Bibliography of the Printed Writings of Sir William Petty (Hull 1899)

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BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE PRINTED WRITINGS
OF SIR WILLIAM PETTY[1].

 


[1.]A | declaration | Concerning the newly invented | Art of | double writing | Wherein are expressed the reasons of the | Authors proceedings in procuring a Priviledge for | the same: As also of the Time, Manner, and | Price, of the discovery of the said | Art, and of the Instruments | belonging thereunto. | For the satisfaction of all that desire to | be partakers of the great benefit of the same, | before they adventure anything towards | the reward thereof. | Whereunto is annexed a copie of an Ordi-|nance of both Houses of Parliament, approving the | feasibility and great use of the said invention, and allow-|ing a Priviledge to the Inventor, for the sole benefit there-|of for 14 years, upon the penalty of one hundred pounds. | [Ornament.]

London, | Printed by R. L. for R. W. at the Star under Saint Peters Church in Cornhill, 1648.

Title, 1 l. pp. 1—10, 4º.

 

[2.][Begin.] THere is invented an Instrument of small bulk and price...[end] Saint Peters Church in Cornhill.

Broadside, folio, no date. It mentions the Declaration as already printed and requests contributors to pay their money to the inventor at——. In the British Museum copy the blank is filled in with a pen, "his lodging next doore to the White Boare in Lothbury."

 

[3 a.]The | advice | of | W. P. | to | Mr. Samuel Hartlib. | For | The Advancement of some particu-|lar Parts of Learning. | [Ornament.]

London, Printed Anno Dom. 1648.

Title, 1 l., advertisement, 1 l., epistle dedicatory 1 l., pp. 1—26, 4º.——The epistle is dated: London the 8 January. 1647/8.

 

[3 b.]Same, in The Harleian Miscellany... Vol. vi.

London: Printed for T. Osborne, in Gray's-Inn. MDCCXLV [1745]. 4º.—Pp. 1—13.

 

[3 c.]Same, in The Harleian miscellany... with... annotations, by the late William Oldys,... and... Thomas Park... Vol. vi.

London: printed for White and Co., and John Murray, Fleet Street; and John Harding, St. James's Street. 1810. 4º.—Pp. 1—14.

 

[3 d.]Same, in The Harleian miscellany... with historical, political, and critical notes. vi.

London: printed for Robert Dutton, Gracechurch-Street. 1810. 8º.—Pp. 141—158.

 

[4]A | brief | of | proceedings | between | Sr. Hierom Sankey | and | Dr. William Petty. | With | The State of the Controversie | between them | Tendered to all Indifferent Persons. | [Ornament.]

London. | Printed in the Year, M.DC.L.IX. [1659].

Title, 1 l., to the reader, 1 l., pp. 1—8, f°.

 

[5 a.]Reflections | upon some | Persons and Things | in | Ireland, | by | Letters to and from Dr Petty: | with | Sir Hierome Sankey's Speech | in | Parliament.

London, | Printed for John Martin, James Allestreye, and | Thomas Dicas, and are to be sold at the | Bell in St. Paul's-Church-Yard. 1660.

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—142, 147—162, 159—185, contents, 6 ll., 8°.——The pages of signature K, which should be 143—158, are all numbered four too high.

 

[5 b.]Reflections | upon some | persons and things | in | Ireland, | by | letters to and from | Dr. Petty: | with | Sir Hierom Sankey's speech | in | parliament.

Dublin: | printed by Zachariah Jackson, | For Grueber, and M'Allister, No. 59, Dame-Street. | 1790.

Pp. [i]—xxiv. 1—187, 8°.

 

[6 a.]A | treatise | of | Taxes & Contributions. | Shewing the Nature and Measures of | Crown-Lands. | Assessements. | Customs. | Poll-Moneys. | Lotteries. | Benevolence. | Penalties. | Monopolies. | Offices. | Tythes. | Raising of Coins. | Harth-Money. | Excize, &c. | With several intersperst Discourses and Digressions concerning | Warres. The Church. | Universities. | Rents & Purchases. | Usury & Exchange. | Banks & Lombards. | Registries for Con-|veyances. | Beggars. | Ensurance. | Exportation of Money. / Wool. | Free-Ports. | Coins. | Housing. | Liberty of Con-|science, &c. | The same being frequently applied to the pre-|sent State and Affairs of | Ireland.

London, Printed for N. Brooke, at the Angel in Cornhill. 1662.

Title, 1 l., preface 3 ll., index 4 ll., pp. 1—75, errata, 1 l. 4°.

 

[6 b.]A | treatise | of | Taxes & Contributions. | Shewing the Nature and Measures of | Crown-Lands, | Assesments, | Customs, | Poll-Moneys, | Lotteries, | Benevolence, | Penalties, | Monopolies, | Offices, | Tythes, | Raising of Coins, | Harth-Money, | Excize, &c. | With several intersperst Discourses and Digressions concerning | Warrs, | The Church, | Universities, | Rents and Purchases, | Usury and Exchange, | Banks and Lombards, | Registries for Con-|veyances, | Beggars, | Ensurance, | Exportation of Money, / Wool, | Free-Ports, | Coins, | Housing, | Liberty of Conscience, &c. | The same being frequently applied to the present | State and Affairs of Ireland.

London Printed for Nath Brooke, at the Angel for-|merly in Cornhill, now in Gresham-College, going into the | Exchange from Bishopgatestreet. 1667.

Title, 1 l., preface, 3 ll., index, 4 ll., pp. 1—72, 4°.

 

[6 c.]A | treatise | of | Taxes and Contributions. | Shewing the Nature and Measures of | Crown-Lands, | Assesments, | Customs, | Poll-Moneys, | Lotteries, | Benevolence, | Penalties, | Monopolies, | Offices, | Tythes, | Raising of Coins, | Harth-Money, | Excise, &c. | With several intersperst Discourses and Digressions concerning | Warrs, | The Church, | Universities, | Rents and Purchases, | Usury and Exchange, | Banks and Lombards, | Registries for Conveyances. | Beggars, | Ensurance, Exportation of Money, / Wool, | Free Ports, | Coins, | Housing, | Liberty of Conscience, &c. | The same being frequently applied to the State and Affairs of | Ireland, and is now thought seasonable for the present Af-|fairs of England.

London, Printed for Obadiah Blagrave, at the Sign of | the Bear in St. Paul's Church-Yard, over against | the Little North-Door 1679.

Title, 1 l., preface, 3 ll., index, 4 ll., pp. 1—72, 4°.

 

[6 d.]A | treatise | of | Taxes and Contributions. | Shewing the Nature and Measures of | Crown-Lands | Assessments, | Customs, | Poll-Moneys, | Lotteries, | Benevolence, | Penalties, | Monopolies, | Offices, | Tythes, | Raising of Coins, | Harth-Money, | Excise, &c. | With several intersperst Discourses and Digressions concerning | Wars | The Church, | Universities, | Rents and Purchaces, | Usury and Exchange, | Banks and Lombards, | Registers for Conveyances, | Beggars, | Ensurance, | Exportation of Money, / Wool, | Free Ports, | Coins, | Housing, | Liberty of Conscience, &c. | The same being frequently applied to the State and Affairs of | Ireland, and is now thought seasonable for the present Affairs of England. | The Third [sic] Edition.

London, Printed for Obadiah Blagrave, at the Sign of the Bear | in St. Paul's Church-Yard, over against the Little North Door. 1685.

Title, in a double-lined border, 1 l., preface, 3 ll., index, 4 ll., pp. 1—72, 4°. —— Apparently a reissue of the edition of 1679, with a new title page. Copies of this ed. are also bound in the following:

 

[6 e.]A | collection | Of three | state tracts: | I. The Privileges and Practice of Parliaments, &c. | II. The Politician discovered, or Considerations of the | Late Pretensions of France to England and Ireland; | and their Plots in order thereunto. | III. A Treatise of Taxes and Contributions, shewing | the Natures and Measures thereof, particularly | fitted for the State of Ireland. | Written, | By Sir William Petty of Ireland.

