from traffickers and their associates.
`(iii) CONTINUATION OF PRESENCE— The Secretary shall permit an alien described in clause (i) who has filed a civil action under section 1595 of title 18, United States Code, to remain in the United States until such action is concluded. If the Secretary, in consultation with the Attorney General, determines that the alien has failed to exercise due diligence in pursuing such action, the Secretary may revoke the order permitting the alien to remain in the United States.
`(iv) EXCEPTION— Notwithstanding clause (iii), an alien described in such clause may be deported before the conclusion of the administrative and legal proceedings related to a complaint described in such clause if such alien is inadmissible under paragraph (2)(A)(i)(II), (2)(B), (2)(C), (2)(E), (2)(H), (2)(I), (3)(A)(i), (3)(A)(iii), (3)(B), or (3)(C) of section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)).
`(B) PAROLE FOR RELATIVES— Law enforcement officials may submit written requests to the Secretary of Homeland Security, in accordance with section 240A(b)(6) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)(6)), to permit the parole into the United States of certain relatives of an alien described in subparagraph (A)(i).
`(C) STATE AND LOCAL LAW ENFORCEMENT— The Secretary of Homeland Security, in consultation with the Attorney General, shall—
`(i) develop materials to assist State and local law enforcement officials in working with Federal law enforcement to obtain continued presence for victims of a severe form of trafficking in cases investigated or prosecuted at the State or local level; and
`(ii) distribute the materials developed under clause (i) to State and local law enforcement officials.'.
(2) EFFECTIVE DATE— The amendment made by paragraph (1)—
(A) shall take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act;
(B) shall apply to pending requests for continued presence filed pursuant to section 107(c)(3) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(c)(3)) and requests filed on or after such date; and
(C) may not be applied to an alien who is not present in the United States.
(b) Parole for Derivatives of Trafficking Victims— Section 240A(b) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1229b(b)) is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(6) RELATIVES OF TRAFFICKING VICTIMS—
`(A) IN GENERAL— Upon written request by a law enforcement official, the Secretary of Homeland Security may parole under section 212(d)(5) any alien who is a relative of an alien granted continued presence under section 107(c)(3)(A) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(c)(3)(A)), if the relative—
`(i) was, on the date on which law enforcement applied for such continued presence—
`(I) in the case of an alien granted continued presence who is under 21 years of age, the spouse, child, parent, or unmarried sibling under 18 years of age, of the alien; or
`(II) in the case of an alien granted continued presence who is 21 years of age or older, the spouse or child of the alien; or
`(ii) is a parent or sibling of the alien who the requesting law enforcement official, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, as appropriate, determines to be in present danger of retaliation as a result of the alien's escape from the severe form of trafficking or cooperation with law enforcement, irrespective of age.
`(B) DURATION OF PAROLE—
`(i) IN GENERAL— The Secretary may extend the parole granted under subparagraph (A) until the final adjudication of the application filed by the principal alien under section 101(a)(15)(T)(ii).
`(ii) OTHER LIMITS ON DURATION— If an application described in clause (i) is not filed, the parole granted under subparagraph (A) may extend until the later of—
`(I) the date on which the principal alien's authority to remain in the United States under section 107(c)(3)(A) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(c)(3)(A)) is terminated; or
`(II) the date on which a civil action filed by the principal alien under section 1595 of title 18, United States Code, is concluded.
`(iii) DUE DILIGENCE— Failure by the principal alien to exercise due diligence in filing a visa petition on behalf of an alien described in clause (i) or (ii) of subparagraph (A), or in pursuing the civil action described in clause (ii)(II) (as determined by the Secretary of Homeland Security in consultation with the Attorney General), may result in revocation of parole.
`(C) OTHER LIMITATIONS— A relative may not be granted parole under this paragraph if—
`(i) the Secretary of Homeland Security or the Attorney General has reason to believe that the relative was knowingly complicit in the trafficking of an alien permitted to remain in the United States under section 107(c)(3)(A) of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7105(c)(3)(A)); or
`(ii) the relative is an alien described in paragraph (2) or (3) of section 212(a) or paragraph (2) or (4) of section 237(a).'.