Field Notes of Junius Henderson/Notebook 3

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1225100Field Notes of Junius Henderson — Notebook 3: 1909Junius Henderson

Front pages[edit]

Junius Henderson
Field Notebook
No. 3
1909 - Sept. 6, 1909 Junius Henderson
Boulder, Colo

Field Note Book
No. 3

1909 - Sept. 6, 1909

Trips to the West[edit]

Journey further West to California, Winter-Summer 1909



Boulder, Colo. Boulder, Colorado, Jany 26, 1909 January 26, 1909

Bright, windy morning, 40¡ at 7 a. m. Went to University University of Colorado for receipt book, etc. Then took 11:30 train for Ft. Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado, reaching there at 1:15. Went to Northern Hotel Northern Hotel, got lunch ordered team for tomorrow at Tate's and spent balance of day reading and writing. Retired at 8:45.

Ft. Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado, Jany 27, 1909 January 26, 1909

Arose at 5:45. Left hotel Northern Hotel at 7 a.m. with team and driver from Tate's. Cloudy and cold, east wind, clearing and warming toward noon. Took Rocky Ridge road. Saw big flock blackbirds, numerous horned larks Eremophila alpestris, several hawks and magpies magpie and one meadowlark Sturnella. Reached mouth of Box Elder Box Elder Creek, Colorado at 10 a.m. N of creek, Niobrara Niobrara and Dakota dip 66deg, strike N 55deg E. Benton measures 143 yds horizontally across and Dakota about 100 yards. S of creek Niobrara Niobrara dips 82¡ strike N 45¡ E carries it directly into outcrops on N side. N end of S side outcrop swings to N for last few feet. 75 horizontal yards across Benton and 75 across Dakota. Found no yellow ss in Jurassic at mouth of canyon, but the l.s. containing the fossils (of which we have had slides made) and one foot (or more) concretionary zone is present. In isolated hill inside mouth of canyon the deep red Lykins passes above into pinkish roundly massive s.s., which abruptly changes to whitish, in turn abruptly but apparently conformably into angular yellow s.s. Probably that in which Hayden found Pentacrinus Pentacrinus and Ostrea Ostrea. Above this is the fossiliferous l.s. At one point there is a marked unconformity near base of Jura for 50 ft thus ((drawing in field book)). Worked back S of Niobrara ridge, found no fossils in Benton and only Inoceramus Inoceramus and Ostrea Ostrea fragments in the Dakota. Saw white tailed jack rabbit Lepus townsendii. Then came back to Ft. Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado by road which passes the mouth of Owl Canyon Owl Creek Canyon drainage. Started back at 2:30 reaching hotel at 5:20. has been warm walking this afternoon, and bright, but a cool breeze which made overcoat comfortable when driving.

Ft. Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado, Jan 28, 1909 January 28, 1909

Cloudy, a strong, cold north wind. Arose at 7 a.m., left for Boulder Boulder, Colorado at 8 a.m.

Boulder Boulder, Colorado, Feby 13, 1909 February 13, 1909

Cloudy, east wind. W. W. Robbins and I started for Green Mt. Green Mountain, Colorado Via Skunk Canyon Skunk Canyon, Colorado at 9:30 a.m. Saw only usual number of magpies magpie and long crested jays Cyanocitta stelleri, one buzzard Buteo, a few chickadees Poecile one canyon Catherpes mexicanus or winter wren Troglodytes hiemalis and one pine squirrel Tamiasciurus. Robbins shot the squirrel. Not a junco Junco hyemalis, tree sparrow Spizella arborea or any other species. At noon it began snowing and continued till we reached home at 2 p.m. and balance of day.

Tuesday, Mch 2, 1909 March 2, 1909

Started for Ft. Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado with G. W. Bartholomew of the Portland Cement Co. on 7:50 p.m. train. Windy. Reached Ft. Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado on time and went to Northern Hotel Northern Hotel.

