Index:Our Sister Republic - Mexico.djvu

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
Transclusion_Status_Detection_Tool Library-logo-blue-outline.png View-refresh.svg

Our Sister Republic - Mexico.djvu

Pages   (key to Page Status)   

- - - frontispiece 001 002 003 004 005 006 007 008 009 010 011 012 013 014 015 016 017 018 - plate 019 020 021 022 023 024 025 026 027 028 029 030 031 032 033 034 035 036 037 038 039 040 041 042 043 044 045 046 047 048 049 050 051 052 053 054 055 056 057 058 059 060 061 062 063 064 065 066 067 068 069 070 071 072 073 074 075 076 077 078 079 080 081 082 083 084 085 086 087 088 089 090 091 092 093 094 095 096 097 098 099 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 - plate 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 plate - 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 plate - 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 - plate 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 plate - 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 adv adv adv adv - - -

Validated index page
 
 
 
 

CONTENTS.

Rule Segment - Span - 20px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 40px.svg Rule Segment - Flare Left - 12px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 5px.svg Rule Segment - Circle - 6px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 5px.svg Rule Segment - Flare Right - 12px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 20px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 40px.svg Rule Segment - Span - 20px.svg


 
 

Page.

 

Good-Bye to San Francisco—Chinese Sailors—Voyage down the Coast—Verdureless Mountains—Sunday Service at Sea—Wreck of the Golden City—Signal Rockets—The Montana—Meeting of Steamers at Night—Cape St. Lucas—Within the Tropics—A Desolate Region—Castor—Oil Whales—A Tropical Sunset at Sea—El Mar de Cortez—Arrival at Manzanillo—The Guest of Mexico—Washed up by the Sea—Sights and Scenes on Shore—Battle of Sharks and Alligators—Visitors from Colima—Gov. Cueva—Productions of Manzanillo—Tropical Fruits—Embarkation and Passage of the Flotilla up the Laguna de Cayutlan—A Charmed Circle—The Wealth of the Tropics—Wild-Flowers, Parrots and Alligators—Our Indian Rowers—Scene on the Beach—Dejected Mules—Crossing the Rio de Santa Maria—Indian Population—Battle-Ground of San Bartolo—The great Hacienda of La Calera—Life in the Tropics—Senor Huarte—Rural Mass and Sunday Scenes—Pigeon-English—Departure from La Calera—Our Coach and Six—The Custom-House Guard—Water Bearers of Mexico—Colima the Beautiful,

...49

 
 

Colima—Night Entrance to the Ancient City—The Music of Cortez—Is it a Revolution?—In Grenada or Damascus—View from the Balcony—The Valley of Colima—Picturesque Scenes on the Streets—The Plaza and Markets—The Gardens of the Tropics—Their Flowers and Fruits—The People and Resources of Colima—Productions of the Country—The Cocoa-nut—Agua de Cocoa—Coffee and Chocolate—Linoloe—Honors to Mr. Seward—Invitation to the Palace—A Brilliant and Beautiful Scene—The Ball and Banquet—Eloquent Address of Gov. Cueva—Mr. Seward's first Speech in Mexico—A Grand Fandango—The Cotton Factories and the Operatives—Ravages of War—Visit to the Public Schools—The State-Prison and Prisoners—Curious Christening Ceremonies—The Guard of Jalisco and their Commander,

...69

 
 

Farewell to Colima—Painful Scene at the U. S. Consulate—Departure of the Grand Cavalcade—The Country and the People—The Barranca

Country—Mr. Seward's Palanquin—Magnificent Scenery—Dinner with Gov. Vega at Tornila—The great Volcano of Colima—The Foot-Hills of the Sierra Madre—Tortilla Makers—Our Escort—The Guard of Jalisco on the March—Hacienda de San Marcos—Wild Night Scene—The Cavalcade by Torch Light—Great Barranca de Beltran—Fate of Gen. Arteaga—Historic Ground—Passage of the last of the Barrancas—Atenquiqui—An Indian Runner—Commerce of the Road—Crossing the Sierra Madre—Zapotlan—Soap-Factories—"Going the whole Hog"—A Mexican Wedding Party—Floral Decorations—Anecdote of Rojas—A Monopoly of Crime—How Local Revolutions are Managed—Victims of the Pronunciamentos,

