A Chinese Biographical Dictionary/Chang Ch'ang

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21Chang Ch'ang 張敞 (T. 子高). Died B.C. 48. A distinguished scholar and official, who flourished under the Emperor Yüan Ti of the Han dynasty. He first attracted attention by denouncing the irregular conduct of the Prince of 昌邑 Ch'ang-i, who was promptly disgraced upon his representations. He became Governor of Shan-yang in Shantung, and successfully coped with the brigandage and rebellious spirit which prevailed; and in B.C. 61 was promoted to be Governor of the Metropolitan District. In this capacity he took part in all the councils of State; and his advice, based upon his wide knowledge of history, was always received with deference. In every way he ruled wisely and well; and it was said that, owing to his vigilance, "the alarm drum was not struck for nine years." He then became mixed up in the affair of Yang Yün, and was dismissed from office. Whereupon there was such an increase of seditious manifestations throughout 冀 Chi-chou in Chihli, that the Emperor appointed him Governor of that District, and the disturbances came at once to an end. He died just as the Emperor Yüan was about to bestow upon him further honours. He was especially famous for his acquaintance with the early forms of Chinese characters, and for his profound knowledge of the Spring and Autumn Annals. He made a practice of painting his wife's eyebrows; and when the Emperor rallied him on the point, he replied that this was a matter of the highest importance to women.