London, | Sold by O. Blagrave at the Bear and Star | in St. Paul's Church-yard. 1696.

This book consists of copies of: 1st, Privileges and practice of parliaments in England. collected out of the common Law of this land. London: Robert Harford, 1680 [first printed in 1628], 2 ll., pp. 1—44; 2nd, The politician discovered, or considerations [etc]. By a true protestant and well-wisher of his countrey. London: Langley Curtis, 1681; 1 l., pp. 1—28, 1—23; 3rd, the "third" ed. of Petty's Treatise. London: Obadiah Blagrave, 1685 (see no. 6d above). Each of these tracts has its separate title-page, pagination, and signatures; they are simply bound together, preceded by a copper plate representing the two houses of Parliament in session, and a title-page as above.

 

[6 f.]A | discourse | of | taxes and contributions; | Shewing the Nature and Measures, of | Crown-Lands, | Assesments, | Customs, | Poll-Moneys, | Lotteries, | Benevolence, | Penalties, | Monopolies, | Offices, | Tythes, | Hearth, | Excise, &c. | With several intersperst Discourses and Digressions concerning | Wars, | The Church, | Universities | Rents and Purchases, | Usury and Exchange, | Banks and Lombards, | Registries for Con-|veyances, | Beggars, | Ensurance, | Exportation of Money, / Wooll, | Free Ports, | Coins, | Housing. | Liberty of Conscience, &c. | The same being frequently applied to the State and Affairs | of Ireland, and is now thought seasonable for the pre-|sent Affairs of England; humbly recommended to the | present parliament.

London, | Printed for Edward Poole, at the Ship, over against the | Royal Exchange in Cornhill, 1689.

Title, 1 l., preface, 3 ll., index, 4 ll., pp. 1—72, 4º. —— A reissue of the 1679 edition (6 c) with a new title-page.

 

[6 g.]See 27.

 

[7 a.]An apparatus to the history of the common practices of Dying. By Sir William Petty. In The | history | of the | RoyalSociety | of | London, | For the Improving of | Natural Knowledge. | By | Tho. Sprat.

London, | Printed by T. R. for J. Martyn at the Bell without | Temple-bar, and J. Allestry at the Rose and Crown in | Ducklane, Printers to the Royal Society. | M DC LXVII [1667]. 4º.—Pp. 284—306.

 

[7 b.]Same, in The history of the Royal-Society... The Second Edition Corrected.

London: Printed for Rob. Scot, Ri. Chiswell, Tho. Chapman, and Geo. Sawbridge. And are to be sold by Them, and by Tho. Bennet 1702. 4º.—Pp. 284-306.

 

[7 c.]Same, in The history of the Royal Society... The Third Edition Corrected. [Ornament.]

London: Printed for Samuel Chapman at the Angel and Crown in Pallmall. MDCCXXII [1722]. 4º.—Pp. 284—306.

 

[7 d.]Same, in The history of the Royal Society... The Fourth Edition. [Ornament]

London: Printed for J. Knapton, J. Walthoe, D. Midwinter, J. Tonson, A. Bettesworth and C. Hitch, R. Robinson, F. Clay, B. Motte, A. Ward, D. Brown, and T. Longman. M DCC XXXIV [1734] 4º.—Pp. 284—306.

 

[7 e.]L'Histoire de la Pratique ordinaire de la Teinture par le Chevalier Gvillavme Petty. In L'histoire | de la | Societé [sic] | Royale | de | Londres, | Establie pour l'Enrichissement de la | science natvrelle | Escrite en Anglois par | Thomas Sprat, | Et traduite en Francois. | [Woodcut.]

A Geneve, | Pour Iean Herman Widerhold. | M. DC. LXIX [1669]. 8º.—Pp. 346—374.

 

[8.]The | discourse | Made before the | Royal Society | The 26. of November 1674. | Concerning the Use of | Duplicate Proportion | In sundry Important Particulars: | Together with a | New Hypothesis of Springing | or Elastique Motions. | By Sir William Petty, Kt. | Fellow of the said Society. | Pondere, Mensurâ, & Numero Deus omnia fecit: | Mensuram & Pondus Numeres, Numero omnia | fecit.

London: | Printed for John Martyn, Printer to the | Royal Society, at the Bell in | St. Paul's Churchyard, 1674.

1 l., recto blank, verso order of Royal Society to print, title, 1 l., epistles dedicatory, 13 ll., errata, 1 l, pp. 1—135, 12º. —— The order of the Royal Society to print is dated 10 December, 1674, the epistle to Lord Brouncker is dated " ult. Decemb."

 

[9.]Colloquim | Davidis | cum anima sua, (Accinente Paraphrasim in 104 Psalmum) | De Magnalibus dei. | 25º Martii 1678. fecit | Cassid. Avrevs Minvtivs. | Imprimatur, | Guil. Jane. | August 31. 1678. | [Ornament.]

Londini, | Impensis Thomæ Burrell, Bibliopolæ, ad Insigne Pilæ auratæ, sub | Templo Scti Dunstani in Vico vulgò vocato Fleet-street. | M DC LXX IX [1679].

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—6. fº. —— The occasion of this translation is described on p. xxviii of the Introduction.

 

[10 a.]Sir William Petty's | Quantulumcunque concerning Money, 1682. | To the Lord Marquess of Halyfax.

[At end:] London, Printed in the Year 1695.

No title-page, pp. 1—8, 4º. —— The above caption stands at the top of page 1, which is also signature A. None of the five copies that I have seen shows any trace of a former title-page. Three have and two have not "Price 2d." at the end of the text. Cf. p. 448. There was, apparently, another edition in 1695, printed for A. and J. Churchill (see McCulloch's reprint below, no. 10 e) but I have not been able to find a copy of it.

"A Complete Catalogue of all Books lately Printed concerning the Coin," which is appended to Proposals for a National Bank, setting forth how Three Millions of Pounds may be raised...(London, Printed for Richard Cumberland, at the Angel in S. Paul's Church-Yard, 1697), mentions, as no. 22 on p. 46, "Sir William Petty's Quantulumcunque concerning Money, 1612. 2 sheets in 8vo." McCulloch's Literature of Political Economy, p. 155, cites "Quantulumcunque; or a Tract concerning Money, addressed to the Marquis of Halifax, by Sir William Petty. 4º. (London) 1682." I have found no copy of an edition of 1682, either in octavo or in quarto.

 

[10 b.]Observations | relating to the | coin | of | Great Britain, | consisting | Partly of Extracts from Mr Locke's Treatise concerning Money, but chiefly | of such Additions thereto, as are thought to be very necessary at this | Juncture: not only for remedying the present great Scarcity of Silver, | but for putting a stop to those Losses which this Nation suffers by the | over-valuing of Gold-Money, and by prohibiting both the Melting and | Exporting of British Coin: | Whereunto is annexed, | Sir William Petty's | Quantulumcunque | concerning | money, | Reprinted from an Edition that was printed for private Use in the Year 1695; | and corrected by a Manuscript Copy of very good authority. By J. Massie.

London: | Printed for T. Payne, in Castle-Street, Charing Cross; | Sold by | W. Owen at Temple-Bar, and | C. Henderson, under the Royal Exchange. | MDCCLX [1760] | (Price One Shilling.)

On p. 32 begins Sir William Petty his Quantulumcunque concerning Money, "reprinted from an Edition that was printed for private Use in the Year 1695, and corrected by a Manuscript Copy of very good Authority." Cf. p. 438.

 

[10 c.]Same, in A collection of scarce and valuable tracts, on the most Interesting and Entertaining Subjects:... Selected from... Public, as well as Private Libraries; Particularly that of the late Lord Somers. Revised by eminent hands. Vol iv.