94

 
 

Under a Cloud—Saints, Festivities and Bull-Fights—Wayside Crosses—A Land of Brigands, Plagiaros and Blood—Wholesale Shooting of Outlaws—A Magnificent Valley—Our Welcome at Seyula—Visit to the Public Schools—Interesting School Exhibition—Sunday Evening Ball—Mexican Beauties—The Birds of the Tropics—Indian Villages—Reception at Zacoalco—Battle Field of La Coronea—Defeat of the Imperialists—General Martinez—A terrible Pun—A Mexican Fonda and Mexican Cooking—Great Sugar Hacienda del Plan—Strange Sights on the Road—Kneeling Men and Women—The Century Plant—Tequila and its Effects—A Swell-Head—First View of Guadalajara—Reception and Entrance into the City—Guadalajara by Moonlight—The Old, Old Song,

116

 
 

Churches of Guadalajara—A Retreat from the World—The Music of Bells—The Great Cathedral—A Magnificent Altar—Paintings and Statuary—Strange Superstitions—Well-preserved Bishops—Great Hospital of San Miguel de Belan—Sisters of Charity—The Hospicio of Guadalajara and its Sixteen Hundred Inmates—The Chapel of the Hospicio—Public Schools of Jalisco—Girl's and Boy's High School—Library of Thirty Thousand old Books—School of Useful Arts—Musical Talent—Primary Schools—Beautiful Embroidery—The great Cemeterio de Bethlem—The Paseo de San Pedro—"A Pleasant Place to Visit"—Insecurity of Life and Property—A strange State of Society—Indian Embroiderers—Indian Statuary Makers of Tonila—Cotton Factories—The Theatre and Opera House—Sunday Bull-Fight—The Programme—The Amphitheatre—A Quiet Bull and his Fate—A Cowardly Bull—Enraged Audience—A Game-fellow—Lively Times—The Bull-Riders—The Bones of the Dead Past—Farewell Banquet to Mr. Seward—Eloquent Addreses—The Belles of Guadalajara,

155

 

Departure from Guadalajara—Killing Bandits—Ancient Bridge—Falls of the Rio Grande—Zapotlanejo—Results of Revolutions and Invasions—The Bridge of Calderon, where Hidalgo was Defeated—How the Indian Patriots Fought—Scene of one of Rojas' Butcheries—The Terror of Jalisco—Buying out an Establishment—The Grateful Merchant—TepotitIan—Jalos—Great Disproportion of the Sexes—Venta de Los Pagarros and how they Kill Robbers There—Great Central Plateau of Mexico—St John of the Lakes—Its great Church, and What I Saw in It—A Scene of Bewildering Beauty—Lagos and Its Churches—A Well-preserved Roman, and My Conclusions—Scenes in the Market Place—Pig-headed Mules—Arrival at Leon—The City and the People—Discounting a Miracle—The Feast of All-Saints—Pockets Picked and Charity Misconstrued—Narrow Escape from Bandits"—Tis Distance Lends Enchantment"—The Mines of La Luz—A Touching and Characteristic Scene—The Foot-Hills of Guanajuato,

180

 
 

