A Roster of General Officers
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HEADS OF DEPARTMENTS,
MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, &c., &c.,
CONFEDERATE SERVICE DURING THE WAR BETWEEN THE STATES.
CHARLES C. JONES. JR.
Late Lieut. Colonel of Artillery, C. S. A.
SOUTHERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY.
In consequence of the general loss and destruction of Confederate records, and a refusal on the part of the War Department to permit free access to such as have been preserved at Washington, the preparation of the following Roster was environed with no inconsiderable difficulty. The accompanying pages embody the result of much toil and inquiry. Fortunately many important wax documents, original returns and official reports still exist in private hands, and from them material aid has been derived. In not a few instances the necessary information touching the commissions and commands of general officers has been obtained either from the officers themselves or from the friends of such as fell in the Confederate struggle, or have since died. While perfectness cannot be claimed for it, this Roster may nevertheless be accepted as nearly complete. No labor like the present having been as yet attempted, it is offered in the hope that it will supply an existing deficiency and prove a convenient roll of the Confederate Dramatis Personæ of the greatest of modern Revolutions—of which, in the language of Phinius Minor, it may be truthfully affirmed,
CHARLES C. JONES, Jr.
New York City, May 1st, 1876.
THE PRESIDENT AND VICE PRESIDENT.
His Excellency Jefferson Davis, Mississippi, President of the Confederate States and Commander-in-Chief of the Army and Navy.
Hon. Alexander H. Stephens, Georgia, Vice President of the Confederate States and President of the Senate.
THE PRESIDENT'S MILITARY FAMILY.
Colonel Joseph R. Davis, Mississippi, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry; in 1863 entered the field as Brigadier-General.
Colonel G. W. Custis Lee, Virginia, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry; subsequently entered the field and rose to the grade of Major-General.
Colonel Joseph C. Ives, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry.
Colonel Wm. Preston Johnston, Kentucky, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry.
Colonel Wm. M. Browne, Georgia, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry; subsequently entered the field and rose to the grade of Brigadier-General.
Colonel John Taylor Wood, Louisiana, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry.
Colonel James Chestnut, Jr., South Carolina, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry; subsequently entered the field and rose to the grade of Brigadier-General.
Colonel Francis R. Lubbock, Texas, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry; also a Confederate Governor of Texas.
Robert Josselyn, Mississippi, Private Secretary to the President during the Provisional Government.
Burton N. Harrison, Mississippi, Private Secretary to the President during the Permanent Government.
Colonel John M. Huger, A.D.C., with rank of Colonel of Cavalry.
Colonel John B. Sale, Military Secretary, with rank of Colonel of Cavalry, to General Braxton Bragg, who was assigned to duty at the Seat of Government at Richmond, and, under the direction of the President, was charged with the conduct of military operations in the armies of the Confederacy. See General Orders, No. 23, A. and I. General's office, Richmond, Virginia, February 24th, 1864. Colonel Sale was thus brought into intimate relationship with the President's military family.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE.
Hon. Robert Toombs, Georgia, First Secretary of State; subsequently entered the Confederate army with the rank of Brigadier-General; also a Delegate to Provisional Congress.
Hon. R. M. T. Hunter, Virginia, succeeded General Toombs as Secretary of State; Delegate to Provisional Congress and Confederate Senator from Virginia.
Hon. Judah P. Benjamin, Louisiana, succeeded Mr. Hunter as Secretary of State.
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE.
Hon. Judah P. Benjamin, Louisiana, first Attorney General.
Hon. Thomas Bragg, North Carolina, second Attorney General.
Hon. T. H. Watts, Alabama, third Attorney-General; subsequently elected Governor of Alabama.
Hon. George Davis, North Carolina, fourth Attorney-General; Delegate to Provisional Congress, Senator from North Carolina, &c.
Hon. Wade Keys, Assistant Attorney-General.
