Field Notes of Junius Henderson/Notebook 3

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Front pages[edit]

Junius Henderson
Field Notebook
No. 3
1909 - Sept. 6, 1909 Junius Henderson
Boulder, Colo

Field Note Book
No. 3

1909 - Sept. 6, 1909

Trips to the West[edit]

Journey further West to California, Winter-Summer 1909



Boulder, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, Jany 26, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg January 26, 1909

Bright, windy morning, 40¡ at 7 a. m. Went to UniversityCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg University of Colorado for receipt book, etc. Then took 11:30 train for Ft. CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado, reaching there at 1:15. Went to Northern HotelCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Northern Hotel, got lunch ordered team for tomorrow at Tate's and spent balance of day reading and writing. Retired at 8:45.

Ft. CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado, Jany 27, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg January 26, 1909

Arose at 5:45. Left hotelCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Northern Hotel at 7 a.m. with team and driver from Tate's. Cloudy and cold, east wind, clearing and warming toward noon. Took Rocky Ridge road. Saw big flock blackbirds, numerous horned larksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Eremophila alpestris, several hawks and magpiesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg magpie and one meadowlarkWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella. Reached mouth of Box ElderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Box Elder Creek, Colorado at 10 a.m. N of creek, NiobraraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Niobrara and Dakota dip 66deg, strike N 55deg E. Benton measures 143 yds horizontally across and Dakota about 100 yards. S of creek NiobraraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Niobrara dips 82¡ strike N 45¡ E carries it directly into outcrops on N side. N end of S side outcrop swings to N for last few feet. 75 horizontal yards across Benton and 75 across Dakota. Found no yellow ss in Jurassic at mouth of canyon, but the l.s. containing the fossils (of which we have had slides made) and one foot (or more) concretionary zone is present. In isolated hill inside mouth of canyon the deep red Lykins passes above into pinkish roundly massive s.s., which abruptly changes to whitish, in turn abruptly but apparently conformably into angular yellow s.s. Probably that in which Hayden found PentacrinusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pentacrinus and OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea. Above this is the fossiliferous l.s. At one point there is a marked unconformity near base of Jura for 50 ft thus ((drawing in field book)). Worked back S of Niobrara ridge, found no fossils in Benton and only InoceramusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Inoceramus and OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea fragments in the Dakota. Saw white tailed jack rabbitWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lepus townsendii. Then came back to Ft. CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado by road which passes the mouth of Owl CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Owl Creek Canyon drainage. Started back at 2:30 reaching hotel at 5:20. has been warm walking this afternoon, and bright, but a cool breeze which made overcoat comfortable when driving.

Ft. CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado, Jan 28, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg January 28, 1909

Cloudy, a strong, cold north wind. Arose at 7 a.m., left for BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado at 8 a.m.

BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, Feby 13, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg February 13, 1909

Cloudy, east wind. W. W. Robbins and I started for Green Mt.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Green Mountain, Colorado Via Skunk CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Skunk Canyon, Colorado at 9:30 a.m. Saw only usual number of magpiesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg magpie and long crested jaysWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cyanocitta stelleri, one buzzardWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Buteo, a few chickadeesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile one canyonWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Catherpes mexicanus or winter wrenWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Troglodytes hiemalis and one pine squirrelWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tamiasciurus. Robbins shot the squirrel. Not a juncoWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Junco hyemalis, tree sparrowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Spizella arborea or any other species. At noon it began snowing and continued till we reached home at 2 p.m. and balance of day.

Tuesday, Mch 2, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg March 2, 1909

Started for Ft. CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado with G. W. Bartholomew of the Portland Cement Co. on 7:50 p.m. train. Windy. Reached Ft. CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado on time and went to Northern HotelCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Northern Hotel.

Wednesday Mch 3, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg March 3, 1909

Started with Bartholomew and team from Daly and Nelson's at 7:30 a.m., for Owl CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Owl Creek Canyon, Colorado. Saw numerous shore larksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Eremophila alpestris and red winged blackbirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agelaius phoeniceus. Examined gypsum, found section thus in the Lykins: Limestone capping escarpment Red clay 75 ft Gypsum 25 ft Covered 10 ft. Crossbedded sandstone.

Reached CollinsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ft. Collins, Colorado at 3:10 p.m. Gypsum at Owl canyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Owl Creek Canyon, Colorado is crossed by west line of sec 6, tp 9 N R 69 W. Returned to BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado in Evening, reaching here at 6 p.m. Bartholomew paid me $20.00 for the trip and all expenses.



Boulder, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, March 23, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg March 23, 1909

Delightful morning, but hazy clouds. I started alone up Gregory CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Gregory Canyon, Colorado at 7:30 a.m. Six meadowlarksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella before reaching mouth of canyon. Saw Junco sp.Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Junco at mouth of Gregory CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Gregory Canyon, Colorado. Further up saw nuthatchesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sitta and took a chipmunkWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tamias and chickadeeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile. Saw a Clarke nutcrackerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Nucifraga columbiana. Passed over the divide into bear CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Bear Canyon, Colorado, where nutcrackersWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Nucifraga were plentiful, as well as chickadeesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile and nuthatchesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg nuthatch. Shot another chickadeeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile and nuthatchWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sitta. Then worked down Bear canyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Bear Canyon, Colorado and over into Skunk CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Skunk Canyon, Colorado where I shot a chickadeeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile of the other species. Just south of town heard 3 more meadowlarksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella and saw 2 bluebirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sialia and one robinWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Turdus migratorius. Long crested jaysWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cyanocitta stelleri all along the route but magpiesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg magpie only in Skunk CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Skunk Canyon, Colorado. Juncos only at mouth of GregoryCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Gregory Canyon, Colorado and mouth of Skunk CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Skunk Canyon, Colorado. Shot a nutcrackerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Nucifraga for his skeleton. Began to sprinkle just before reaching my room at the Y.M.C.A. at 6 p.m. Still raining hard when I went to bed after a dip in the swimming pool.

Boulder, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado Sunday, June 6, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 6, 1909

Went to church in forenoon. Dined with rev. Pulliam, then hurried to UniversityCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg University of Colorado and marched in the academic procession to the Presbyterian ChurchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Presbyterian Church and heard the Baccalaureate Sermon.

Monday, June 7, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 7, 1909

Very rainy day. Finished my work at museum for the semester. Saw 2 nighthawksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chordeiles minor.

Tuesday June 8, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 8, 1909

Clouds low in morning, but soon lifted. Got meals at the BoulderadoCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulderado. Took representative Chas. Hayden, a member of the advisory board, to dinner with me. In evening I went to the campus illumination etc.

Wednesday, June 9, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 9, 1909

Clear early in morning. Soon clouded. Academic procession started at 10 a.m. Took cars to ChatauquaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Chatauqua. Terrific rain and hail just as we reached the grounds, continuing for some time , then with milder force nearly all through commencement exercises. Dined at Home Lunch CounterCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Home Lunch Counter at 2 p.m., Packed trunk and left for DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado on 4:40 train, sprinkling again as I left. The foregoing 4 days record written on train just after leaving. Too busy to write it in large diary this week. The fields and prairies are beautifully green.

