Yoga Sutras

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Yoga Sutras  (1912) 
by Patañjali, translated by Charles Johnston

The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali are an ancient, foundational text of Yoga. In Indian philosophy, Yoga is the name of one of the six orthodox philosophical schools. Though brief, the Yoga Sutras are an enormously influential work on yoga philosophy and practice, just as relevant today as when first composed. The Sanskrit word yoga, as used in the work, refers to a state of mind where thoughts and feelings are suspended or held in check (Sanskrit nirodha), and sutra means "thread". This is a reference to the thread of a Japa mala (Hindu prayer beads), upon which the aphorisms that make up the work are strung like beads. The title is sometimes rendered in English as the Yoga Aphorisms.

Excerpted from Yoga Sutras of Patanjali on Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This translation was made by Charles Johnston (1867-1931) [1] Translations from other sources available at


"The Book of the Spiritual Man"

An Interpretation By

Charles Johnston

Bengal Civil Service, Retired; Indian Civil Service, Sanskrit Prizeman; Dublin University, Sanskrit Prizeman

Introduction to Book I
Book I

Introduction to Book II
Book II

Introduction to Book III
Book III

Introduction to Book IV
Book IV

 This work is a translation and has a separate copyright status to the applicable copyright protections of the original content.


This work was published before January 1, 1928, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1928.

The longest-living author of this work died in 1931, so this work is in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 91 years or less. This work may be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.