London: Printed for F. Cogan, at the Middle-Temple-Gate, in Fleet Street. M DCC XLVIII [1748]. 4º.—Pp. 73—79.

 

[10 d.]Same, etc ., in A collection of scarce and valuable tracts... The second edition, revised, augmented, and arranged, by Walter Scott, Esq. Volume eighth.

London: Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies, Strand... 1812. 4º.—Pp. 472—477.

 

[10 e.]Sir William Petty | his | Quantulumcunque | concerning | money. | To the Lord Marquess of Halyfax, | Anno 1682.

London: | Printed for A. and J. Churchill, at the | Black Swan, in Paternoster Row, 1695.

In A | select collection | of | scarce and valuable | tracts on money, | from the originals of | Vaughan, Cotton, Petty, Lowndes, Newton, | Prior, Harris, and others. | With a preface, notes, and index. | [Quotation, 4 lines ]

London: | printed for the | Political Economy Club. | MDCCCLVI [1856]. 8º.—Pp. 157—167.

One hundred and twenty-five copies printed by the Political Economy Club of London for distribution among its members and their immediate friends. The tracts contained in the volume were taken from originals supplied by J. R. McCulloch, who also contributed the preface and notes.

 

[11.]The | fourth part | of the | Present State | of | England. | Relating | To its Trade and Commerce within it self, and | with all Countries traded to by the English, as | it is found at this Day Established, giving a most | exact account of the Laws and Customs of Merchants relating to Bills of Exchange, Policies of | Ensurance, Fraights, Bottomery, Wreck, Ave-|ridge, Contributions, Customs, Coyns, Weights, | Measures, and all other matters relating to Inland | and Marine affairs. | To which is likewise added Englands Guide to In-|dustry, or Improvement of Trade, for the good | of all People in General. | Written by a Person of Quality [i.e. Sir William Petty].

London, Printed by R. Holt for William Whitwood, | near the George Inn in Little Britain, 1683.

Title, 1 l., To the Reader, signed: J.S., 1 l., contents, 4 ll., pp. 1—362, followed by:

England's | guide | to | industry: | or, | Improvement of Trade, | for the good of all Peo- | ple in general. | London, | Printed by R. Holt for T. Passinger at | the three Bibles on London-Bridge, and | B. Took at the Ship in St Pauls- Church- | Yard. 1683.

Title, 1 l., preface, 5 ll., pp. 1—102, 12º. —— Page 1 of England's Guide has this caption: " A Discourse of Trade. Being a Comparison between England and other parts of Europe, wherein the Incouragement of Industry is promoted in these Islands of Great Britain and Ireland." England's Guide to Industry is a surreptitious issue of Petty's Political Arithmetick. Cf. p. 238 and pp. 122—123 of this book. In fact the whole Fourth Part of the Present State of England is fraudulent, cf. Wood, Athenæ Oxon., ed. Bliss, iv. 793.

 

[12 a.]Observations | upon the | Dublin-Bills | of | mortality, | MDCLXXXI. | and the | State of that city. | By the Observator on the London | Bills of mortality. | [Ornament.]

London: | Printed for Mark Pardoe, at the Sign of | the Black Raven, over against Bedford-|house in the Strand. 1683.

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—8, postscript to the stationer, 2 ll., and 3 folding tables not included in the pagination, 8°.
[12 b—h.] See 20 a, 26 a—e and 27.

 

[13 a.]Another | essay | in | Political Arithmetick, | Concerning the Growth of the | city | of London: | with the | Measures, Periods, Causes, | and Consequences there-|of 1682. | By Sir William Petty, Fellow of the | Royal Society.

London: Printed by H. H. for Mark Pardoe, at the Black | Raven, over against Bedford-House, in the Strand. 1683.

Pp. 1—47, 8°. On p. 47, after "finis," is this advertisement: "Observations upon the Dublin Bills of Mortality m.dc.lxxxi. And the state of that City. By the Observator on the London Bills of Mortality. In Octavo." See p. xlii of the Introduction.

 

[13 b.]Same, in A | collection | of the | yearly bills | of | mortality, | From 1657 to 1758 inclusive. | Together with several other Bills of an earlier Date | To which are subjoined | I. Natural and Political Observations on the bills of mortality: by Capt. | John Graunt, F.R.S. reprinted from the sixth [sic] edition, 1676. | II. Another essay in political arithmetic, concerning the growth of the | city of London; with the measures, periods, causes, and consequences | thereof. By Sir William Petty, Kt. F.R.S reprinted from the edi-|tion printed at London in 1683. | III. Observations on the past growth and present state of the city of Lon-|don, reprinted from the edition printed at London in 1751; with | a continuation of the tables to the end of the year 1757. By Corbyn | Morris, Esq, F.R.S. | IV. A comparative view of the diseases and ages, and a table of the proba-|bilities of life, for the last thirty years. By J[ames] P[ostlethwayt] Esq; F.R.S.

London: | Printed for A. Millar in the Strand. | MDCCLIX [1759]. 4°—Pp. 63—76.

Dr Thomas Birch is commonly regarded as the editor of this Collection. Cf. Ogle's Inquiry into the Trustworthiness of the Old Bills of Mortality, in Jour. of the Stat. Soc iv. 442; Dict. of Natl. Biogr., s. v. Birch. But James Milne, writing about 1824, says, upon the authority of Dr William Heberden, the younger (1767—1845), that "the bills were collected into a volume by his father, the late Dr Heberden [1710—1801]. He procured likewise observations from several of his friends, rectors of some large parishes, or others likely to give him information; particularly from Bishop Mess, Bishop Squire, and Dr Birch. These, together with some of his own results, were thrown into the form of a preface; and the whole was committed to the care of Dr Birch. To make the calculations which appear at the end of the book, Dr Heberden employed James Postlethwayt, Esq., a very distinguished arithmetician." Suppl. to the 4th, 5th, and 6th Editions of the Encyclopedia Britannica, ii. 306.

 

[13 c—i.]See 17 a, 26 a—e, 27.

 

[14.]Experiments to be made relating to Land-Carriage, proposed by the learned Sr. William Petty Kt. In Philosophical Transactions, Vol. xiv., no. 161, pp. 666—667, 20 July, 1684.

 

[15 a.]Some Queries whereby to Examine Mineral Waters by the Learned Sir William Petty Knight. In Philosophical Transactions. Vol. xiv., no. 166, pp. 802—803, 20 December, 1684.

 

[15b.]32: Quaeres for the Tryal of Mineral Waters; by the Honourable Sir William Petty, Knight. In The Natural History of Wiltshire by John Aubrey, R.S.S. edited by John Britton.

Published by the Wiltshire Topographical Society. London. MDCCCXLVII [1847]. 4º.—pp. 26.

 

[16.]A Miscellaneous Catalogue of Mean, vulgar, cheap and simple Experiments. Drawn up by Sr. William Petty, President of the Dublin Society, and by Him presented to that Society. In Philosophical Transactions. Vol. xv., no 167, pp. 849—853, 28 January, 1685.

Birch says that at the meeting of the Royal Society held 10 Dec., 1684, "upon mentioning sixty-three miscellaneous experiments proposed by Sir William Petty as desiderata, a paper containing them, which had latterly been printed at Dublin, was read, and being very well approved of, was ordered to be reprinted here." Hist. of the Roy. Soc., iv. 346. I have not found a copy of the Dublin issue.

 

[17 a.]An | essay | Concerning the | Multiplication of Mankind: | Together with another | essay | in | Political Arithmetick,| Concerning the Growth of the | City of London: | with the | Measures, Periods, Causes, and Con-|sequences thereof. 1682. | The Second Edition Revised and Enlarged. | By Sir William Petty, | Fellow of the Royal Society. | Licensed, Rob. Midgeley. | Jan. 9. 1686.