Birds seen: {taxon|Zenaida macroura|Doves}}, meadowlarksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella, redwingsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agelaius phoeniceus, lark buntingsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Calamospiza melanocorys, kingbirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tyrranus. Barn swallowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Hirundo rustica, Boulder CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder Creek, Clear CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Clear Creek and Platte RiverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Platte Riverhigh. Hailed as we reached DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado, got wet going to U.P. ticket office and found it locked. Returned to depot and found my sleeper ticket there. Felger (?) came into car and we had a brief talk. Left DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado for Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California at 7:05 p.m., got dinner in diner. Went to bed early. Reached CheyenneCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cheyenne, Wyoming at 10:40.

Cheyenne, Wyo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cheyenne, Wyoming, Thursday June 10, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 10, 1909

Still at Cheyenne, held up on account of floods. Cold and partly cloudy. CheyenneCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cheyenne, Wyoming paper reports 64 as maximum temperature, 45 minimum. Clear part of day. Left CheyenneCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cheyenne, Wyoming at 2 p.m., crossed Trias and Carboniferous at 2:45 and entered granite. Formations very irregular in strike and dip but mostly strike E-W and dip possibly northerly. Passed through long tunnel at 3:30 and 7 minutes later cut red sandstones again. On Laramie plains at 3:45, broad and flat, stratified rocks (Carboniferous?) to north, plain buried beneath debris mantle and rising abruptly from plains to south are mountains apparently of granite. Reached LaramieCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Laramie, Wyoming at 4 p.m.

Ogden, UtahCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ogden, Utah. June 11, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 11, 1909

Woke up at Ogden, UtahCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ogden, Utah at 5 a.m., bright, but cool, soon warming up. Mts. Bordering valley with much snow, especially at Salt LakeCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Salt Lake City, Utah. Went into diner just after leaving Salt LakeCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Salt Lake City, Utah. . Immediately after breakfast the engine broke down , causing another delay. At TinticCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tintic there are many mines ? most important camp in Utah. Beyond great scrub cedarWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg scrub cedar forests. SW of LynnCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Lyman, Utah sagebrush desert, with no grass.

Barstow, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Barstow, California, June 12, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 12, 1909

Awoke at 5:30 here, bright and quite warm. Tree yuccasWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Yucca elata here, but soon left behind, as also large "soapweed"Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Yucca glauca. Reached Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California at 11 a.m. 15 hours behind. Nellie, Henry, Alice, Ina and Cousin Mamie met me at depot and Nellie Ina and I went to the house for lunch. Spent afternoon at house. At 7 p.m. The Kittle's (sic) called for a few moments. At 8 p.m. we all went to Henry's and spent the evening with music.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, June 13, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 13, 1909

Kittle called with the auto and took Nellie, Frank and I for a ride to HollywoodCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Hollywood, California. At 4:30 Nellie and I took the "Salt Lake" train for Long beachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, where uncle George and Dr. A. L. Bryant met us at the train. After lunch we all Cloudy forenoon, sunny afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 14, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 14, 1909

Cloudy morning. I spent most of the forenoon packing 1800 shells and sea urchinsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg sea urchins Nellie had collected . In the afternoon Nellie and I walked west up the beach beyond SeasideCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seaside, California where we collected some 700 shells, mostly of CerithiidaeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cerithiidae ? They were in the sand which had been dumped out by the dredger and which formed the dyke along the channel.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, {dated|1909-06-15|June 15, 1909}}

Cloudy morning. Arose at 6:30 and packed the shells collected yesterday. Left Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California on Salt Lake car with cousin Fannie Coad and husband at 9:34 for CatalinaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Catalina, California, fare $5.00. Very calm, warm, only partly cloudy. Put up at DelmarCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Delmar, got a very poor dinner at the Klondike RestaurantCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Klondike Restaurant, then went to Seal RocksCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seal Rocks in the glass bottomed boat Hermosa. In the evening walked to a bay north of AvalonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Avalon, California. Supped at Arlington Caf?. Very good.

Avalon Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Avalon, California, June 16, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 16, 1909

Clear, calm and hot. I arose at 6:30 breakfasted and started SE along beach. Found rocks covered with limpets of several species, LittorinaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Littorina and ChlorostomaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chlorostoma. In an hour or so Nellie and Fannie joined me. We walked to Pebble BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pebble Beach, California (the town dump) and found there a few cone shells etc. on the shingle. Have seen no sandy beaches on the island yet and few pebbly ones. Sea cliff usually precipitous, porphyry and other igneous or intrusive rocks. Near Seal RocksCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seal Rocks it looked like a coarse conglomerate in places as seen from the boat. Returned to AvalonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Avalon, California at 2:45 and left on the Hermosa at 3:15, reaching Long Beach Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, Californiaat 6:15. Spent evening cleaning snails and spreading their opercula to dry. Collected 497 specimens of limpet spp.Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg limpet, Littorina sp.Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Littorina, Chlorostoma sp.Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chlorostoma, and other mollusca, but only two land snails. Island very dry.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California June 17/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 17, 1909

Spent forenoon finishing the preparation of the snails. In afternoon Nellie and I were on the beach most of the time. I left for Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California at 4:50p.m. In evening, Lu, Allie, Ina and I called on Henry and Louise and told her goodbye, as she leaves for the east tomorrow. Frank went to Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, so I have missed him. He returned on late car.



Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California June 18, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 18, 1909

Kittle and I went to GlendaleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Glendale, California in the auto. Called on Dr. Al. Bryant and Mrs. Goss, Goss being away. I left Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California for Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California on 2:30 p.m. car. Rained last night, cloudy this forenoon, clear this afternoon. In afternoon Nellie and I walked a long ways east on Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California and collected about 150 or 200 specimens of shells.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California June 19, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 19, 1909

Bright, clear and warm. At 10:30 I started for Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California on electric car. Went to City Hall and found Frank, where Kittle and Melvin joined us. Frank went to the City Club dinner, and the rest of us to a cafeteria, then at 1:30 we all started for Portuguese BendCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Portuguese Bend, above Point FirmanCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Point Firman in Kittle's auto. Left auto on bluffs and went down to beach, collected crabsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg crabs, limpetsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg limpets etc. Then got supper and made our beds, turning in at 9 p.m.