Guanajuato— First View of the Triple City—Marfil—The Reservoirs—Senor Rocha and His Works—La Presa—El Buffa—The Silver District of Guanajuato— Statistics of the State—Improvements—Schools and Colleges—Gov. Antillon—The Mint and What is Done There—Castle of Grenaditas and its History—The Fate of Hidalgo— Street Peddlers and Their Wares—How the Poor People Live—Curious Scenes at the Markets—Heavy Stealings—Severe on the Clergy—College Examination—Beneficiating Silver Ores—The Great Mine of San Jose de Valenciano which has Produced Eight Hundred Million Dollars—Ruin and Desolation—A Deserted Mining Town—Immense Subterranean Works—The Great Shaft—A Game Padre—Fearful Murder—The Gentlemen of the Road—Generous Brigands—A Foreign Innovation—Mine of the Serrano—In the Tunnel—Pyrotechnical Display of Indescribable Grandeur—The Lower Depths—Sights Under Ground—How People Live and Die There—A Speechless Auctioneer,

211

 
 

Departure from Guanajuato—A Sand-River—A Beautiful and Fertile Country—Feudal Castles in the Nineteenth Century—Salamanca—The Late General Doblado—The Game of the Country—Celaya—Interesting Relics—A Mexican Woolen Factory—Artesian Well—Fountains—Salvatierra—A Chance for Railway Builders—Hacienda of Fifty Thousand Acres—A Poverty Stricken Population in the Richest Land on Earth—Abundance of Old Churches—Great Need of a Continental Railway—A Better Time Coming—Approach to the Historic City of Queretaro,

220

 

Arrival at Queretaro—All Quiet—How the Aqueduct was Built—The "Hercules" Cotton Factory and its Surroundings—First Class Operatives—The Procession of the Host—The Englishman's Mistake—That same old Mulo Story—Welcome to Mr. Seward—Scene of the Downfall of the Empire of Mexico—Popular Opinion of Maximilian and Carlotta—The Siege of Queretaro—Position of the Contending Armies—Desperation of Maximilian's Situation—His Offer, to Abandon His Army to Secure His Own Personal Safety—An Immediate Assault at all Points ordered by Escobedo—Was Lopez a Traitor?—Last Scene in the Conflict—How Maximilian Was Taken—His Hopes for Pardon—Conversation between Maximilian and Miramon—The Scene at the Cerro De Las Campanas—Execution of Maximilian, Miramon and Mejia—Was It Right, or Was It Not?—Visit to the last Scene in the Tragedy of the Empire of Mexico—All that Is Left of the Empire,

238

 
 

From Queretaro to Mexico—A Magnificent Agricultural Country—San Juan del Rio—Old Lava Fields—The Land of the Maguey—The Century Plant and what it Produces—Arroyo Zarco—The Rural Guard—Tepeji Del Rio—First View of the Valley of Mexico—The Blind Man and His Daughter—Lake Zupango—Pulque and the Pulqueries—Pig-Skins and How Procured—A Startling Resemblance—Reminiscence of White Pine—The Story of Downton and Gerry—A Family Resemblance—Sad Results of Business Reverses—The Valley of Mexico—Reception of Mr. Seward by the Cabinet of the President—Welcome to the Capital as the Nation's Guest by the Citizen President, Benito Juarez—In the City of Montezuma,

251

 
 

Mexico and Its Surroundings—Insecurity of the Roads—Excursion to La Canada—Visit to Tacubaya—The House of Gen. Urega, and Who I Found There—The American Cemetery—A Startling Inscription—The Gate of the Beam—The Grand Canal and Floating Gardens of Mexico—Scene of Guatamozin's Defeat—Church and Tree of the Noche Triste—The San Cosme Aqueduct—An Aztec Idol—How Police Matters are Managed—A Polito Thief—Popocatapetl and the Woman in White—The Survey by General Ochoa—Interior of the Crater—How Cortez Procured Powder—Dinner with Matias Romero—Dinner with the Family of President Juarez at Chapultepec—The Palace and Its Surroundings—Souvenirs of Maximilian—Poor Carlotta—The Feast of Belshazzar—

View from the Verandah of Chapultepec—Molina del Rey, Contreras and Churubusco—The Alameda of Mexico,

274

 
 

