An Etymological Dictionary of the German Language/Annotated/Schiedsrichter

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An Etymological Dictionary of the German Language, S  (1891)  by Friedrich Kluge, translated by John Francis Davis
Schiedsrichter

Schiedsrichter, masculine, ‘arbiter,’ Modern High German only, in Middle High German schideman; allied to Middle High German schit (genitive schides), ‘judicial decision,’ akin to Old High German scidôn, ‘to separate, distinguish, decide.’ The Teutonic root skiþ is connected with scheiden.