Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Smart, Benjamin Humphrey

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SMART, BENJAMIN HUMPHREY (1786?–1872), author, was born about 1786. He resided in London, and employed himself in teaching elocution. On 4 Feb. 1850 he was elected a member of the Athenæum Club, from which he withdrew on 1 Jan. 1869. He died on 24 Feb. 1872.

Smart's principal works were: 1. ‘A Grammar of English Pronunciation,’ London, 1810, 8vo. 2. ‘Rudiments of English Grammar Elucidated,’ London, 1811, 12mo. 3. ‘Grammar of English Sounds,’ London, 1812, 12mo. 4. ‘The Theory of Elocution,’ London, 1819, 8vo. 5. ‘The Practice of Elocution,’ London, 1820, 8vo.; 4th edit. 1842. 6. ‘Practical Logic,’ London, 1823, 12mo. 7. ‘An Outline of Sematology,’ London, 1831, 8vo. 8. ‘Walker Remodelled: a new Critical Pronouncing Dictionary,’ London, 1836, 8vo. 9. ‘Sequel to Sematology,’ London, 1839, 8vo. 10. ‘A Way out of Metaphysics,’ London, 1839, 8vo. 11. ‘Beginnings of a new School of Metaphysics,’ London, 1839, 8vo. 12. ‘Shakespearian Readings,’ London, 1839, 12mo. 13. ‘The Accidence and Principles of English Grammar,’ London, 1841, 12mo. 14. ‘Grammar on its True Basis,’ London, 1847, 12mo. 15. ‘A Manual of Rhetoric,’ London, 1848, 12mo. 16. ‘A Manual of Logic,’ London, 1849, 12mo. 17. ‘Memoir of a Metaphysician,’ London, 1853, 8vo. 18. ‘Thought and Language,’ London, 1855, 8vo. 19. ‘The Metaphysicians,’ London, 1857, 12mo.

[Information kindly given by H. R. Tedder, esq.; Biogr. Dict. of Living Authors, 1816; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Allibone's Dict. of English Literature; Waugh's Members of the Athenæum Club, p. 133; Times, 28 Feb. 1872.]

E. I. C.