Portuguese BendCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Portuguese Bend, Cali. June 20, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 20, 1909

I arose at 5:30 and started for the beach, where the others joined me at 8:30. Got some fine material. Found Keyhole LimpetsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Fissurellidae (volcano) and large chitonsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Polyplacophora, and black abalonesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Haliotis cracherodii by turning rocks, other species (snails and bivalves) on upper surfaces of rocks. Collected a few fish also and a lizard. Fleas were very bad last night and prevented sleep. We found they were swarming along the bluffs where sheep or goats had been grazing, so we packed up and came back to Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, starting about 11:30. Has been bright and warm all day. Frank and I spent the evening at Henry's, then returned to his house. Collected over 500 specimens yesterday and today. Keyhole limpetsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Fissurellidae (volcano) only found under rocks, others under and over. Black abalonesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Haliotis cracherodii under and in crevices.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, June 21, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 21, 1909

Dense fog at 6 a.m., but cleared early. I left for Long beachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California at 10:40 but did not arrive until 11 a.m. on account of trouble with the motor. Stayed in house most of afternoon. Developed negatives in evening.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 22/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 22, 1909

Cloudy forenoon and moist. Saw several large slugsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda on sidewalk. Walked beyond SeasideCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seaside, California and collected a lot of shells etc., 67 specimens. In afternoon Nellie and I went to east San PedroCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg San Pedro, California and collected 869 shells on the SW end of Terminal IslandCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Terminal Island, possibly the residuum of erosion of Pleistocene beds, though the perfect condition of the most fragile PectensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pecten and CrucibulumWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Crucibulum are against that idea. Clear afternoon. Total collections to date 4583.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 23, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 23, 1909

Cloudy morning, nearly clear by noon. Stayed in house most of forenoon. Nellie and I went to theater and saw "Winchester" in the afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 24/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 24, 1909

Cloudy, misty morning. Nellie and I took the Seaside car at 9:50, then walked to East San PedroCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg San Pedro, California, returning on 5:45 "Salt Lake" train. Clear afternoon. Collected 1607 specimens, making a total of 5650 to date.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 25, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 25, 1909

Moist, cloudy morning. We packed yesterday's collections and swept the house in the forenoon. Clear at noon as usual.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 26, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 26, 1909

Cloudy morning, cleared before noon. I went to Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California on 10:10 a.m. car. Went to City hall and met Frank. We went to City Club and from there to Pacific Electric StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pacific Electric Station, where we started on City Club San Pedro excursion at 1:10, about 250 men in five cars. At San PedroCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg San Pedro, California the conductor announced that he could not get the power to run to Point FirmanCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Point Firman, which of course the company knew before the excursion started. So we boarded six boats and ran first through the outer harbor, then through the inner harbor to the Craig shipyards at SeasideCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seaside, California, where we went through the plant. The channels of the inner harbor reminded me of the tide flats about La ConnerCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg La Conner, Washington on Puget SoundCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Puget Sound, at high tide. At SeasideCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seaside, California we boarded electric cars and went to Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, where we dined at the Virginia then listened to talks on San PedroCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg San Pedro, California harbor by Capt. Freis, the engineer in charge of the government, and others. The ran to Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California which we reached at 11 p.m. I went home with Henry for the night. My fleabites were badly inflamed so I bathed them in a saturated solution of baking soda, which allayed the itching.

Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 27, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 27, 1909

Clear morning and warm. Henry and I went to Frank's for breakfast, then I went to Kittles, where Nellie arrived last night. We all went in the auto to a cafeteria for dinner, then rode to Eastlake ParkCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Eastlake Park and on to Huntington road, then Nellie and I came back to Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, on 4 oclock car.

Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 28, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 28, 1909

Cloudy morning, cleared soon and hot afternoon. Nellie and I went down to Naples BayCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Naples Bay, California, where we found some fine Bulla gouldianaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Bulla gouldiana, abundant CerithideaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cerithidea and MelampusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Melampus? Took car to and from Mira MarCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Miramar, California, just above head of Naples canal. Got 195 specimens (including 38 BullaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Bulla) besides 15 specimens I got this morning. Total collections to date 5860.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 29/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 29, 1909

Bright, hot day. Surf very high. In afternoon I went through the reclaimed tidelands north of SeasideCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seaside, California. CerithideaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cerithidea in enormous numbers as far as the tides reach. Melampus olivaceusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Melampus olivaceus snails nearer coast Mud pumped out by dredger contained many TagelusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tagelus, ChioneWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chione, OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea etc. and a few pectensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pecten. In evening Nellie and I attended Bide a wyle theater ? performance very poor.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 30/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg June 30, 1909

Hot and bright. I rode to Mira MarCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Miramar, California on the Naples car and took photos E and W along the coast from the point. Then took 14th st. car and went to salt marsh N of SeasideCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Seaside, California where I took 2 photos of CerithideaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cerithidea and collected 2 ternWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sternula eggs. Collected a few shells.

Long Beach Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, July 1, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 1, 1909

A hot morning, cloudy and cooler in afternoon. I went to Los CerritosCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Cerritos, California and collected 610 Pleistocene fossils, returning at 3 p.m. At 4 p.m. Nellie and I went to Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California , met Francis at the Santa Fe train. Dined at Boos CafeteriaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boos Cafeteria opposite Pacific Electric StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pacific Electric Station. Then Nellie and Francis went to Long Beach Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, Californiaand I went to Franks, where I found Zo? Dobson and her children and Gertrude Thompson.

Los Angeles,Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California Bright, hot morning. I called on Ralph Arnold at H. W. Hellman Bldg. Got dinner at Boos cafeteriaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boos cafeteria, met Nellie at Pacific Electric StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pacific Electric Station and at 1:45 we left for Santa BarbaraCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California on Southern Pacific R.R., where Kittle met us with the auto. It has been a terribly hot day, but cool at Santa BarbaraCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California. In evening we went to band concert.

Santa Barbara, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California July 3, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 3, 1909 Harl, Carl, Melonie and I went into Mission CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Mission Canyon, California before breakfast. Then we went to the beach. In afternoon went to the beach again and collected limpetsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda, etc. Bright and hot in the sun where sheltered from the wind, but wind cool. Found three species of limpetsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda, alive, and LittorinaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Littorina, one turban shellWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Turbinidae and one chitonWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Polyplacophora and one coffee bean shellWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg coffee bean shell. Many dead specimens of ConusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Conus, OlivellaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Olivella, ChamaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chama and mussels. Small mussels alive, also the peculiar non sessile barnacle like animal which we first found at Portuguese BendCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Portuguese Bend. Total collections to date 6485 + 80 = 6565.

Santa Barbara, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California July 5, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 5, 1909

Bright morning but cool breeze. Harl took the women and small children in the auto and Carl Strock, Melvin and I walked the beach a mile or so SE of the lighthouse, returning at 6:30 p.m. Collected about 130 shells. Total collections to date 6695

Santa Barbara, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, CaliforniaJuly 6, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 6, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Harl and I explored the bluffs at the bath house and collected about 400 small Pleistocene fossils, mostly gastropodsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda and fragments of BryozoaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Bryozoa. The formation dips westerly or southwesterly. On top of the next point west we found kitchen middens containing clamWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Mollusca and mussel shellsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Mollusca. I afternoon collected about 300 Pliocene at S end and on E face of Packard HillCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Packard Hill. The S end is a mass of small BryozoaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Bryozoa stems, with a few small pectensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pecten and other shells. Then Harl and wife and Nellie and I went in to the swimming pool. In evening we dined at Stocks, then they came to Kittle's and spent evening. I swam more than I have for years. Total collections to date 7395.

