Executive Order 13405
Executive Order 13405 of June 16, 2006
Blocking Property of Certain Persons Undermining Democratic Processes or Institutions in Belarus
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, including the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.)(IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.)(NEA), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code,
I, George W. Bush, President of the United States of America, determine that the actions and policies of certain members of the Government of Belarus and other persons to undermine Belarus' democratic processes or institutions, manifested most recently in the fundamentally undemocratic March 2006 elections, to commit human rights abuses related to political repression, including detentions and disappearances, and to engage in public corruption, including by diverting or misusing Belarusian public assets or by misusing public authority, constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States, hereby declare a national emergency to deal with that threat, and hereby order:
|(a)||Except to the extent provided in section 203(b)(1), (3), and (4) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(1), (3), and (4)), or in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to this order, and notwithstanding any contract entered into or any license or permit granted prior to the effective date of this order, all property and interests in property that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or that are or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States person, including any overseas branch, of the following persons are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in:|
|(b)||I hereby determine that the making of donations of the type of articles specified in section 203(b)(2) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1702(b)(2)) by, to, or for the benefit of any person listed in or designated pursuant to this order would seriously impair my ability to deal with the national emergency declared in this order, and I hereby prohibit such donations as provided by paragraph (a) of this section.|
|(c)||The prohibitions in paragraph (a) of this section include, but are not limited to, (i) the making of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services by, to, or for the benefit of any person listed in or designated pursuant to this order, and (ii) the receipt of any contribution or provision of funds, goods, or services from any such person.|
|(a)||Any transaction by a United States person or within the United States that evades or avoids, has the purpose of evading or avoiding, or attempts to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.|
|(b)||Any conspiracy formed to violate any of the prohibitions set forth in this order is prohibited.|
For purposes of this order:
|(a)||the term "person" means an individual or entity;|
|(b)||the term "entity" means a partnership, association, trust, joint venture, corporation, group, subgroup, or other organization;|
|(c)||the term "United States person" means any United States citizen, permanent resident alien, entity organized under the laws of the United States or any jurisdiction within the United States (including foreign branches), or any person in the United States.|
For those persons listed in or designated pursuant to this order who might have a constitutional presence in the United States, I find that because of the ability to transfer funds or other assets instantaneously, prior notice to such persons of measures to be taken pursuant to this order would render these measures ineffectual. I therefore determine that for these measures to be effective in addressing the national emergency declared in this order, there need be no prior notice of a listing or determination made pursuant to section 1 of this order.
The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA, as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of this order. The Secretary of the Treasury may redelegate any of these functions to other officers and agencies of the United States Government, consistent with applicable law. All executive agencies of the United States Government are hereby directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of this order and, where appropriate, to advise the Secretary of the Treasury in a timely manner of the measures taken. The Secretary of the Treasury shall ensure compliance with those provisions of section 401 of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641) applicable to the Department of the Treasury in relation to this order.
The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to submit the recurring and final reports to the Congress on the national emergency declared in this order, consistent with section 401(c) of the NEA (50 U.S.C. 1641(c)) and section 204(c) of IEEPA (50 U.S.C. 1703(c)).
The Secretary of the Treasury, after consultation with the Secretary of State, is hereby authorized to determine, subsequent to the issuance of this order, that circumstances no longer warrant the inclusion of a person in the Annex to this order and that the property and interests in property of that person are therefore no longer blocked pursuant to section 1 of this order.
This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right, benefit, or privilege, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, instrumentalities, or entities, its officers or employees, or any other person.
This order is effective at 12:01 a.m. eastern daylight time on June 19, 2006.
Billing Code 3195–01–P
Billing Code 6325–01–C
- Alyaksandr Hryhoryavich Lukashenka [President, born August 30, 1954]
- Natallia Uladzimirauna Piatkevich [Deputy Head of the Presidential Administration, born October 24, 1972]
- Viktar Hryhoryavich Halavanau [Minister of Justice, born 1952]
- Aliaksandr Leanidavich Zimousky [Head of the Belamsian State Television and Radio Company (B STRC) and Member of the Upper House of Parliament, born January 10, 1961]
- Stiapan Mikalayevich Sukharenka [Chairman of the Belarnsian KGB, born January 27, 1957]
- Viktar Uladzimiravich Sheiman [State Secretary of the Security Council, born May 26, 1958]
- Dzmitry Valeryerich Paulichenka [Commander of the Special Response Group of the Ministry of the Interior (SOBR), born 1966]
- Uladzimlr Uladzimiravich Naumau [Minister of Internal Affairs, born 1956]
- Lidziya Mihaulauna Yarmoshina [Head of the Central Commission for Elections and Natrenal Referendums (CEC), born January 29, 1953]
- Viktar Aliaksandravich Lukashenka [President's National Security Advisor, born 1976]
- Notice of June 14, 2007 ( 72 FR 33381 );
- Notice of June 06, 2008 ( 73 FR 32979 );
- Notice of June 12, 2009 ( 74 FR 28437 );
- Notice of June 08, 2010 ( 75 FR 32841 );
- Notice of June 14, 2011 ( 76 FR 35093 );
- Notice of June 14, 2012 ( 77 FR 36113 );
- Notice of June 13, 2013 ( 78 FR 36081 );
- Notice of June 10, 2014 ( 79 FR 33847 )