Wednesday Mch 3, 1909 March 3, 1909

Started with Bartholomew and team from Daly and Nelson's at 7:30 a.m., for Owl Canyon Owl Creek Canyon, Colorado. Saw numerous shore larks Eremophila alpestris and red winged blackbirds Agelaius phoeniceus. Examined gypsum, found section thus in the Lykins: Limestone capping escarpment Red clay 75 ft Gypsum 25 ft Covered 10 ft. Crossbedded sandstone.

Reached Collins Ft. Collins, Colorado at 3:10 p.m. Gypsum at Owl canyon Owl Creek Canyon, Colorado is crossed by west line of sec 6, tp 9 N R 69 W. Returned to Boulder Boulder, Colorado in Evening, reaching here at 6 p.m. Bartholomew paid me $20.00 for the trip and all expenses.



Boulder, Colo. Boulder, Colorado, March 23, 1909 March 23, 1909

Delightful morning, but hazy clouds. I started alone up Gregory Canyon Gregory Canyon, Colorado at 7:30 a.m. Six meadowlarks Sturnella before reaching mouth of canyon. Saw Junco sp. Junco at mouth of Gregory Canyon Gregory Canyon, Colorado. Further up saw nuthatches Sitta and took a chipmunk Tamias and chickadee Poecile. Saw a Clarke nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana. Passed over the divide into bear Canyon Bear Canyon, Colorado, where nutcrackers Nucifraga were plentiful, as well as chickadees Poecile and nuthatches nuthatch. Shot another chickadee Poecile and nuthatch Sitta. Then worked down Bear canyon Bear Canyon, Colorado and over into Skunk Canyon Skunk Canyon, Colorado where I shot a chickadee Poecile of the other species. Just south of town heard 3 more meadowlarks Sturnella and saw 2 bluebirds Sialia and one robin Turdus migratorius. Long crested jays Cyanocitta stelleri all along the route but magpies magpie only in Skunk Canyon Skunk Canyon, Colorado. Juncos only at mouth of Gregory Gregory Canyon, Colorado and mouth of Skunk Canyon Skunk Canyon, Colorado. Shot a nutcracker Nucifraga for his skeleton. Began to sprinkle just before reaching my room at the Y.M.C.A. at 6 p.m. Still raining hard when I went to bed after a dip in the swimming pool.

Boulder, Colo. Boulder, Colorado Sunday, June 6, 1909 June 6, 1909

Went to church in forenoon. Dined with rev. Pulliam, then hurried to University University of Colorado and marched in the academic procession to the Presbyterian Church Presbyterian Church and heard the Baccalaureate Sermon.

Monday, June 7, 1909 June 7, 1909

Very rainy day. Finished my work at museum for the semester. Saw 2 nighthawks Chordeiles minor.

Tuesday June 8, 1909 June 8, 1909

Clouds low in morning, but soon lifted. Got meals at the Boulderado Boulderado. Took representative Chas. Hayden, a member of the advisory board, to dinner with me. In evening I went to the campus illumination etc.

Wednesday, June 9, 1909 June 9, 1909

Clear early in morning. Soon clouded. Academic procession started at 10 a.m. Took cars to Chatauqua Chatauqua. Terrific rain and hail just as we reached the grounds, continuing for some time , then with milder force nearly all through commencement exercises. Dined at Home Lunch Counter Home Lunch Counter at 2 p.m., Packed trunk and left for Denver Denver, Colorado on 4:40 train, sprinkling again as I left. The foregoing 4 days record written on train just after leaving. Too busy to write it in large diary this week. The fields and prairies are beautifully green.