London: Printed for Mark Pardoe, at the Black Raven | over against Bedford-house in the Strand. 1686.

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—50, 8°. —— On p. 50, after "finis," is this advertisement: "Observations on the Doublin Bills of Mortality mdclxxxi., and the State of that City, by Sir William Petty, Fellow of the Royal Society. Sold by Mark Pardoe at the Black Raven in the Strand." See pp. xlii, liii of the Introduction.

 

[17b—g.]See 26 a—e, 27.

 

[18 a.]Deux essays | d'arithmetique politique, | touchant | les villes | de | Londres | et | Paris. | Dediés au roy, | Par le Chevalier Petty, de la Société Royale.

A Londres, | Chés B.G., et se vendent par François Vaillant, | Marchand Libraire demeurand dans le Strand, vis à vis | l'Église Francoise de la Savoye. 1686.

Title, 1 l., dedication, 1 l., pp. 1—6, 4°. —— This version of the Two Essays, said to be a translation from the English edition licensed 26 August, 1686 (cf. p. 502), appears to have been published before the English orginal.

 

[18 b.]Two | essays | in | Political Arithmetick, | Concerning the | People, Housing, Hospitals, &c | of | London and Paris. | By Sir William Petty, | Fellow of the Royal Society. |—Qui sciret Regibus uti | Fastidiret olus—

London, | Printed for J. Lloyd in the Middle Exchange | next Salisbury-House in the Strand. 1687.

1 l., recto blank, verso imprimatur, title, 1 l., epistle dedicatory, 1 l., pp. 1—21, memorandum, 1 l., 8°.

 

[18 c-h.]See 26 a—e and 27. In the Philosophical Transactions for the Years 1686 and 1687, Vol. xvi. no. 183, p. 152, July, August and September, 1686, there is An Extract of two Essays in Political Arithmetick concerning the comparative Magnitudes, &c. of London and Pans by Sr William Petty, Knight, R.R.S. This is printed on p. 513.

 

[19.]A further Assertion of the Propositions concerning the | Magnitude, &c. of London, contained in two Essays | in Political Arithmetick; mentioned in Philos. Trans-|act Numb. 183; together with a Vindication of the | said Essays from the Objections of some Learned Persons | of the French Nation, by Sr. W. Petty Knt. R.S.S.

Caption as above, followed by text, pp. 1—4, 4°. —— Reprinted from Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Vol. xvi. no. 185, pp. 237—240, Nov. & Dec., 1686. The reprint is repaged, but without title-page, & retains the original signatures, Gg and Gg 2.

 

[20 a.]Further | observation | upon the | Dublin-Bills: | or, | accompts | of the | Houses, Hearths, Baptisms, | And Burials in that | city. The Second Edition, Corrected and Enlarg'd. | By Sir William Petty, | Fellow of the Royal Society.

Lonon [ sic ]: | Printed for Mark Pardoe, at the Sign of | the Black Raven, over-against Bed-|ford-House in the Strand. 1686.

Title, verso, the stationer to the reader, 1 l., pp. 1—6, followed by Observations upon the Dublin-Bills of Mortality, 1681, as described above, no. 12 a, 8°.

 

[20 b—g.]See 26 a—e and 27.

 

[21a.]Observations | upon the | cities | of | London | and Rome. | By Sir William Petty, | Fellow of the Royal Society.

London, | Printed for Henry Mortlocke, at the Phœnix, in | St. Paul's Church-Yard, and J. Lloyd, in the middle | Exchange next Salisbury-House in the Strand. 1687.

1 l., recto blank, verso imprimatur, title, 1 l., pp. 1—4, 8°.

 

[21 b—g.]See 26 a—e and 27.

 

[22 a.]Cinq essays | sur | L'Arithmetique Politique. | I. On Répond aux Objections tireés de | la Ville de Rey en Perse, & a celles de | Mr. Auzout contre les deux premiers Es-|says, & l'on fait voir qu'il y a autant de | monde a Londres qu'a Paris, Rome & | Rouen pris ensemble. | II. Comparaison entre Londres & Paris en | 14 choses particuliers. | III. Preuves qu'il demeure dans les 134 pa-|roisses de Londres marquées dans les bil-|lets de mortalité, environ 696 mille per-|sonnes. | IV. Combien l'on estime qu'il y a de monde | a Londres, Paris, Amsterdam, Venise, | Rome, Dublin, Bristol, & Rouen avec | plusieurs remarques sur ce Sujet. | V. Touchant la Hollande & les autres VII | Provinces Unies. | Par le Chevalier Petty de la | Société Royale. | Invidiam Augendo ulciscar.

A Londre, | Impremie pour Henry Mortlock au Phœnix dore dans le Cimetier de St. Paul. 1687.

Five essays | in | Political Arithmetick, | viz. | I. Objections from the City of Rey in | Persia, and from Monsr Auzout, against | two former Essays, answered, and that | London hath as many people as Paris, | Rome and Rouen put together. | II. A Comparison between London and | Paris in 14 particulars. | III. Proofs that at London, within its 134 | Parishes, named in the Bills of Morta-|lity, there live about 696 Thousand | People. | IV. An estimate of the People in London, | Paris, Amsterdam, Venice, Rome, Dublin, | Bristoll and Rouen, with several obser-|vations upon the same. | V. Concerning Holland and the rest of | the VII United Provinces. | By Sir William Petty, | Fellow of the Royal Society. | Invidiam augendo ulciscar.

London, | Printed for Henry Mortlock at the Phœnix in | St. Paul's Church-yard. 1687.

1 l., recto blank, verso imprimatur in French, 18 February, 1686/7, 1 l., recto imprimatur in English, same date, verso French title, 1 l., recto English title, verso Epistre dédicatoire au Roy, concluded on verso of next (fourth) leaf, on whose recto begins the Epistle Dedicatory, To the King's Most Excellent Majesty. This is continued on the recto of leaf five, on whose verso begins page one of the French text. Facing it, on the recto of leaf six, begins page one of the English text. Each text extends to its page 51, 8°.

 

[22 b—g.]See 26 a—e and 27.

 

[22 h.]Handgreiffiiche | Demonstration, | Dass die | Stadt London in Engeland mit | ihren Vorstädten allein viel machtiger, grosser, | und Volckreicher sey, | Nicht nur als die | Stadte Panse und Rouan, | mit ihren beyderseits Vorstädten zusammen, | Oder als die | Stadte Parise und Rome, | mit ihren beyderseits Vorstadten zusammen, | Sondern auch als | Alle diese drey vornehme und grosse Stadte, | mit allen ihren Vorstadten zusammen, | So dass | London die grosseste Stadt, und das mäch-|tigste Emporium der gantzen Welt sey, | Aus des berühmten Rittern und der Konigl. Englischen | Societat-Curiosorum Verwandten Sr. Wilhelm Petty, | und anderer Authoren Schrifften ausgezogen.

Dantzig, | Gedruckt durch David Friedrich Rheten. | Zufinden bey Martin Hallervordt in Konigsberg. | Im Jahr 1693.

Pp. 1—24, 4°. —— Title in red and black. The first 15 pp. are a loose version of the 1st, 2nd, 4th and 5th of Petty's Five Essays, the remainder is from other sources. Professor John writes that the translator was Gottfried Schultz. Cf. p. 318 note.

 

[22 i.]Handgreiffliche Demonstration, | Dass die | Stadt London in Engeland mit | ihren Vorstädten allein viel machtiger, grosser, | und Volckreicher sey, | Nicht nur als die | Stadte Paris und Rouan, | mit ihren beyderseits Vorstädten zusammen, | Oder als die | Städte Parise und Rome, | mit ihren beyderseits Vorstadten zusammen, | Sondern auch als | Alle diese drey vornehme und grosse Städte, mit allen ihren Vorstadten zusammen, | So dass | London die grosseste Stadt, und das mäch-|tigste Emporium der gantzen Welt sey, | Aus des beruhmten Rittern und der Konigl. Englischen | Societat-Curiosum Verwandten Sr. William Petty, | und anderer Authoren Schrifften ausgezogen.

