Dictionary of National Biography, 1912 supplement/Hartshorne, Albert

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HARTSHORNE, ALBERT (1839–1910), archaeologist, born at Cogenhoe, Northants, on 15 Nov. 1839, was the eldest survivor of the eight sons of Charles Henry Hartshorne [q. v.], rector of Holdenby, Northamptonshire, by his wife Frances Margaretta, youngest daughter of Thomas Kerrich [q. v.] of Denton, Norfolk. His education, which was begun at Westminster school (1854-7), was completed in France and at Heidelberg. Until 1865, when his father died, his home was Holdenby Rectory, and he soon developed the passion for archaeology which he inherited from his father and grandfather.

Between 1876 and 1883 and from 1886 to 1894 he was secretary of the Archaeological Institute of Great Britain and Ireland, and from 1878 to 1892 editor of the 'Archæological Journal.' He was elected F.S.A. on 8 June 1882, member of council on 4 May 1886, and local secretary for Derbyshire on 2 Dec. 1886.

His splendid monograph on 'Old English Glasses,' published in 1897 (4to), called attention to a neglected subject. Hartshorne was an authority also on monumental effigies, and published in 1876 'The Recumbent Monumental Effigies in Northamptonshire,' a folio volume of 128 photographic reproductions of scale drawings with historical descriptions. Valuable also was his 'Portraiture in Recumbent Effigies, and Ancient Schools of Monumental Sculpture in England, illustrated by Examples in Northamptonshire' (1899). An excellent draughtsman, Hartshorne illustrated his works with minute fidelity. {{nop} Hartshome, who resided chiefly at Bradbourne Hall, Derbyshire, died at 7 Heene Terrace, Worthing, on 8 Dec. 1910, and was buried in Holdenby churchyard. He married in 1872 Constance Amelia (d. 1901), youngest daughter of the Rev. Francis MacCarthy of Ballyneadrig and Lyradane, but left no issue. A portrait-sketch, made in 1888 by Seymour Lucas, R.A., belongs to Mr. Hugh R. P. Wyatt at Gissbury, Worthing.

Besides the works above mentioned and contributions to the 'Archæological Journal' (xxxix. 376, on 'Collars of SS.,' 1882, and xlv. 238, on 'Monuments in St. Mary's Church,Warwick') and to other publications, Hartshorne published: 1. 'On Kirkstead Abbey, Lincolnshire, Kirkstead Chapel, and a Remarkable Monumental Effigy there preserved,' 1883. 2. 'Bradbourne Church, Derbyshire,' 1888. 3. 'Hanging in Chains,' 1891. 4. 'The Sword-belts of the Middle Ages,' 1891. 5. 'Oxford in the Time of WilUam III and Anne, 1691-1712,' 1910. To 'Some Minor Arts as practised in England,' fol. 1894, by A. H. Church and others, Hartshorne contributed 'English Effigies in Wood.' He edited 'Memoirs of a Royal Chaplain, 1729-1763, the Correspondence of Edmund Pyle, D.D., with Samuel Kerrich, D.D.,' in 1905.

[Proc. Soc. Antiquaries, xxiii. 436; Who's Who, 1907; Athenæum, 3 Sept. and 17 Dec. 1910; The Times, 10 Dec. 1910; Cat. of Libr. of Soc. of Antiquaries; private information.]

C. W.