Birds seen: {taxon|Zenaida macroura|Doves}}, meadowlarks Sturnella, redwings Agelaius phoeniceus, lark buntings Calamospiza melanocorys, kingbirds Tyrranus. Barn swallows Hirundo rustica, Boulder Creek Boulder Creek, Clear Creek Clear Creek and Platte River Platte Riverhigh. Hailed as we reached Denver Denver, Colorado, got wet going to U.P. ticket office and found it locked. Returned to depot and found my sleeper ticket there. Felger (?) came into car and we had a brief talk. Left Denver Denver, Colorado for Los Angeles Los Angeles, California at 7:05 p.m., got dinner in diner. Went to bed early. Reached Cheyenne Cheyenne, Wyoming at 10:40.

Cheyenne, Wyo. Cheyenne, Wyoming, Thursday June 10, 1909 June 10, 1909

Still at Cheyenne, held up on account of floods. Cold and partly cloudy. Cheyenne Cheyenne, Wyoming paper reports 64 as maximum temperature, 45 minimum. Clear part of day. Left Cheyenne Cheyenne, Wyoming at 2 p.m., crossed Trias and Carboniferous at 2:45 and entered granite. Formations very irregular in strike and dip but mostly strike E-W and dip possibly northerly. Passed through long tunnel at 3:30 and 7 minutes later cut red sandstones again. On Laramie plains at 3:45, broad and flat, stratified rocks (Carboniferous?) to north, plain buried beneath debris mantle and rising abruptly from plains to south are mountains apparently of granite. Reached Laramie Laramie, Wyoming at 4 p.m.

Ogden, Utah Ogden, Utah. June 11, 1909 June 11, 1909

Woke up at Ogden, Utah Ogden, Utah at 5 a.m., bright, but cool, soon warming up. Mts. Bordering valley with much snow, especially at Salt Lake Salt Lake City, Utah. Went into diner just after leaving Salt Lake Salt Lake City, Utah. . Immediately after breakfast the engine broke down , causing another delay. At Tintic Tintic there are many mines ? most important camp in Utah. Beyond great scrub cedar scrub cedar forests. SW of Lynn Lyman, Utah sagebrush desert, with no grass.

Barstow, Cali. Barstow, California, June 12, 1909 June 12, 1909

Awoke at 5:30 here, bright and quite warm. Tree yuccas Yucca elata here, but soon left behind, as also large "soapweed" Yucca glauca. Reached Los Angeles Los Angeles, California at 11 a.m. 15 hours behind. Nellie, Henry, Alice, Ina and Cousin Mamie met me at depot and Nellie Ina and I went to the house for lunch. Spent afternoon at house. At 7 p.m. The Kittle's (sic) called for a few moments. At 8 p.m. we all went to Henry's and spent the evening with music.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, June 13, 1909 June 13, 1909

Kittle called with the auto and took Nellie, Frank and I for a ride to Hollywood Hollywood, California. At 4:30 Nellie and I took the "Salt Lake" train for Long beach Long Beach, California, where uncle George and Dr. A. L. Bryant met us at the train. After lunch we all Cloudy forenoon, sunny afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 14, 1909 June 14, 1909

Cloudy morning. I spent most of the forenoon packing 1800 shells and sea urchins sea urchins Nellie had collected . In the afternoon Nellie and I walked west up the beach beyond Seaside Seaside, California where we collected some 700 shells, mostly of Cerithiidae Cerithiidae ? They were in the sand which had been dumped out by the dredger and which formed the dyke along the channel.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, {dated|1909-06-15|June 15, 1909}}

Cloudy morning. Arose at 6:30 and packed the shells collected yesterday. Left Long Beach Long Beach, California on Salt Lake car with cousin Fannie Coad and husband at 9:34 for Catalina Catalina, California, fare $5.00. Very calm, warm, only partly cloudy. Put up at Delmar Delmar, got a very poor dinner at the Klondike Restaurant Klondike Restaurant, then went to Seal Rocks Seal Rocks in the glass bottomed boat Hermosa. In the evening walked to a bay north of Avalon Avalon, California. Supped at Arlington Caf?. Very good.