Dantzig: Zu finden bey Michael Werthen, Anno 1724.

Pp. 1—24, 4°. —— A reissue of the 1693 edition, with a new title-page.

 

[23 a.]Political Arithmetick, | or | a discourse | Concerning, | The Extent and Value of Lands, People, | Buildings; Husbandry, Manufacture [*], | Commerce, Fishery, Artizans, Seamen, | Soldiers; Publick Revenues, Interest, | Taxes, Superlucration, Registries, Banks; | Valuation of Men, Increasing of Seamen, | of Militia's, Harbours, Situation, Ship-|ping, Power at Sea, &c. As the same | relates to every Country in general, but | more particularly to the Territories of | His Majesty of Great Britain, and his | Neighbours of Holland, Zealand, and | France. | By Sir William Petty, | Late Fellow of the Royal Society.

London, Printed for Robert Clavel at the Peacock, | and Hen. Mortlock at the Phoenix in St. Paul's | Church-yard. 1690.

1 l., verso imprimatur 7 Nov. 1690, title, 1 l., dedication, 2 ll., preface, 5 ll., the principal conclusions, 2 ll., errata, 1 l., pp. 1—117, 8°. —— * Here a space. The letter "s" has apparently fallen out.

 

[23 b.]Political Arithmetick, | or | a discourse | Concerning, | The Extent and Value of Lands, People, | Buildings; Husbandry, Manufacture[*], | Commerce, Fishery, Artizans, Seamen, | Soldiers; Publick Revenues, Interest, | Taxes, Superlucration, Registries, Banks, | Valuation of Men, Increasing of Seamen, | of Militia's, Harbours, Situation, Ship-|ping, Power at Sea, &c. As the same | relates to every Country in general, but | more particularly to the Territories of | His Majesty of Great Britain, and his | Neighbours of Holland, Zealand, and | France. | By Sir William Petty, | Late Fellow of the Royal Society.

London, Printed for Robert Clavel at the Peacock, | and Hen. Mortlock at the Phœnix in St. Paul's | Church-Yard. 1691.

1 l., verso imprimatur 7 Nov. 1690, title, 1 l., dedication, 2 ll., preface, 5 ll., the principal conclusions, 2 ll., errata, 1 l., pp. 1—117, 8°. —— * Here a space. The letter "s" has apparently fallen out.

 

[23c.]Political | arithmetick; | or; a | discourse | concerning | The Extent and Value of | Lands, People, Buildings; | Husbandry, Manufacture, | Commerce, Fishery, Arti-|zans, Seamen, Soldiers; | Publick Revenues, Interest, Tax-|es, Superlucration, Registries, | Banks; Valuation of men, | Increasing of Seamen, of Mi-|litia's, Harbours, Situation, | shipping, Power at Sea, etc. | As the same relates to every | Country in general, but more | particularly to the territories | of his majesty of Great Bri-|tain, and his neighbours of | Holland, Zealand, and France. | By Sir William Petty, | late fellow of the royal society.

Glasgow, | printed and sold by Robert and Andrew foulis | MDCCLI [1751].

Half-title, 1 l., pp. [1]—x, [11]—97, 8°. —— Appended, with separate title-page and pagination but continuous signatures, is Moyle's translation of Xenophon Upon the Revenues of Athens, which is also mentioned on the half-title.

 

[23 d.]Same, 1691 edition, in Scarce | Tracts | on | Trade and Commerce | serving as | a Supplement | to | Davenant's Works. | In Two Volumes. | Vol. ii. | Published by Sir Charles Whitworth.

London: | Printed for Hooper and Davis, No 25, Ludgate-Hill, | and G. Robinson, Pater-Noster Row. | MDCCLXXVIII [1778]. 8°.

 

[23 e.]Same, 1690 edition, in An English Garner Ingatherings from our history and literature By Edward Arber, F.S.A. &c. [Quotations.] Volume vi.

E. Arber, 1 Montague Road, Birmingham, England 1 May, 1883. 4°.—Pp. 323—388.

 

[23 f—j.] See 26 a—d and 27.

 

[24 a.]The | Political Anatomy | of | Ireland. | With | The Establishment for that King-|dom when the late Duke of Ormond | was Lord Lieutenant. Taken from the | Records. | To which is added | Verbum Sapienti; or an Account of the | Wealth and Expences of England, and the Method | of raising Taxes in the most Equal manner. | Shewing also, That the Nation can bear the Charge | of Four Millions per Annum, when the occasions of | the Government require it. | By Sir William Petty, late Fellow | of the Royal Society, and Surveyor-Gene-|ral of the Kingdom of Ireland.|

London: | Printed for D. Brown, and W. Rogers, at the Bible | without Temple-Bar, and at the Sun over-against | St. Dunstans Church, Fleet-street. 1691.

Title, 1 l., epistle dedicatory 3 ll., preface 1 l., advertisements 1 l., contents, 2 ll., pp. 1—205, half-title of Verbum Sapienti, 1 l., pp. 1—24, 8°. —— Signatures continuous throughout.

 

[24 b.]Sir William Petty's | Political Survey | of | Ireland, | with the | Establishment of that King-|dom, when the Late Duke of Or-|mond was Lord Lieutenant; | and also | An exact list of the present Peers, | Members of Parliament, and principal | Officers of State. | To which is added, | An Account of the Wealth and Ex-|pences of England, and the Me-|thod of raising Taxes in the most equal | manner. | Shewing likewise that England can bear | the Charge of Four Millions per Ann. when | the Occasions of the Government require it. | The Second Edition, carefully corrected, | with Additions. | By a Fellow of the Royal Society.

London: Printed for D. Browne, at the Black Swan, | W. Mears, at the Lamb; F. Clay, at the Bible and Star, | all without Temple-Bar; and J Hooke, at the Flower-|de-Luce, against St. Dunstans-Church in Fleet-Street, 1719.

Title, 1 l., dedication, 2 ll., preface, 1 l., contents, 3 ll., errata, 1 l., pp. 1—223, followed by Verbum sapienti, pp. 1—26, signatures continuous, 8°.

 

[24 c.]Same, 1691 edition, in A | collection | of | Tracts and Treatises | illustrative of the | natural history, antiquities, | and the | Political and Social State | of | Ireland, | At various periods prior to the present Century. | In two volumes. | Vol. ii. | Treatises by Sir William Petty, Bishop Berkeley, Prior, | and Dobbs. | With an Index.

Dublin: | reprinted by | Alex. Thom & sons, Abbey-Street. | MDCCCLXI [1861]. 8°.——Pp. 1—144.

This Collection was compiled by Mr Thom. Cf. Webb, Irish Biography, 594.

 

[24 d.]See 27.

 

[25.]An | account | Of several | New Inventions and Improvements | Now necessary for England, | In a Discourse by way of letter | to the | Earl of Marlbourgh [sic], | Relating to | Building of our English Shipping, | Planting of Oaken Timber in the Forrests, | Apportioning of Publick Taxes, | The Conservacy of all our Royal Rivers, in | particular that of the Thames, | The Surveys of the Thames, &c. | Herewith is also published at large | The Proceedings relating to the Mill'd-|Lead-sheathing, and the Excellency and | cheapness of Mill'd-Lead in preference to | Cast Sheet-Lead for all other purposes | whatsoever. | Also | A Treatise of naval philosophy, writ-|ten by Sir Will. Petty. | The whole is submitted to the Consideration of our English | Patriots in Parliament Assembled.

London, Printed for James Astwood, and are to | be Sold by Ralph Simpson at the Harp in St. Pauls | Church-yard. MDCXCI [1691].