Hon. Charles G. Memminger, South Carolina, first Secretary of the Treasury.
Hon. George A. Trenholm, South Carolina, second Secretary of the Treasury.
Hon. E. C. Elmore, Alabama, Treasurer.
Hon. Philip Clayton, Georgia, Assistant Secretary of the Treasury.
Lewis Cruger, South Carolina, Comptroller and Solicitor.
Bolling Baker, Georgia, First Auditor.
Robert Tyler, Virginia, Register.
Hon. Leroy P. Walker, Alabama, first
Secretary of War; afterwards entered the army with the rank of Brigadier-General.
Hon. Judah P. Benjamin, Louisiana, second Secretary of War; also Secretary of State and Attorney-General.
Hon. George W. Randolph, Virginia, third Secretary of War; at one time in the army with the rank of Brigadier-General.
Hon. James A. Seddon, Virginia, fourth Secretary of War; Delegate from Virginia to Provisional Congress.
Major-General John C. Breckinridge, Kentucky, fifth Secretary of War; summoned from the field [where he was serving with the rank and command of a Major-General] to discharge the duties of this office.
Colonel I. M. St. John, of Georgia, was First Chief of the Nitre and Mining Corps, and held the position until he was promoted and made Commissary General in the early part of 1865.
Colonel Morton was the Assistant of Colonel St. John, and was made Chief of the Bureau upon his transfer.
Albert Taylor Bledsoe, LL. D., Virginia, Assistant Secretary of War.
Hon. John A. Campbell, Louisiana, Assistant Secretary of War.
General Samuel Cooper, Virginia, Adjutant and Inspector General.
Colonel A. C. Myers, first Quartermaster-General.
Brigadier-General A. R. Lawton, Georgia, second Quartermaster-General; summoned from the field, where he was serving with the rank and command of Brigadier-General, to discharge the duties of this office.
Colonel L. B. Northrup, South Carolina, first Commissary-General.
Colonel L. M. St. John, second Commissary-General; afterwards promoted to the grade of Brigadier-General.
Colonel Josiah Gorgas, Virginia, Chief of Ordnance; afterwards promoted to the grade of Brigadier-General.
Colonel T. S. Rhett, in charge of the Ordnance Bureau.
Colonel J. F. Gilmer, North Carolina, Chief of the Engineer Bureau; afterwards promoted to the grade of Major-General.
Colonel S. P. Moore, M. D., South Carolina, Surgeon-General; afterwards promoted to the grade of Brigadier-General.
Colonel John S. Preston, South Carolina, Chief of the Bureau of Conscription; afterwards promoted to the grade of Brigadier-General.
Colonel T. P. August, Superintendent of the Bureau of Conscription.
Brigadier-General John H. Winder, Maryland, Commanding Prison Camps and Provost Marshal General.
Colonel Robert Ould, Virginia, Chief of the Bureau of Exchange.
Colonel Richard Morton, Chief of the Nitre and Mining Bureau.
Colonel R. G. H. Kean, Chief of the Bureau of War.
Lieutenant-Colonel I. H. Carrington, Virginia, Assistant Provost Marshal General, on duty at Richmond, Virginia.
Colonel Thomas L. Bayne, Louisiana, Chief of the Bureau of Foreign Supplies.
Hon. Stephen R. Mallory, Florida, Secretary of the Navy.
Captain French Forrest, Virginia, Chief of the Bureau of Orders and Detail.
Commander John M. Brooke, Florida, Chief of the Bureau of Ordnance and Hydrography.
POST OFFICE DEPARTMENT.
Hon. John H. Reagan, Texas, Postmaster-General; Delegate from Texas to the Provisional Congress.
H. St. George Offutt, Virginia, Chief of Contract Bureau.
B. N. Clements, Tennessee, Chief of Bureau of Appointment.
J. L. Harrell, Alabama, Chief of Finance Bureau.
Colonel Rufus R. Rhodes, Mississippi, Commissioner of Patents.