Avalon Cali. Avalon, California, June 16, 1909 June 16, 1909

Clear, calm and hot. I arose at 6:30 breakfasted and started SE along beach. Found rocks covered with limpets of several species, Littorina Littorina and Chlorostoma Chlorostoma. In an hour or so Nellie and Fannie joined me. We walked to Pebble Beach Pebble Beach, California (the town dump) and found there a few cone shells etc. on the shingle. Have seen no sandy beaches on the island yet and few pebbly ones. Sea cliff usually precipitous, porphyry and other igneous or intrusive rocks. Near Seal Rocks Seal Rocks it looked like a coarse conglomerate in places as seen from the boat. Returned to Avalon Avalon, California at 2:45 and left on the Hermosa at 3:15, reaching Long Beach Long Beach, Californiaat 6:15. Spent evening cleaning snails and spreading their opercula to dry. Collected 497 specimens of limpet spp. limpet, Littorina sp. Littorina, Chlorostoma sp. Chlorostoma, and other mollusca, but only two land snails. Island very dry.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California June 17/09 June 17, 1909

Spent forenoon finishing the preparation of the snails. In afternoon Nellie and I were on the beach most of the time. I left for Los Angeles Los Angeles, California at 4:50p.m. In evening, Lu, Allie, Ina and I called on Henry and Louise and told her goodbye, as she leaves for the east tomorrow. Frank went to Long Beach Long Beach, California, so I have missed him. He returned on late car.



Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California June 18, 1909 June 18, 1909

Kittle and I went to Glendale Glendale, California in the auto. Called on Dr. Al. Bryant and Mrs. Goss, Goss being away. I left Los Angeles Los Angeles, California for Long Beach Long Beach, California on 2:30 p.m. car. Rained last night, cloudy this forenoon, clear this afternoon. In afternoon Nellie and I walked a long ways east on Long Beach Long Beach, California and collected about 150 or 200 specimens of shells.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California June 19, 1909 June 19, 1909

Bright, clear and warm. At 10:30 I started for Los Angeles Los Angeles, California on electric car. Went to City Hall and found Frank, where Kittle and Melvin joined us. Frank went to the City Club dinner, and the rest of us to a cafeteria, then at 1:30 we all started for Portuguese Bend Portuguese Bend, above Point Firman Point Firman in Kittle's auto. Left auto on bluffs and went down to beach, collected crabs crabs, limpets limpets etc. Then got supper and made our beds, turning in at 9 p.m.

Portuguese Bend Portuguese Bend, Cali. June 20, 1909 June 20, 1909

I arose at 5:30 and started for the beach, where the others joined me at 8:30. Got some fine material. Found Keyhole Limpets Fissurellidae (volcano) and large chitons Polyplacophora, and black abalones Haliotis cracherodii by turning rocks, other species (snails and bivalves) on upper surfaces of rocks. Collected a few fish also and a lizard. Fleas were very bad last night and prevented sleep. We found they were swarming along the bluffs where sheep or goats had been grazing, so we packed up and came back to Los Angeles Los Angeles, California, starting about 11:30. Has been bright and warm all day. Frank and I spent the evening at Henry's, then returned to his house. Collected over 500 specimens yesterday and today. Keyhole limpets Fissurellidae (volcano) only found under rocks, others under and over. Black abalones Haliotis cracherodii under and in crevices.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, June 21, 1909 June 21, 1909

Dense fog at 6 a.m., but cleared early. I left for Long beach Long Beach, California at 10:40 but did not arrive until 11 a.m. on account of trouble with the motor. Stayed in house most of afternoon. Developed negatives in evening.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 22/09 June 22, 1909

Cloudy forenoon and moist. Saw several large slugs Gastropoda on sidewalk. Walked beyond Seaside Seaside, California and collected a lot of shells etc., 67 specimens. In afternoon Nellie and I went to east San Pedro San Pedro, California and collected 869 shells on the SW end of Terminal Island Terminal Island, possibly the residuum of erosion of Pleistocene beds, though the perfect condition of the most fragile Pectens Pecten and Crucibulum Crucibulum are against that idea. Clear afternoon. Total collections to date 4583.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 23, 1909 June 23, 1909

