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Dictionary of Indian Biography/Auchmuty, Sir Samuel

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AUCHMUTY, SIR SAMUEL (1756–1822)

General: born in New York, 1756, the grandson of a Scotch settler in Boston: saw service, first as a volunteer, from 1777 in the Army, in N. America: went to India in 1783 in the 52nd regt.: became Adjutant: promoted to Captain in the 75th, in 1788: was in the campaigns of 1790– 1 against Tippoo, and at the first siege of Seringapatam under Lord Cornwallis in 1792: D.Q.M.G. at Calcutta: Military Secretary to Sir Robert Abercromby (q.v.) when C. in C., 1795–7: in his campaign against the Rohillas: returned to England in 1797: commanded a force from the Cape to Egypt to cooperate with Sir D. Baird and Sir Ralph Abercromby against the French: Adjutant-General in Egypt: K.C.B. in 1803: in 1806–7, Brig-General in S. America at Monte Video and Buenos Ayres: Maj-General in 1808: went out to Madras as C. in C., May, 1810: in 1811 took Java and Batavia, and defeated the Dutch at Cornells and Samarang: left Madras for England in March, 1813: Lt-General: G.C.B., 1815: C. in C., and Privy Councillor in Ireland, 1821: died Aug. 11, 1822.