Revelings in the Halls of the Montezumas—Dinner at the House of Señor Lerdo—Toasts in Honor of President Grant—Address by Mr. Seward—Grand Banquet at the Palacio Nacional—What Was Said and Done There—An Era of Good Feeling—Speech by President Juarez—Speech by U. S. Minister Nelson—Mr. Lerdo's Response—Mr. Seward's Address—Altamerano the Indian Orator and His Eloquence—The Great Speech of the Occasion—Other Speeches and Toasts—Improvisional Poetry,

294

 
 

Excursion up the Grand Canal—A Small Water Party—A Jolly Time All Around—Picnic at an Indian Village—An Exciting Scene on the Return Trip—Free Baths and no End of Fun—Circus in an Old Convent—Opera and Theatre—Grand Closing Ball and Banquet—The Most Brilliant Scene Witnessed in America—Toasts and Speeches—The Darien Ship-Canal—Don Benito Juarez—His Personal Appearance and Characteristics—Curious Tradition and Coincidences—View of the Valley from Tacubaya,

308

 
 

Amid the Ruins of Empires—Behind the Scenes after the Play—Plunder from the Palace of Chapultepec—The "Theatrical Effects" Imported by Maximilian—His Carriages, Pictures, Plate, and Household Wardrobe—The Farce He Played in—Court Costumes and Imperial Decorations—His Gold and Silver Plate—His State Carriage and Billiard Tables—Maximilian's Court and Empire—His Fatal Mistake—The Archives of Mexico—Maximilian's Arrival in Mexico—The Mask Removed—The Black Flag Decree—The Apologists of Maximilian—The Records of the Empire and What They Prove—The Victims of the Black Flag Decree—Letters written by Generals Arteaga and Salazar just before Their Execution—Remonstrance of the Belgians—Aztec Relics—The Great Sacrifical Stone, etc.—A City Under a City—American Origin of the Aztecs—The House of Hernando Cortez—National Monte de Piedad of Mexico—The Model Pawnbroker's Shop of the World—Five Millions Dollars Worth of Jewels and Plate in one Room—The Sword of General Valencia and Jewels of Isabella the Catholic, on Pawn—A Commentary on Human Pride and Ambition,

341

 

Religion and the Arts—Our Lady of Guadaloupe—How the Virgin Appeared as an Indian "Woman to Juan Diego—Story of the Apparition and the Erection of the Church and Chapel—Our Lady of the Remedios—The Shrine of Guadaloupe, and the great Annual Pilgrimage to it—A Visit to the Church—Scenes Outside and Inside—Sale of Books and Charms—The old Bell-Makers—The Offering of a Spanish Rover—The Miraculous Fountain—Boring for Oil—A Religious Picnic—Home of the Inquisition and Plaza de San Domingo—The Protestant Missions in Mexico—Protestantism—Statement of Rev. H. Chauncey Riley and His Appeal for Funds in Aid of the Work—The National School of Art and Design—Pictures Old and New—The Art Galleries—Department of Coins and Medals—The College of Mines—Rare Collection of Minerals,

364

 
 

Social Condition and Customs—The Women of Mexico—Their Character and Social Condition—Curious Phases of Social Life—The Children of Mexico—Trade of the City—The Beggars—The Ancient Customs and Superstitions of Southern Europe—The Evil Eye—Hospitable Treatment of Guests—Courtesy Misconstrued—The Story of Uncle Freddy, alias Washington the Second—Norton the First—The Chinese Princess—How Uncle Freddy Became the Guest of Mexico—Foreigners in Mexico—Sharp Business Transactions—Devotion of the Women and Their Sympathy for the Unfortunate—How Mr. Fitch was Swindled—Honoring the Uniform—Mr. Seward's Fossil Elephant and what became of it—Politeness of the Servants—Census Taking in Mexico,

391

 
 

The Soldiers of Mexico—The Invalid Corps—The Press—Literary and Musical Attainments—A Persevering Printer—Immigration—Public Improvements—The Great Need of Mexico—The Political Situation—Its Hopeful and its Discouraging Aspects—Moral Responsibility of the United States—Advocates of Annexation—A Plea for Mexico,

