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Executive Order 12812

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Executive Order 12812 of July 22, 1992

Declassification and Release of Materials Pertaining to Prisoners of War and Missing in Action


Whereas, the Senate, by S.Res. 324 of July 2, 1992 has asked that I ‘‘expeditiously issue an Executive order requiring all executive branch departments and agencies to declassify and publicly release without compromising United States national security all documents, files, and other materials pertaining to POWs and MIAs;’’ and

Whereas, indiscriminate release of classified material could jeopardize continuing United States Government efforts to achieve the fullest possible accounting of Vietnam era POWs and MIAs; and

Whereas, I have concluded that the public interest would be served by the declassification and, public release of materials pertaining to Vietnam era POWs and MIAs as provided below;

Now, Therefore, by the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, I hereby order as follows:


Section 1.

All executive departments and agencies shall expeditiously review all documents, files, and other materials pertaining to American POWs and MIAs lost in Southeast Asia for the purposes of declassification in accordance with the standards and procedures of Executive Order No. 12356.


Sec. 2.

All executive departments and agencies shall make publicly available documents, files, and other materials declassified pursuant to section 1, except for those the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of personal privacy of returnees, family members of POWs and MIAs, or other persons, or would impair the deliberative processes of the executive branch.


Sec. 3.

This order is not intended to create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable by a party against the United States, its agencies or instrumentalities, its officers or employees, or any other person.


Signature of George H.W. Bush
George Bush
The White House,
July 22, 1992.

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This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).