Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900/Tyler, James Endell

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TYLER, JAMES ENDELL (1789–1851), divine, born at Monmouth on 30 Jan. 1789, was the son of James Tyler, a solicitor in that town. He was educated at the grammar school in Monmouth, and matriculated from Oriel College, Oxford, on 29 Nov. 1805. While an undergraduate he was elected Michel scholar at Queen's College, and in 1812 obtained a fellowship at Oriel. He graduated B.A. on 7 Dec. 1809, M.A. on 9 Jan. 1813, and B.D. on 17 Dec. 1823. From 1818 to 1826 he filled the office of tutor at Oriel, holding also the perpetual curacy of Moreton Pinkney, Northamptonshire. In 1826 his preaching attracted the attention of Lord Liverpool, who presented him to the living of St. Giles-in-the-Fields. Two years later he relinquished his fellowship, and on 15 March 1845 Sir Robert Peel appointed him a residentiary canon of St. Paul's Cathedral. He was a man who inspired strong esteem. He was very popular at Oriel College, and in London his parishioners regarded him with much affection. Endell Street, Long Acre, was named after him at their instance, his modesty refusing to allow it to be called Tyler Street. He died in London on 5 Oct. 1851 at his house in Bedford Square. He married, first, on 18 April 1827, Elizabeth Ann, daughter of George Griffin of Newton House, Monmouth. She died on 25 Nov. 1830, leaving two sons—George Griffin and Edward James—and a daughter. He married, secondly, Jane, daughter of Divie Robertson of Bedford Square, by whom he had a son and two daughters.

Besides single sermons, Tyler was the author of: 1. ‘Oaths: their Origin, Nature, and History,’ London, 1834, 8vo; 2nd edit. London, 1835, 8vo. 2. ‘Henry of Monmouth: Memoirs of the Life and Character of Henry V,’ London, 1838, 8vo. 3. ‘Primitive Christian Worship,’ London, 1840, 8vo. 4. ‘A Father's Letters to his Son on the Apostolic Rite of Confirmation,’ London, 1843, 8vo. 5. ‘The Worship of the Blessed Virgin Mary contrary to Holy Scripture and to the Faith and Practice of the Church of Christ during the first five Centuries,’ London, 1844, 8vo. 6. ‘The Image Worship of the Church of Rome proved to be contrary to Holy Scripture and to the Faith and Discipline of the Primitive Church,’ London, 1847, 8vo. 7. ‘Meditations from the Fathers of the first five Centuries,’ London, 1849, 16mo. 8. ‘The Christian's Hope in Death,’ London, 1852, 8vo.

[Mozley's Reminiscences of Oriel College, 1882, i. 81–8, 93–4; Foster's Alumni Oxon. 1715–1886; Gent. Mag. 1852, i. 194.]

E. I. C.