1 l., recto blank, verso imprimatur 6 March, 1690, title, 1 l., table 6 ll., pp. i—cxxv. followed by:

The New Invention of mill'd lead for Sheathing of Ships against the Worm... London, Printed in the year 1691.

Title, 1 l., table, 8 ll., pp. 1—132, 2 folded sheets, 12°. The signatures are continuous from p. 1 through the unnumbered'll. following the second title-page, likewise from the second p. 1 to the end. Contains, beginning at p. 117:

A | Treatise | of | Naval Philosophy. | In three parts. | I. A Phisico-Mathematical Dis- | course of Ships and Sailing. | II. Of Naval Policy. | III. Of Naval Oeconomy or | Husbandry.

 

[26 a.]Several | essays | in | Political | Arithmetick: | The Titles of which follow in the | Ensuing Pages. | By | Sir William Petty, | Late Fellow of the Royal Society.

London: | Printed for Robert Clavel at the Peacock, | and Henry Mortlock at the Phœnix in St. Paul's | Church-Yard. 1699.

1 l., recto blank, verso license to print the Political Arithmetick, dated 7 November, 1690, title, 1 l., contents, 1 l., pp. 1—276, 8°.——Contains an Essay concerning the Multiplication of Mankind, Further Observations upon the Dublin Bills of Mortality, Two Essays in Political Arithmetick, Observations upon the Cities of London and Rome, Five Essays in Political Arithmetick, and the Political Arithmetick of 1690. Each of these has a separate title page. The first two are dated 1698, the others, 1699. The Five Essays are printed in French and in English on opposite pages.

 

[26 b.]Essays | in | Political Arithmetick; | or, a | discourse | Concerning | The Extent and Value of Lands, People, Buildings; | Husbandry, Manufacture, Com-|merce, Fishery, Artizans, Seamen, Soldiers; | Publick Revenues, Interest, Taxes, Super-|lucration, Registries, Banks; Valuation of | Men, Increasing of Seamen, of Militia's, | Harbours, Situation, Shipping, Power at | Sea, &c. As the same relates to every | Country in general, but more particularly | to the Territories of Her Majesty of Great | Britain, and her Neighbours of Holland, | Zealand, and France. | By Sir William Petty, | Late Fellow of the Royal Society.

London, | Printed for Henry and George Mortlock, at the Phœnix | in St Paul's Church Yard. 1711.

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—276, 8°. —— The sheets of the 1699 edition reissued with a new title-page.

 

[26 c.]Another edition. Edinburgh, 1751.——This I have not seen.

 

[26 d.]Several | essays | in | Political Arithmetick. | By | Sir William Petty, Knt. | and | Fellow of the Royal Society. | The fourth edition, Corrected. | To which are prefix'd, | memoirs | of the | author's life.

London: | Printed for D. Browne, without Temple-Bar; J. Shuck-|burgh, at the Sun, and J. Whiston and B. White, | at Boyle's Head in Fleet-Street. | M.DCC.LV [1755].

Pp. i—iv. i—vi. 1—184, advertisements, 1 l., 8°. —— Contents the same as the 1699 edition save for the omission of the French version of the Five Essays and the insertion of the "memoirs of the author's life."

 

[26 e.]Cassell's national library. | Essays | on | Mankind and Political | Arithmetic. | By | Sir William Petty. | [Woodcut.]

Cassell & Company, Limited, 104 & 106 Fourth Avenue, New York. [1888.]

Pp. [i]—192. —— Forms Vol. iii. no. 145 of Cassell's National Library. Edited with an introduction by H[enry] M[orley]. Reprinted from the 1699 edition of the Several Essays, with the omission of the Political Arithmetick, for which is substituted (pp. 133—192) an account "Of the people of England. Founded upon the calculations of Gregory King, Lancaster Herald, and forming part of 'An essay [by Charles Davenant] upon the probable methods of making a people gainers in the balance of trade,' published in 1699." There is also an issue with the imprint London, Paris, New York and Melbourne.

 

[27.]Tracts; | chiefly relating to | Ireland. | Containing: | I. A Treatise of taxes and contri-|butions. | II. Essays in political arithmetic. | III. The political anatomy of Ireland. | By the late Sir William Petty. | To which is prefixed | his last will. | [Ornament.]

Dublin: | Printed by Boulter Grierson, Printer to the | King's Most Excellent Majesty. | MDCCLXIX [1769].

Pp. i—xxiv. 1—488, 8°. —— The Treatise of Taxes is reprinted from the edition of 1679 (6 c), the Essays from that of 1699 (26 a), the Political Anatomy from that of 1719 (24 b).

 

[28.]Of making cloth with sheeps wool. In History of the Royal Society... By Thomas Birch... Vol. i.

London: Printed for A. Millar in the Strand. MDCCLVI [1756]. 4°.——Pp. 55—65.

 

[29.]The Elements of Ireland, and of its Religion and Policy, by Sir William Petty, Fellow of ye Royal Society, 1687. (Printed in part in W. H. Hardinge's paper On an Unpublished Essay on Ireland, by Sir William Petty, 1687, in The Transactions of the Royal Irish Academy. Volume xxiv. Antiquities.

Dublin: Published by the Academy. 1873. 4°.——Pp. 371—377.)

 

[30].What a Compleat Treatise of Navigation should contain. Drawn up in the Year 1685, by Sir William Petty, late Fellow of the Royal Society. In Philosophical Transactions, Vol. xvi. no. 198, pp. 657—658, March, 1693.

 

[31.]History | of the | Cromwellian survey of Ireland, | a.d. 1655—6, | commonly called "The Down Survey." | Edited, | from manuscripts in the libraries of Trinity College, Dublin, the King's Inns, Dublin, | and the Marquis of Lansdowne, | by | Thomas Aiskew Larcom, | F.R.S., M.R.I.A., Etc., | Major, Royal Engineers. | [Woodcut.]

Dublin: | for the Irish Archaeological Society. | MDCCCLI [1851].

Title, 1 l., list of officers, 1 l., pp. i—xxiii. 1—426, 4°.

 

[32.]Observations upon the trade in Irish cattle.

Without place or date. Broadsheet—Description taken from no. 5597 of a Catalogue of the most extensive, valuable and truly interesting collection of curious books now on sale in this or any other country. Offered by Thomas Thorpe, 178, Piccadilly, London [1842], 8°. Cf. note on p. 161.

 

[33.]A Geographicall Description of ye Kingdom of Ireland. | Collected from ye actual Survey made by Sr. William Petty | Corrected & amended, by the advice, & assistance, of severall Able | Artists, late Inhabitants of that Kingdom. | Containing one General Mapp, of ye whole Kingdom, with | four Provincial Mapps, & 32. County Mapps, divided into | Baronies, where in are discribed ye Cheife Cities, Townes, Rivers, | Harbours and Head-lands, &ca. | To which is added a Mapp of Great Brittaine and Ireland, | together with an Index of the whole. | Being very usefull for all Gentlemen, and | Military Officers, as well for Sea, as for Land Service.

Engraven & Published for ye benefit of ye Publique, by Fra: Lamb. | and are to be Sold at his House in Newgate streete, next door but one | to ye White Swan, toward ye Gate. By Rob: Morden at ye Atlas in Cornhill. | Will: Berry at the Globe at Charing Cross And by | John Sellar Ju: at ye West end of St Pauls London. [No date.]

Engraved title with engraved border on double page, index 1 l., 38 double-page maps, about 6x4½ inches. Also issued on large paper with coloured maps and the imprint: By John Seller | Sold at His Shop at the Hermitage in | Wapping.