Santa Barbara, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California, dated|1909-07-07|July 7, 1909}}

Bright, warm morning. We left Santa BarbaraCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California, on the S. P. Ry. At 10:30 a.m., reached Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California 2:30 p.m. Went out to Frank's house, then took 5:20 electric car for Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California. Wrote a lot of letters in evening.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, July 8/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 8, 1909

Foggy morning, clearing up by 10:30. Nellie and I took 9:30 train to East San PedroCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg San Pedro, California on Salt Lake Road. There we rented a boat from Paul La Marr's boathouse and rowed to Deadman's IslandCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Deadman's Island, California. Collected limpetsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda, marine snailsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg marine snails of several species, one BullaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Bulla etc. on beach then collected fossils on east end of island. West end shows Miocene? conglomerate at base. Found no fossils. Above is a sandstone, probably lower San Pedro Pleistocene, with few fossils, of which we collected none. Above this is the upper San Pedro with several horizons filled with fine fossils. We collected several thousand. They were weathered out so that we could obtain fine specimens with but little work, especially under on((e)) ledge. at the top of the bluffs is black, soil about 2 feet in depth, containing kitchen middens, chiefly Pecten aequicoststaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pecten aequicoststa. Returned to Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California on the 5:45 train.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, June 9,1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 9, 1909

Cloudy morning. Arose at 5:30 and Nellie, Dr. Carter and I left on 7:05 a.m. train for PomonaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pomona, California (Salt Lake Route). Reached Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California at 8 a.m., left there at 8:35. reached PomonaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pomona, Californiaat 9:35 and were met at depot by John A Kennedy and taken to his home at 720 N Garey St. In Afternoon we all went out in a neighborhood auto.

Pomona, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pomona, California, July 10, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 10, 1909

Cloudy morning, soon clearing. Nellie, Dr. carter and I went for a drive with Mr. Kennedy. Went through packing house and saw them packing oranges, and through the Cannery and saw them canning and drying apricots. Then Dr. carter went to Mr. Hall's. At 1:18 we took Southern Pacific train for OntarioCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ontario, California, Lu and Frank being on board. Harry Jones met us there and drove us to Maud Harris' home 18 mi. E of OntarioCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ontario, California, and 7 mi. N of CoronaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Corona, California.

Ranch W of Ontario, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ontario, California, July 11, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 11, 1909

Very dense fog at 6 a.m., nearly clear at 9 a.m. Collected Planorbis trivalvisWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Planorbis trivalvis, P. parvusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Planorbis parvus, Physa sp.Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Physa Lymnaea bulimnoidesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lymnaea bulimnoides ? and PisidiumWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pisidium in pond at artesian well. The LymnaeaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lymnaea bulimnoides was found mostly in the mud outside the little streamlet which runs through the slough. Harris and Maud brought Frank, Nellie, Laton and I to OntarioCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ontario, California for the 5:40 train and Nellie and I reached Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California at 9 p.m., going out on the electric from Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, July 12, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 12, 1909

Foggy morning, clearing early. Spent the day in packing 5 boxes of recent and fossil shells.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, July 13/09Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 12, 1909

Foggy morning. Most common birds at Long BeachCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, are mocking birdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Mimus and Brewer blackbirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euphagus cyanocephalus. Least ? ternWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sternula antillarum common in mud flats. In harbor are ring billed gullsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Larus delawarensis and an occasional pelicanWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pelecanus. At PortugueseCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Portuguese Bend bendCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Portuguese Bend saw California quailWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Callipepla californica and road runnersWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Geococcyx and burrowing owlWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Athene cunicularia and saw former at Santa BarbaraCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Santa Barbara, California. In OntarioCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ontario, California the following:

Western mockingbirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Mimidae abundant Ark. flycatcherWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ark. flycatcher abundant Cassin flycatcherWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Muscicapa cassini few Burrowing owlWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Athene cunicularia abundant California shrikeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lanius common Brewer blackbirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euphagus cyanocephalus abundant Black phoebeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sayornis nigricans one House finchWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Carpodacus mexicanus common BuzzardWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Buteo common KilldeerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Charadrius vociferus common DoveWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zenaida macroura Common MeadowlarkWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella abundant Cliff swallowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Petrochelidon pyrrhonota abundant

Collected 3443 specimens at Deadman Isl.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Deadman's Island, California And OntarioCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Ontario, California. Total to date 10, 838

Shipped six boxes early in afternoon to BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, by Salt lake and Union Pacific, paying $7.50 freight. Later in afternoon Nellie and I went east on beach and collected 470 fossils from base of cliff and also from half way to top. The TagelusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tagelus all came from upper horizon, also collected 10 recent shells. Total collections to date 11,318.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, July 14, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 14, 1909

Cloudy morning, as usual, Clear before noon. Packed my trunk in forenoon. Went to beach to see Elk national Convention crowd in afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Long Beach, California, July 15, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 15, 1909

Cloudy morning. Nellie and I came to Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California on the 10:30 a.m. electric, sending my trunk on the Salt Lake. At L.A.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, Californiawe stood on a box and saw part of the Elk's parade, got lunch at small restaurant opposite Pacific Electric StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Pacific Electric Station, then I went to Salt Lake StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Salt Lake Station and from there to Frank's house. In evening, we all went to Frank's office in City Hall and saw electric parade of floats on street car tracks. Hot afternoon, cool evening.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, July 16, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 16, 1909

I stayed at Franks house until late afternoon, then Frank and I went to RedondoCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Redondo Beach, California and tried new bath house, returning at 7 p.m.Nellie went with Ina to see parade, and Maud Harris and husband and her mother came back with them. Cloudy morning and evening, bright afternoon.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, July 17, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 17, 1909

Cloudy morning, clear but hazy at 8 a.m. I called on Louise Thompson Lampshire at here (sic) store on Pico St., then went with her to her home to see her daughter margaret. Afterwards visited Chamber of Commerce builing. Reached house at 12:15. In evening, Nellie, Lucy and I went to Henry's.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, July 18, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 18, 1909

Very bright, warm morning, but cool breeze soon sprang up. Frank, Henry, Lucy, Nellie and I went to GlendaleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Glendale, California on the 10:30 car, dined at Dr. A. L. Bryant's and I spent afternoon looking over R. D. Goss' shell collection. Henry and Frank returned early the rest of us leaving there about 6:30 p.m.

Boulder to Colorado Mountain Towns[edit]

Boulder to Mountain Towns (Tolland (now a Ghost Town), Newcastle, Meeker, Rifle, etc)



Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, July 17, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 17, 1909

Cloudy morning, clear but hazy at 8 a.m. I called on Louise Thompson Lampshire at here (sic) store on Pico St., then went with her to her home to see her daughter margaret. Afterwards visited Chamber of Commerce builing. Reached house at 12:15. In evening, Nellie, Lucy and I went to Henry's.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, July 18, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 18, 1909

Very bright, warm morning, but cool breeze soon sprang up. Frank, Henry, Lucy, Nellie and I went to GlendaleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Glendale, California on the 10:30 car, dined at Dr. A. L. Bryant's and I spent afternoon looking over R. D. Goss' shell collection. Henry and Frank returned early the rest of us leaving there about 6:30 p.m.

