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Executive Order 9708

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Executive Order 9708 of March 26, 1946

Specifying Communicable Diseases for the Purpose of Regulations Providing for the Apprehension, Detention, or Conditional Release of Individuals to Prevent the Introduction, Transmission, or Spread of Communicable Diseases


Whereas section 361 of the Public Health Service Act, approved July 1, 1944 (58 Stat. 703), authorizes the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service, with the approval of the Federal Security Administrator, to make and enforce such regulations as in his judgment are necessary to prevent the introduction, transmission, or spread of communicable diseases from foreign countries into the States or possessions, or from one State or possession into any other State or possession;

Whereas subsection (b) of the said section provides that regulations so prescribed shall not provide for the apprehension, detention, or conditional release of individuals except for the purpose of preventing the introduction, transmission, or spread of such communicable diseases as may be specified from time to time in Executive orders of the President upon the recommendation of the National Advisory Health Council and the Surgeon General; and

Whereas the National Advisory Health Council and the Surgeon General have recommended that the communicable diseases hereinafter named be specified pursuant to the said subsection (b):

Now, Therefore, by virtue of the authority vested in me by the Public Health Service Act, and as President of the United States, the following-named communicable diseases are hereby specified pursuant to subsection 361(b) of the Public Health Service Act:
Anthrax, Chancroid, Cholera, Dengue, Diphtheria, Favus, Gonorrhea, Granuloma Ingulnale, Infectious Encephalitis, Leprosy, Lymphogranuloma Venereum, Meningococcus Meningitis, Plague, Poliomyelitis, Psittacosis, Ringworm of the Scalp, Scarlet Fever, Smallpox, Streptococcic Sore Throat, Syphilis, Trachoma, Tuberculosis, Typhoid Fever, Typhus, Yellow Fever.
Signature of Harry S. Truman
Harry S. Truman
The White House,
March 26, 1946.

Notes[edit]

Amended by:
Revoked by:
See Related:


This work is in the public domain in the United States because it is a work of the United States federal government (see 17 U.S.C. 105).