 

[34.]Hiberniae | Delineatio quoàd hactenus | licuit, Perfectissima | Studio Guilielmi Petty Eqtis: Aurati. | Continens tabulas sequentes vulgò dictas | A Generall Map of Ireland 1 | The Province of Leinster 2 | The Province of Munster 3 | The Province of Ulster 4 | The Province of Connaught 5 || In Leinster | Louth and Dublin 6 | East Meath 7 | West Meath 8 | Longford 9 | Kings County 10 | Queen's County 11 | Catherlogh 12 | Kildare 13 | Kilkenny 14 | Wicklow 15 | Wexford 16 || In Munster | Clare 17 | Tipperary 18 | Lymrick 19 | Waterford 20 | Corke 21 | Kerry 22 || In Ulster | Dunnagall 23 | Londonderry 24 | Tyrone 25 | Antrim 26 | Downe 27 | Ardmagh 28 | Monaghon 29 | Fermanagh 30 | Cavan 31 || In Connaught | Letrun 32 | Mayo 33 | Slego 34 | Roscommon 35 | Gallway 36.

No place or date, folio. Most copies have prefixed a portrait of "Sr William Petty, 1683," Edwyn Sandys sculp. The British Museum Catalogue of Printed Maps assigns this atlas to 1685. But the general map of Ireland (Sutton Nicholls sculp), which bears the title "An Epitome of Sr William Petty's Large Survey of Ireland. By Phillip Lea. At the Atlas and Hercules in Cheapside near Fryday Street London And in Westminster Hall near ye Court of Common Plea's," contains an engraved advertisement of "The History of Ireland From the Conquest thereof by the English to this Time By Richard Cox Esqr. Printed For Joseph Watts at ye Angell in St Pauls Church Yard." The first volume of Cox's History of Ireland was not published until 1689. Of the six copies of Hiberniae Delineatio which I have seen, five lack the general map. Sometime between 1719 and 1751 George Grierson reissued this atlas with a dedication to Henry, Lord Shelburne. The different county maps from this atlas also occur separately.

 
 

SUPPLEMENT TO THE BIBLIOGRAPHY OF
PETTY'S WORKS.

 

The "Collection of Sir William Petty's Works since the year 1636, found at Wycombe, in his own handwriting," is here reprinted from Fitzmaurice's "Life of Petty" as a supplement to the bibliography of his printed works. To the items which are now known to exist in print, their numbers in the Bibliography have been added.

 
Caen. 1637. A Course of practicall Geometry and Dialling.
1638. Cursus Rhetorices et Geographicæ.
London. 1639. A system of Astronomy Ptolemaical and
Copernican.
1640. Severall Drawings and Paintings.
1643. An English Poem of Susanna and the Elders.
Holland
(lost at sea.)
,, Collegium Logicum et Metaphisicum.
1644. A Collection of the Frugalities of Holland.
1645. An History of seven Months practice in a
Chemical Laboratory.
Paris.
Oxford.
1646. A Discourse in Latin, 'de Arthritide et Lue
Venereâ'; and 'Cursus Anatomicus.'
London. 1647. Advice to Mr. Hartlib about the advance-
ment of learning [Bibliography, no 3].
Collections for the History of Trees, etc.
[Should this read History of Trades?
Cf. pp. xv, lxiv, 118 n.].
1648. The double writing Instrument [1, 2].
The engine for planting Corne, and Print-
ing; Boyling Waters, Woods.
Oxford. 1649. Six Phisico-Medicall Lectures, read at Oxford,
London. 1650. Several Musick Lectures. Hester Ann
Green [cf. p. xv].
Three Osteological Lectures.
1651. Collection of Experiments.
1652. Pharmacopœa and formula Medicamen-
torum.
Observationes Medicæ et Praxis.
Ireland. 1653. De Plantis. Notæ in Hippocratem.
Scholaris situlifuga. Poemata Liturgica.
1654. A discourse against the Transplanting into
Connaught.
1654. A Treatise of Irregular Dialls.
    1655. The Grand Survey of Ireland. [Pp. xvi-xx.]
1656. Severall Reports about setting the Quarters
and Soldiers.
1657. Breviar-ia, Clerk of the Council.
1658. Letters, etc., between the Protector and the
Lieut. Gov. of Ireland.
1659. The History of the Survey and first Distri-
bution of Lands in Ireland [3].
1660. Brev: against Sankey [4], and Sir William
Petty's own apology [? 5].
1660. Observations on the Bills of Mortality [cf.
Introduction, pt. iii].
1661. A Discourse about Registry, and Settlement
of Ireland.
1662. A Treatise of Taxes [6] Materialls of a
Bill [cf. p. 398 n.]
and Small money.
1663. The Grand Maps of Ireland [34, cf. p. 6 n.]
and Brev. of Boroughs.
The Natural History
of Religion.
History of Clothing.
History of Dyeing [7].
Satyricall Poems.
 
1664.
 
 
 
 
 
Naval Expe-
riments and
Discourses
[see pp. xxii,
xxiii].
De motu maris et ventorurum.
De medicinis solutis per aquam
et aera.
Navicula Gemina [see p. xxii].
Reterium Nauticum.
AnatomiaNavalis [see p. xxii n.].
    1665. Verbum Sapienti,
and the value of
People [24].
English Translation of Hermes, per Alex.
Brome.
1667. Lawsuits.
1668. Poemata Glanarita.
1669. Severall Latine Epigrams.
1670. Anatomia Politica Hiberniæ [24].
1671. Political Arithmetick [23].
1682. Quantulumcunque concerning money [10].


This list does not mention all the works which Petty wrote before 1682, and on the other hand it mentions some (e.g. in 1655, 1667) which were not written works at all. Two entries appear of what might be economic pamphlets. Of one, the "Discourse about Registry," 1661, I have found no trace. The other, the "Discourse against transplanting into Connaught," is described by Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice as a pamphlet entitled "A Discourse against the Transplantation into Connaught," of which two editions are said to have been published at London, both anonymously, one in January and one in March, 1665.—Life of Petty, 32. A more exact title seems to be:

 

The great | case | of transplantation | in | Ireland | discussed: | or, | Certain Considerations, wherein the | many great inconveniencies in the transplan-|ting the Natives of Ireland generally out of the three | Provinces of Leinster, Ulster, and Munster, into | the Province of Connaught, are shewn. | Humbly tendered to every individual Member | of Parliament, by a Well-wisher to the good of the Common-wealth of England. | [Ornament.]

London, Printed for John Cook, and are to be sold at | his shop at the sign of the Ship in St. Paul's | Churchyard. 1665.

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—32, 4º. There is also another edition having a title-page like the above in wording and disposition, but from different type, and this imprint: London, Printed for I. C., 1655.

 

In criticism of this pamphlet was published:

The interest of England in the Irish Transplantation, stated: Wherein is held forth to all concerned in Ireland's good settlement the benefits the Irish Transplantation will bring to each of them in particular, and to the Commonwealth in general, being chiefly intended as an Answer to a scandalous, seditious Pamphlet, entitled [The great Case of Transplantation in Ireland discussed]. Composed and published at the request of several persons in eminent place in Ireland, to the end all who desire it, might have a true Account of the Proceedings that have been there in the business of Transplantation, both as to the rise, progress, and end thereof. By a faithfull Servant of the Common-wealth, Richard Laurence.

London, Printed by Henry Hills, and to be sold at the Sign of Sir John Oldcastle near Py-Corner, MCDLV [1655].

Title, 1 l., pp. 1—29, 4º.

 

A reply soon appeared under the title:

The | author | and | Case of Transplanting | the | Irish into Connaught | vindicated, | from the unjust Aspersions of Col. Richard Laurence. | By Vincent Gookin Esquire. | [Ornament.]

London, Printed by A. M. for Simon Miller at the Signe of | the Starre in St. Pauls Church-yard. [May 12.] 1655.

Title, 1 l., epistle dedicatory, 1 l., pp. 1—59, 4º. —— All three pamphlets are in the Halliday Collection in the Library of the Royal Irish Academy, in the Library of King's Inns, Dublin, and in the British Museum. An account of The Great Case may be found in Prendergast's Cromwellian Settlement, pp. 54-64.