Los Angeles, Cali.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, Monday {{dated}1909-07-19|July 19, 1909}}

Usual fog this morning. Left Los AngelesCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Los Angeles, California, on Salt Lake Road at 10 a.m., still hazy. Not as warm as I expected in forenoon, but afternoon very bright and hot on desert. T 96+ at 6 p.m.

July 20, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 20, 1909

Bright morning. For the first time I shaved while train was in motion and with not trouble or cuts. Cool breeze all day. Fine stream and marshes for mollusks etc. , just east of EvansCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Evans, California. Does not look good for fossils. Red predominates in rocks from Salt LakeCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Great Salt Lake to EvansCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Evans, California. and further. The tunnel 50 minutes from EvansCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Evans, California. (east) occupied 4 1/2 minutes at fair speed. Bluffs, probably Tertiary, appeared on both sides before reaching GrangerCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Granger, Wyoming, bounding (sic) the broad shallow valley of a stream. At Green RiverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Green River, Colorado the lower part of bluffs very light colored, darker above and nearly red at top.

Cheyenne, Wyo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cheyenne, Wyoming Wednesday July 21, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 21, 1909

Bright morning. Left CheyenneCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cheyenne, Wyomingat 8;35 a.m. Quite warm at noon. Reached DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado at 11:35. Felger (?) met me at Depot and we talked over our coming trip as we visited D and R. G. offices. I left for BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado on 12:30 train. Had Yates take me and my baggage to the museum, where I unpacked my trunk and examine my mail. Then went to Boulderado HotelCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulderado Hotel, took a bath and dined. Fine rain at 6 p.m. Everything here is green and beautiful. I am told that rain has been abundant.

Boulder, ColoCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, July 22, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 22, 1909

Quite warm today. I have written a large number of letters, finished packing and shipping our goods to Newcastle, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado, for our trip. Terry Duce called in evening to talk over trip.

Boulder, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, July 23, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 23, 1909

Cooler. At 1 p.m. there was a terrific thunderstorm. Two or three people drowned and others injured in flood in Two Mile canyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Two Mile Canyon, Colorado. Terry Duce called in evening for final instructions.

Boulder, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado, July 24, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 24, 1909

Hot morning, partly cloudy, remaining so through the day. Finished reading Enos a Mills' "Wild Life on the Rockies" Went to DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado on 6;30 p.m. interurban, riding in seat with henry Drumm. Went to Albany HotelCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Albany Hotel and got a room and retired early.

Denver, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado, July 25, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 25, 1909

Arose at 6 a.m. Found W. W. Robbins and mother on 17th St. and took them to breakfast at home dairy. Then went to Union DepotCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Union Depot and arranged for transfer of Mrs. Robbins baggage, walked to Moffat DepotCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Moffat Depot and took 8 a.m. train, which was crowded. Bright but comfortable morning. Reached TollandCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado at 10:15. Dr. Ramaley and I went down gulch a short distance from the mountain laboratory. Tolland is 8889 ft. above sea level in a fine mountain valley, modified by glacial action. Moraine consists chiefly of granite and gneiss, and have been cut through by South Boulder CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Creek, Colorado. Down creek in forenoon we saw white crowned sparrows, Lincoln sparrowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Melospiza lincolnii and Brewer blackbirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euphagus cyanocephalus, besides a small bird which looked much like a chipping sparrowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Spizella passerina. In afternoon, Robbins, Prosser and I went up stream and collected several species of snailsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda under aspensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Populus. In evening I identified and labelled the birds collected by Robbins.


Tolland, Col.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado,July 26, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 26, 1909

Bright, hot morning, cooler and partly cloudy toward 10 a.m. Arose at 6 a.m. and went down gulch to RollinsvilleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rollinsville, Colorado with Ramaley, eating fruit and crackers along the way. The moraines end where the gulch narrows below TollandCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado. White crowned sparrowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zonotrichia leucophrys, hummingbirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Trochilidae and magpiesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Corvidae common. A few chickadeesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile. One grayheaded juncoWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Junco hyemalis caniceps at Rollinsville StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rollinsville, Colorado. A few barn swallowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Hirundo rustica and numbers of Brewer blackbirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euphagus cyanocephalus. At 2 p.m. I lectured at the mountain laboratoryCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory on "birds and their relation to man" and at 7 p.m. on "the large mammals of the United States". In latter part of afternoon I helped Rollins pack the collections. Rained hard from 3 to 4 p.m.

Tolland, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado, July 27, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 27, 1909

Bright, cool, windy morning, heavy bank of clouds to the west over the range, soon breaking up. Spent most of forenoon packing up, but collected leechesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Annelidae, CrustaceaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Crustacea and water beetlesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg water beetles for half an hour in the lake north of the laboratory. At 2 p.m. lectured at laboratory on birds, including a general account of Colorado birds. At 4:30 Robbins and I went down valley a short distance. At 5:30 there were 15 night hawks hovering over the meadow. At 6 p.m. saw none. Barn swallowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Hirundo rustica abundant, violet green less so. At 7 p.m. I lectured at the laboratory on "Glaciers of Colorado, existing and extinct".

Tolland, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado, July 28, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 28, 1909

Bright, fresh, breezy morning. Started for Jenny Lake at 10:15. Robbins and I and Mr. And Mrs. Pennoc and Miss Wollman. Came down gulch on foot. In pond at 10,500 ft collected PisidiaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pisidia and water beetles. On way back saw 3 hermit thrushesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Catharus guttatus, one young. At Newcomb, 9300 ft., saw 2 red shafted flickerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Colaptes auratus and a western robinWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg western robin. At railroad bridge saw a night hawkWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chordeilinae at 4:30 flying very high. The country traversed today is heavily glaciated. The Forest lake and the two above it and many others occur in a valley heading in a glacial cirque. Some are rock basins, others morainal. There are rock ridges cutting across the gulch, as at North BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg North Boulder Gulch and Camp AlbionCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Camp Albion Gulch gulches. That gulch leads into another, which in twin leads into South Boulder CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Creek, Colorado (see map in paper by Ramaley or Robbins). Glaciation extends down South BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Creek, Colorado to a mile or so below TollandCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado. Below that we saw no plain evidence of it. Up creek a gulch coming in from the south looks even more heavily glaciated. Perhaps this is because the topography is not so much affected by post-glacial erosion. The bird fauna as I have noticed it of this region is as follows: Red shafted flickerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Colaptes auratus
Brewer blackbirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euphagus cyanocephalus
Red naped sapsuckerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Barn swallowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Hirundo rustica
Violet green swallowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tachycineta thalassiana
Night hawkWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chordeilinae
Red wing blackbirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agelaius phoeniceus
White crown sparrowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zonotrichia leucophrys
KilldeerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Charadrius vociferus (Robbins)
Golden crowned kingletWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Regulus satrapa
Pine grosbeakWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pinicola enucleator (higher up)
Audubon hermit thrushWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Catharus guttatus (higher up)
Chipping sparrowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Spizella passerina ?
Broadwing hummingbirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Trochilidae
Gray headed juncoWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Junco hyemalis caniceps- RollinsvilleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rollinsville, Colorado to timberline
ChickadeeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Poecile
MagpieWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Magpie
DipperWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cinclus
Mt. BluebirdWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sialia
Red headed woodpeckerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Melanerpes erythrocephalus (one specimen)
Western meadowlarkWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella
Long crested jayWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cyanocitta stelleri
Clarke crowWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Nucifraga columbiana (Robbins)
Rocky Mt. JayWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cyanocitta stelleri (specimen thrown away)
Yellow warblerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Dendroica aestiva (Robbins)
RobinWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Turdus migratorius to timberline

The robinsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Turdus migratorius I have seen are the western but a specimen taken by Robbins has the white tips of outer tail feather very distinct. In catching the large (1/2 inch long) water beetlesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg water beetles today I noticed that I could not catch them at all by grabbing at them as they rested on the surface of the water, but never failed when I dipped my hand quickly but quietly beneath them and scooped them up. Very few clouds through the day, rather warm , sprinkled a little in evening.