405

 
 

Departure from the Capital—By Rail to Puebla—The Pulque Country—The Pyramids of Tehuacan—Battle Field of Otumba—The Grandest Mountains of the Continent—Orizaba, Popocatépetl, La Muger En Blanco and the Malinchi—The City of Puebla by Daylight and Moonlight—War's Desolation—Siege and Capture of Puebla—Cinco De

Mayo—The Pronunciamento of the Sierra—Excursion to the Ancient City of Tlaxcala—The Castles of the Four great Chiefs of the Tlaxcalan Republic—The Banner of Cortez and Ancient Archives—The Secret of the Gold Placers—The Virgin of Tlaxcala—The Oldest Church on the Continent—The Miracle of Tlaxcala—Carrying Dead-Heads—An Excursion to Cholula—Novel and Enthusiastic Reception—The Music of Other Days—Mr. Seward's Address to the Cholulans—Time's Revenges—Strange Commingling of the Past and Present—The Great Pyramid—A New Theory Concerning It—The Cathedral of Puebla—Its Wonderful Wealth and Beauty—Other Objects of Interest—Buried Treasure—An Imposition—Guatamozin's Last Will—Protestantism in Puebla,

440

 
 

From Puebla to Orizaba—Last Diligence Ride in Mexico—Amazoc and Its Iron-Workers—Eccentricities of the People—Bargaining for Spurs—A Mexican Bridge-Builder—An Aztec Tower and Sun-Dial—Daring Feat of a Guerrilla,—The Home of the Palm and the Maguey—A Colored Gentleman in Mexico—Buying Cigars—The Rural Guard—A Change of Scene—Las Cumbres—Wonderful Scenery—Descent into the Tierra Caliente—Orizaba,

452

 
 

A City with a Past and Future but No Present—Grass-Grown Streets—The Indian Packers and How They Take in Ballast—Battle-Scarred Churches—Outrages Committed by Maximilian's Troops—The French Colonel—A Woman's Revenge—Curious Christmas Festivities—Playing the Devil—A Whole Community Gambling—Stoicism of the Losers—The Falls of the Rincon Grande—A Tropical Paradise—Hacienda de San Antonio and How They Make Sugar—Coffee Plantations—Resources of Mexico—The Great Conducta—Its Encampment at Orizaba and March to Vera Cruz—How Silver is Carried and Handled in Mexico—The Indian Specie-Counters at Vera Cruz—Reminiscence of the Mexican War,

473

 
 

Resting at Orizaba—Ascent of the Sierra Borregas—Visit to an Indian Village—Departure for Vera Cruz—Magnificent Scenery of the Chiquihuite Pass—The Great Railway Bridge—Reception at Vera Cruz—The Specialities of the City—Souvenirs of Past Conflicts—The Zapilotes—A Lively Hotel—Lotteries—The Chain-Gang—A Private Quarrel—Curious

Statistics—An Unpopular Institution—Steamer Arrival—A Mixed Cargo—Sunday Amusements in Vera Cruz—Bear and For Bear—How the California Bear Sampson Entertained the Mexican Bull—Amateur Bull-Fighting—The Amateur's Story of His Experiences—The Castle of San Juan de Ulloa—What it was and What it is—A Great Work in Ruins—The Dungeons and Political Prisoners—The Fate of General Castillo—"Who Enters Here Leaves Hope Behind—Mementoes of the Last French Invasion—The Perplexities of the Author—The Ranchero and His Pig—The Horse and the Zapilotes—Which Whipped?

508

 
 

Mr. Seward's Farewell Letters to the Members of the Juarez Government and Others—Voyage from Vera Cruz to Yucatan—Sisal—Its People, Trade and Specialities—The Highest-Roofed Theatre on Earth—Visitors from Merida—Letter from the Governor of Yucatan—Our Last View of Mexico Adios!

520