 

Lord Edmond Fitzmaurice's reason for regarding Petty as one of the authors of the first pamphlet is that "the published book bears the marks of joint authorship, the opening sentences—an elaborate medical comparison between the State and the human body—being altogether in Petty's style as well as the later portions, where the arguments are of exactly the same character as those in the Political Anatomy of Ireland, ch. iv." These similarities do indeed strengthen the presumption of Petty's collaboration in "The Great Case" which may well arise from his mention of "A Discourse against the Transplanting into Ireland." But they do not seem to me conclusive, and there are direct arguments against Petty's authorship. So far as the probabilities are concerned it may be noted that Gookin and Petty were personal friends and political allies[2], and as such would naturally take similar views of the Rebellion of 1641. This seems to me to account sufficiently for the parallelism between some passages of "The Great Case" and of the "Political Anatomy." Nor does the use, of indefinite anatomical metaphors in a discussion of political facts, of necessity imply that the author of the "Case," had had a medical education. The two most famous among modern biological sociologists were educated, one as a civil engineer, the other as a clergyman, but both make use of such figures of speech as Gookin employed, and the putative author of the twelfth chapter of First Corinthians was by trade a tent maker. On the other hand Gookin, upon the first page of his vindication, distinctly claims the sole authorship of "The Great Case." He says: "Whilst anything of Reputation might have been the effect of writing the Case of Transplantation, I was content to take the labour to myself and leave the good to others: This was the reason of silencing my name at first. But now what I intended for good is come to be thought so ill, I must leave that resolution and assert my own act.… But though I did not think then fit to put my name in Print, yet did not that Trifle steal out in so clandestine a way as that the Parent was hid from all, but being laid at my door, I owned it." Accordingly I regard Gookin as the author of "The Great Case of Transplantation," and have not included it among Petty's Economic Works.

 
 

BIBLIOGRAPHY OF THE NATURAL AND
POLITICAL OBSERVATIONS.

 

Natural and Political | observations | Mentioned in a following Index, | and made upon the | Bills of Mortality. | By John Graunt, | Citizen of | London. | With reference to the Government, Religion, Trade, | Growth, Ayre, Diseases, | and the several Changes of the | said City. | —Non, me ut miretur Turba, laboro, | Contentus paucis Lectoribus.—

London, | Printed by Tho: Roycroft, for John Martin, James Allestry, | and Tho: Dicas, at the Sign of the Bell in St. Paul's | Church-yard, MDCLXII [1662].

Title, 1 l., epistles dedicatory, 3 ll., index, 4 ll., pp. 1—79, 82—85 and 2 folding tables not included in the pagination, 4º. —— The verso of p. 79 is misnumbered 82.

 

Natural and Political | observations, | Mentioned in a following Index, | and made upon the | Bills of Mortality. | By John Graunt, | Citizen of | London. | With references to the Government, Religion, Trade, | Growth, Ayr, Diseases, and the several Changes of the | said City. | —Non, me ut miretur Turba, laboro, | Contentus paucis Lectoribus.— | The Second Edition.

London, | Printed by Tho: Roycroft, For John Martin, James Allestry, | and Tho: Dicas, at the Sign of the Bell in St. Paul's | Church-yard, MDCLXII [1662].

Title, 1 l., epistles dedicatory, 3 ll., index, 4 ll., pp. 1—79, and 2 folding tables not included in the pagination, 4º.

 

Natural and Political | observations | Mentioned in a following Index, | and made upon the | Bills of Mortality. | By | Capt John Graunt, | Fellow of the Royal Society. | With reference to the Government, Reli-|gion, Trade, Growth, Air, Diseases, and the | several Changes of the said City. | —Non, me ut miretur Turba, laboro, | Contentus paucis Lectoribus.— | The Third Edition, | much Enlarged.

London, | Printed by John Martyn, and James Allestry, | Printers to the Royal Society, and are to be sold at the | sign of the Bell in St. Pauls Church-yard. | MDCLXV [1665].

1 l., recto blank, verso order of the Council of the Royal Society to print, title, 1 l., epistles dedicatory, 7 ll., index 6 ll., 1 blank l., pp. 1—205, and two folding tables not included in the pagination, 4º.

 

Natural and Political | observations | Mentioned in a following Index, | and made upon the | Bills of Mortality. | By | Capt. John Graunt, | Fellow of the Royal Society. | With reference to the Government, Reli-|gion, Trade, Growth, Air, Diseases, and the | several Changes of the said City. | —Non, me ut miretur Turba, laboro, | Contentus paucis Lectoribus.— | The Fourth Impression.

Oxford, | Printed by William Hall, for John Martyn, | and James Allestry, Printers to the | Royal Society, MDCLXV [1665].

1 l., recto blank, verso order of Royal Society to print, title, 1 l., epistles dedicatory 7 ll., index, 6 ll., 1 blank l., pp. 1—205, and two folding tables not included in the pagination, 8º.

 

Natural and Political | observations | Mentioned in a following index, | and made upon the | Bills of Mortality. | By Capt. John Graunt, | Fellow of the Royal Society. | With reference to the Government, Reli-|gion, Trade, Growth, Air, Diseases, and the | several Changes of the said city. | —Non, me ut miretur Turba, laboro, | Contentus paucis Lectoribus.— | The Fifth Edition, much Enlarged.

London, | Printed by John Martyn, Printer to the | Royal Society, at the Sign of the Bell in St. Paul's | Church-yard. MDCLXXVI [1676].

1 l., recto blank, verso, order of Royal Society to print, title 1 l., epistles dedicatory, 9 ll., index, 6 ll., preface 3 ll., pp. 1—150, and two folding tables not included in the pagination, 8º.——According to Dr Campbell and James Milne this edition was prepared by Petty.

The Natural and political observations were also reprinted by Dr W. Heberden in his Collection of the yearly bills of mortality, 1759. See no. 13 b of the bibliography of Petty.

 

Natürliche und politische | Anmerckungen | über die | TodtenZettul | der stadt Londen [sic], | fürnemlich | ihre regierung, religion, gewerbe, vermeh-|rung, lufft, kranckheiten, und besondere veran-|derungen betreffend. | Anfangs | in Englischer sprache abgefasset, | und ofttermals durch den druck herausgegeben | vom | Capitain Johannes Graunt, | Mitgleid der Konigl. Societ. | nun | aber | um des grossen nutzens willen, der dem gemei-|nen wesen Teutschlands insgemein, und iedes orts | insonderheit aus solchen todten-registern zu-|wachsen kan, | ins Deutsche übersetzet. | [Woodcut.]

Leipzig, bey Thomas Fritschen, | 1702.

Title, 1 l., Vorrede des Ubersetzers (sic), 2 ll., Zuschriften Graunts, 4 ll., Vorrede des Autoris, 1 l., Register, 4 ll., pp. 1—112, 1 folded table, 12°.——The translator was Dr Gottfried Schultz of Breslau. See p. 318 note.

 

Note: Graunt did not write the "Reflections On the weekly Bills of Mortality For the Cities of London and Westminster and the places adjacent: But more especially so far as they relate to the plague... London: Printed for Samuel Speed, at the Rainbow in Fleet street. 1665." This pamphlet was issued in two editions, both in quarto. All that is of value in either of them was filched from Graunt, but their compiler appears to have drawn liberally from his own imagination also. They were promptly denounced as spurious by John Bell, clerk to the Company of Parish Clerks, in his "London's Remembrancer" issued in the same year. Cf. pp. xliii, 426.

 

  1. A trial Bibliography of Sir William Petty, containing brief entries of nearly all the titles here printed, was contributed by me to Notes and Queries of 31 August and 14 September, 1895, 8th series, viii. 163—165, 202—203.
  2. Fitzmaurice, 31, 51, 77—81.