Tolland, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado, July 29, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 29, 1909

Warm morning, but partly cloudy. Rained hard during night. At 8:45 Robbins and I started west on the partly completed state road to apex, which climbs the south side of South Boulder canyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Canyon, Colorado. Fine view of Boulder ParkCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder Park. The park is a partly filled and partly drained morainal lake, the moraine being just east of the railroad station a few hundred rods, the remnant of the lake being north of the station. A strip of considerable width through the park has been reworked by South Boulder CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Creek, Colorado since the glacier retreated. The terrace is sharply outlined on each side of the present course of the stream, and numerous small lagoons mark the cut-off oxbow loops. The present stream shows a beautiful system of meanders. Along the road a short distance from the village are several deposits of slide rock separated from the main ridge by a shallow depression. . They lie on a steep slope and are apparently the result of rock sliding over a post glacial snow and ice bank for years and stopping at the foot of the ice or snow. The moraine here extends up the slopes several hundred feet. There appears to be a roche moutonee within South Boulder canyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Canyon, Colorado. At mouth of Mammoth GulchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Mammoth Gulch the moraine is very deep, perhaps 200 or 300 ft. On each side there is a hummocky lateral moraine. Two long, parallel, narrow ridges extend up gulch for a mile. Between them flows the creek. E of the E ridge is a wet valley in which but little water now flows. To the W of the W ridge is the Teller LakeCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Teller Lake and its valley. Perhaps the two stream valleys were subglacial stream beds and continued to flow from the end of the retreating glacier. Certainly there must have been considerable post glacial erosion, as the grade of the gulch is steep and the present stream is swift. The whole wide valley is a beautiful example of glacial topography. The glacier headed on E side of James PeakCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg James Peak, Colorado. Teller LakeCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Teller Lake is morainal, and is very near the mouth of the gulch. At present South BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Creek, Colorado is the main stream and Mammoth is a tributary. Came down E valley on way back, and followed railroad through cuts which expose gneiss ridges extending out diagonally into the South Boulder valleyCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South Boulder Canyon, apparently the result of fluting by the glacier as in the upper North Boulder canyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg North Boulder Canyon. A rough diagram is as follows: ((Drawing in field book)). Rained hard at 1 p.m. and continued fitfully through afternoon.

Tolland, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado, July 30, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 30, 1909

Fine, bright morning, cold at first but soon warming. Had early breakfast. Miss Kirkton left on 7:05 train for her home in Canyon (sic) CityCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cañon City. After breakfast we finished packing everything which is to be shipped from the laboratory and got outfit to the train by 11:30. Very tired. Miss Bruderlin, Robbins and mother, Miss McKenzie and I left TollandCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Tolland, Colorado on 3:56 train for DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado. Reached DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado at 6 p.m. Felger met us at Moffat depotCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Moffat depot and helped with baggage to Union depotCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Union depot where we checked it. The others went to BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado and I went with Felger to spend the night at his home. Page:Field Notes of Junius Henderson, Notebook 3.pdf/53

Denver, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado, July 31, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg July 31, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Felger and I left DenverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Denver, Colorado on D & R.G. at 8 a.m. Cloudy with cool breeze most of day. Reached NewcastleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado at 11:30 p.m. and went to Albany HotelCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Albany Hotel.



Newcastle, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 1, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 1, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Up at 6:30 and found Terry Duce at hotel. ((J. Terry Duce later became a famous oil geologist. He was sent to all parts of the world and while there often collected specimens for us. We have many butterfliesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg butterfly from South AmericaCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg South America that he collected and sent here.)) After breakfast, Felger, Terry and I walked up Elk CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Elk Creek, Colorado half a mile to the camp of the U. S. Geol. Survey party which is engaged in coal land work under Albert E. Beekley. At W edge of town the end of the Great Hogback has strata dipping about S by W. After noon we circled the big hill north of town, Felger soon turning back. Terry and I going across the valley to the lower Mancos lying along the bluffs. We found dead Oreohelix haydeni gobbianaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix haydeni gobbiana sprinkling the slopes wherever we went, following up to the top of the mesa we found them alive under mountain mahoganyWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cercocarpus, but not elsewhere. The strata dip approximately S and the angle is 35¡ or 40¡. At top of mesa is a conglomerate composed of boulders up to 18 inches diameter of red sandstone well cemented. Then we followed along the limestone and calcareous shales resembling the Niobrara of Owl CanyonCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Owl Canyon, Colorado region, and found Inoceramus deformisWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Inoceramus deformis and Ostrea congestaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea congesta. Proceeding up to the pond on Elk CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Elk Creek, Colorado above the U. S. G. S. camp and collected CrustaceaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Crustacea, beetlesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Coleoptera, etc. and then found Oreohelix cooperiWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix cooperi ? under PopulusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Populus logs and Pyramidula cockerelliWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pyramidula cockerelli. Then visited camp and met Beekley. He said the sandstone forming S face of hill N of town and NE face of hill W of town is base of Mesa Verde formation. ((Two drawings in note book, one a sketch map of the Newcastle area and one a cross section)) Mancos = Benton, Niobrara and lower Pierre Mesa Verde = upper Pierre and Fox Hills

The lower Mancos shows black shales overlaid by limestone like Benton and Niobrara, the limestone containing Inoceramus deformis and Ostrea congestaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea congesta. Went to M. E. church in evening. W. W. Robbins arrived on the 11:15 train. Sprinkled most of afternoon and until midnight.

Newcastle, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 2, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 2, 1909

Bright, hot morning. Robbins and I arose at 6 a.m., got breakfast, got our freight and baggage to liver stable and I unpacked it while Robbins went collecting plants. In afternoon Felger, Robbins, Terry and I followed S side of Grand RiverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Grand River, Colorado down to first gulch - Alkali GulchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Alkali Gulch, Colorado - Robbins for plants, Felger for birds, Terry and I for fossils. The Mesa Verde formation is mostly sandstone, partly massive with some shales or very fine, rather friable sandstones. In Alkali GulchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Alkali Gulch, Colorado, just above a coal vein on the east side, we found many leaves like the Laramie material, in sandstone. This coal vein seems to continue westward to the Keystone Coal MineCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Keystone Coal Mine. It has been worked on W side of Alkali GulchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Alkali Gulch, Coloradoand again on SE side of river opposite Keystone MineCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Keystone Mine. Up Alkali GulchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Alkali Gulch we found a stratum of sandstone strongly impregnated with iron oxide, containing many leaves, and collected a bag full, including fragments of palmWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Arecaceae leaves. Returned at 4:30. It has been very hot. Nelson from the U.S.G.S camp says magnetic declination here is 15¡35' E.

Newcastle, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 3, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 3, 1909

Bright, cool morning. Had a splendid night's sleep. Got a 3-inch covered wagon and team from Hugh Miller and spent forenoon packing and loading the wagon. Left NewcastleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado at 1;30 p.m. Drove up Elk CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Elk Creek, Colorado to the forks, then a short distance up main fork (west fork) and photographed the conglomerate unconformably overlying upturned edges of Mancos, looking south, and the lower Mancos (= Niobrara l.s.) looking west. The N side of gulch has Niobrara l.s. and Benton shale on basal slope of gulch wall, backed by what resembles Dakota sandstone. Back of this are variegated shales, with probable l.s. like Morrison, all underlaid by red beds as east of the range. Far north is a different formation. Niobrara where we photographed it has 70¡ dip SW, strike NW, overlaid by "paper" shales as at Six MileCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Six Mile Reservoir, Colorado N of BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado. The conglomerate over the edges of these formations contains granite, gneiss and red and white s.s. boulders up to 18 inch diameter, quite hard. Mancos shales extend up on slope of south wall, capped by Mesa Verde. At top of Benton in one place I found a shaly sandstone containing plant stems as north of BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado. Where Elk CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Elk Creek, Colorado breaks through the "Dakota" we left it and kept on west by north. Here the Dakota extends to base of slope of canyon wall. On south wall of canyon, in Mesa Verde formation, coal is burning or has burnt for (sic) NewcastleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado at least four miles up Elk CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Elk Creek, Colorado. We camped a short distance NE of Rifle GapCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rifle Gap State Park, at 7:30 p.m., got to bed a little after ten.

Rifle GapCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rifle Gap State Park, Aug 4, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 4, 1909

Arose at 6:30. After breakfast Terry and I started down into the Gap on the SE side of creek. Between the first well defined sandstone ledge and the second we found Cardium speciosumWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cardium speciosum, MactraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Mactra, OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea, AnchuraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Anchura, LunatiaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lunatia and other gastropodsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda in float rock. Immediately above the second ledge we found a fossiliferous stratum 2 or 3 ft. in thickness, dipping S angle 73¡, containing Anomia raeti-Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Anomia formis [?], CorbiculaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Corbicula, OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea, and with no CardiumWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cardium or gastropodsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gastropoda. The first s.s. does not make a ridge on the W side of the gap. Above the next s.s. is a coal vein which has been worked somewhat on both sides of gap. This is overlaid by clay shales, then sandy shales. About 100 ft. above this is a series of burned s.s. and clays which I estimated to be 200 ft. thick, probably metamorphosed by burning of coal veins. This is overlaid by a massive s.s. like the Laramie, which in turn is overlaid by alternating s.s. etc. as below. I notice two more coal openings above this on W side of gap, the uppermost but little below the upper ridge making sandstone ledge. All along the sandy slope we found dead Oreohelix cooperiWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix cooperi, but saw no live ones, though, for that matter, I did not look for them. Took one picture looking at the W side of the gap, down stream, another of the lower Mesa Verde on the W side from the E side. Another of the upper fossil outcrop on E side. Reached camp at 1:30 p.m.. Very hot forenoon. Afternoon I cleaned the OreohelixWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix from NewcastleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Newcastle, Colorado and found both species to contain young. Then at 4 p.m. Terry and I visited the very steep slope showing upper Mancos shales and lower Mesa Verde sandstones. I the lower Mesa Verde we found a thick stratum (about 8 inches) filled with fossils, including BaculitesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Baculites, BryozoaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Bryozoa, Serpula markmaniWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Serpula markmani, AnchuraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Anchura, et al., but no CardiumWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cardium, MactraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Mactra, CallistaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Callista or OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea. The three faunas we have found here are very distinct. In this last horizon we also found 2 specimens of Halymenites majorWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Halymenites major and many plant stems, probably marine. Reached camp at 6:30, retired at 9:30 Rifle GapCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rifle, Colorado, Aug 5, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 5, 1909

Hot bright morning. Up at 6:30, broke camp and started for Pieance (sic) CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Piceance Creek, Colorado at 8:30. Put on the odometer after travelling one mile by mile post. Saw meadowlarksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sturnella, mourning dovesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zenaida macroura, many pinon jaysWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, long crested jaysWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cyanocitta stelleri, Arkansas flycatchersWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Tyrranus verticalis, one Louisiana tanagerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Piranga ludoviciana, rock wrenWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Salpinctes obsoletus. As we passed out of the gap we found sandstones etc, dipping to the S or SW about 10°. These I take for Wasatch. Between these and the Mesa Verde sandstones are varicolored marls which surely are Wasatch. I believe that the entire series from the upper Mesa Verde sandstones to the top of the Book CliffsCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Book Cliffs is probably referable to Wasatch. At one point on Government CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Government Creek, Colorado there appeared to be an unconformity, sandstones resting apparently unconformably on the varicolored. However it seems to be in the axis of a fold and may be faulted. The Gov. Cr. GulchCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Government Creek, Colorado, instead of approximately following the Mesa Verde - Wasatch contact, slowly passes into the latter. We reached Rio Blanco Stage StationCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado, 3/4 mil from Rio Blanco P.O.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado ((on)) Piceance CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Piceance Creek, 20 miles N of RifleCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rifle, Colorado, in Rio Blanco Co.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco County, Colorado at 5:15 p.m. and camped, having stopped for an hour shortly after noon to feed the horses., where there was little water for them. Water at Rifle GapCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rifle Gap State Park was very poor, creek water being used from the creek by the ranchers and being affected by irrigation. At Piceance CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Piceance Creek it was a little better but alkaline.

Rio Blanco, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado, Aug 6, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 6, 1909

It began raining before daylight and still continues. About 10 a.m., after carrying a lot of wood half a mile for camp use, Terry and I started up creek through the gap on Piceance CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Piceance Creek, circa 1/2 mile E of Rio Blanco P.O.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado At its mouth is a coarse conglomerate which is likely the base of the Tertiary. Below it lies the usual series of Mesa Verde sandstones, clays and coal. The walking through wet weeds and mud was hard, so we did not do much climbing and found no fossils except one Halymenites majorWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Halymenites major, which Terry found at the base of the Mesa Verde. Dips vary somewhat, owing to folds, but in general are westerly, from Rifle GapCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rifle Gap State Park northward. ((This is the west side of the "Grand Hogback", one of the major physiographic features of NW Colorado)) In the gap here above Rio BlancoCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado is a small reservoir, where we collected one leechWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg leech, a lot of small PhysaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Physa and water bugsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg water bugs. Under logs we got ZonitoidesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zonitoides ? and Euconulus trochiformisWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euconulus trochiformis. Dead Oreohelix cooperiWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix cooperi were somewhat common about the scrub oaksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Quercus. I found two live ones clinging to the upper surface of rocks beneath oaksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Quercus. Red wing blackbirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agelaius phoeniceus and bluebirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sialia are common here. Also a large ground squirrelWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg ground squirrel. We returned to camp about 1:30, wet and tired. At 4 p.m. I started up creek again, rain having ceased. Found Oreohelix cooperiWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix cooperi very abundant under aspensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Populus, etc, crawling about in the moist atmosphere. Under one small alderWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Alnus I picked up 25 live ones. In the same place under aspenWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Populus sticks I found PyramidulaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pyramidula, ZonitoidesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zonitoides, ValloniaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Vallonia, VitrinaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Vitrina, EuconulusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euconulus, ThysanophoraWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Thysanophora, PupillaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pupilla, VertigoWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Vertigo (gastropod) and perhaps others and an AgriolimaxWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agriolimax further up. In creek I found one dead Lymnaea bulimnoidesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lymnaea bulimnoides (perhaps variety) and a few dead valves of PisidiumWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pisidium which could not be saved. In the reservoir a mile up creek I got Physa sp.Wikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Physa The OreohelixWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix were on slopes of Mesa Verde sandstone, as well as the other land snails. Rained again while I was out. This noon the wind was east. Now it is south and it looks more threatening than ever, so we have ditched about the tent.

Rio Blanco, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado Aug 7, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 7, 1909

Rained more toward morning. Broke camp at 8:30 and started north through Rio Blanco, P.O.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Rio Blanco, Colorado to MeekerCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Meeker, Colorado, still cloudy. About 5 miles from camp we saw ravensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Corvus and three eaglesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Accipitridae. It rained soon after noon. Reached MeekerCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Meeker, Colorado, at about 5 p.m., and camped in a vacant lot in east part of town. We may get put off by the owner, but hope not. Clear and warm the latter part of afternoon. BluebirdsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sialia common here. Saw a few Say phoebesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sayornis saya. On road Brewer sparrowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Spizella breweri and lark sparrowsWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chondestes grammacus were abundant DovesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zenaida macroura numerous here, not so on the road. Saw two more eaglesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Accipitridae just as we reached the White RiverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg White River, Colorado. This river is very muddy, and about 40 to 100 ft. wide now. Good water in town waterworks but somewhat alkaline. We passed back from the Wasatch formation to the Mesa Verde long before reaching White RiverCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg White River, Colorado.

Meeker, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Meeker, Colorado, Aug 8, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 8, 1909

Rained hard during night. Bright, warm morning. Robbins and I started out at 9 a.m., going up to Flag CreekCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Flag Creek, Colorado road to cross river to south side. The valley here occupies the upper Mancos formation, with Mesa Verde forming strong bluffs on North side. Dip approximately 15° NW. The Mesa Verde, as usual, is composed mainly of sandstones, with some shales. Several coal veins crop out along the bluffs, at least one of which is being worked. Where we reached the south side of the river a low bluff is composed of shaley sandstone like portions of the Pierre north of BoulderWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Boulder, Colorado. The south boundary of the valley is not at all abrupt. Proceeding up valley we noted two distinct terraces on each side thus: ((drawing in field book)). Did not visit the higher one, but the lower is covered with a cap of boulders, as at BoulderCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Boulder, Colorado. About 2 miles up the valley on south side the dip in the Mancos shales is a little east of south. There we found in abundance an OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea and numerous fragments of a large species of an InoceramusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Inoceramus which I cannot recognize. At that point the north slope was strewn with small OreohelixWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Oreohelix (dead shells) and under Amelanchier alnifoliaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Amelanchier alnifolia and Cercocarpus parvifoliusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cercocarpus (mt. mahogany) [ed. not C. parvifolius] we found numbers of live ones, mostly under the former, only two or three under the latter. Collected a lot of them, thinking they may be new. Also found under a plank near a ditch a SuccineaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Succinea and several AgriolimaxWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agriolimax (small specimens). In the ditches and small overflow sloughs of the river Lymnaea palustrisWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Lymnaea palustris and a large PhysaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Physa are abundant. Collected a few crustaceans in an irrigating ditch. Returned to camp at noon. It has been very hot walking. Had fried chicken and lemonade for dinner. In late afternoon I turned over a few logs in a pasture near camp and collected a few EuconulusWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Euconulus, PyramidulaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Pyramidula, ZonitoidesWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Zonitoides and one AgriolimaxWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Agriolimax. ValloniaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Vallonia not found abundantly on this trip yet, as in eastern foothills of Colorado. At 8 p.m. we had another hard rain, with strong east wind. A storm worked eastward to the south of us earlier in the evening and another worked toward us from the southwest. I believe this latter is the one that struck us but I am not sure.

Meeker, Colo.Commons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Meeker, Colorado, Aug. 9, 1909Wikipedia-logo-v2.svg August 9, 1909

Cloudy morning, and rather sultry. Robbins started out at 8 a.m. to collect plants. Terry went with him to look for fossils in the Mesa Verde sandstone bluffs north of town and I stayed in camp to wash dishes etc., as Felger wished to collect birds and mammals. About 9 a.m. W. A. Kyser (sic), who lives across the street from camp and teaches some nearby school, and J. L. Riland, editor of one of the Meeker papers and superintendent of schools, called and spent an hour. They are very pleasant gentlemen and the latter offered to supply me with specimens of vanadium, uranium etc from this region. Later Mr. Burnham, who lives 3 miles out of town, called and told us of a fossil locality on east slope of Cedar RidgeCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Cedar Ridge, Colorado, about 4 miles east of town. After dinner Mr. Keyser hitched up his horse and took terry and me up there. The ridge is a dome foldCommons-logo.svgOpenstreetmap logo.svg Meeker Dome ((Meeker Dome)), bringing the Dakota up and exposing it by the denudation of the overlying Mancos. In one place a gulch exposes Jurassic strata. To the east and west are Mancos shales. The basal Mancos on the east is composed of hard black shales, with a sandstone above containing numerous plant stems. In it I found several poorly preserved Inoceramus dissimilisWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Inoceramus dissimilis and some unrecognizable OstreaWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Ostrea. Returned at 5:13 p.m. At about 2 p.m. it rained in camp, and sprinkled where we were, the rain coming from the southwest. Mr. Pratt, a guide, called at camp in late afternoon. Up the river I saw in addition to the usual birds, one Say phoebeWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Sayornis saya, and 16 ravensWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Corvus in one flock. In camp, later, saw six nighthawksWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Chordeilinae. Felger took a Lewis woodpeckerWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Melanerpes lewis. White tailed prairie dogWikispecies-logo.svgCommons-logo.svg Cynomys leucurus common from the divide south of Piceance CreekCommons-logo.svg