Cloudy morning, nearly clear by noon. Stayed in house most of forenoon. Nellie and I went to theater and saw "Winchester" in the afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 24/09 June 24, 1909

Cloudy, misty morning. Nellie and I took the Seaside car at 9:50, then walked to East San Pedro San Pedro, California, returning on 5:45 "Salt Lake" train. Clear afternoon. Collected 1607 specimens, making a total of 5650 to date.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 25, 1909 June 25, 1909

Moist, cloudy morning. We packed yesterday's collections and swept the house in the forenoon. Clear at noon as usual.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 26, 1909 June 26, 1909

Cloudy morning, cleared before noon. I went to Los Angeles Los Angeles, California on 10:10 a.m. car. Went to City hall and met Frank. We went to City Club and from there to Pacific Electric Station Pacific Electric Station, where we started on City Club San Pedro excursion at 1:10, about 250 men in five cars. At San Pedro San Pedro, California the conductor announced that he could not get the power to run to Point Firman Point Firman, which of course the company knew before the excursion started. So we boarded six boats and ran first through the outer harbor, then through the inner harbor to the Craig shipyards at Seaside Seaside, California, where we went through the plant. The channels of the inner harbor reminded me of the tide flats about La Conner La Conner, Washington on Puget Sound Puget Sound, at high tide. At Seaside Seaside, California we boarded electric cars and went to Long Beach Long Beach, California, where we dined at the Virginia then listened to talks on San Pedro San Pedro, California harbor by Capt. Freis, the engineer in charge of the government, and others. The ran to Los Angeles Los Angeles, California which we reached at 11 p.m. I went home with Henry for the night. My fleabites were badly inflamed so I bathed them in a saturated solution of baking soda, which allayed the itching.

Long Beach Long Beach, California, June 27, 1909 June 27, 1909

Clear morning and warm. Henry and I went to Frank's for breakfast, then I went to Kittles, where Nellie arrived last night. We all went in the auto to a cafeteria for dinner, then rode to Eastlake Park Eastlake Park and on to Huntington road, then Nellie and I came back to Long Beach Long Beach, California, on 4 oclock car.

Long Beach Long Beach, California, June 28, 1909 June 28, 1909

Cloudy morning, cleared soon and hot afternoon. Nellie and I went down to Naples Bay Naples Bay, California, where we found some fine Bulla gouldiana Bulla gouldiana, abundant Cerithidea Cerithidea and Melampus Melampus? Took car to and from Mira Mar Miramar, California, just above head of Naples canal. Got 195 specimens (including 38 Bulla Bulla) besides 15 specimens I got this morning. Total collections to date 5860.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 29/09 June 29, 1909

Bright, hot day. Surf very high. In afternoon I went through the reclaimed tidelands north of Seaside Seaside, California. Cerithidea Cerithidea in enormous numbers as far as the tides reach. Melampus olivaceus Melampus olivaceus snails nearer coast Mud pumped out by dredger contained many Tagelus Tagelus, Chione Chione, Ostrea Ostrea etc. and a few pectens Pecten. In evening Nellie and I attended Bide a wyle theater ? performance very poor.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 30/09 June 30, 1909

Hot and bright. I rode to Mira Mar Miramar, California on the Naples car and took photos E and W along the coast from the point. Then took 14th st. car and went to salt marsh N of Seaside Seaside, California where I took 2 photos of Cerithidea Cerithidea and collected 2 tern Sternula eggs. Collected a few shells.

Long Beach Cali. Long Beach, California, July 1, 1909 July 1, 1909

A hot morning, cloudy and cooler in afternoon. I went to Los Cerritos Los Cerritos, California and collected 610 Pleistocene fossils, returning at 3 p.m. At 4 p.m. Nellie and I went to Los Angeles Los Angeles, California , met Francis at the Santa Fe train. Dined at Boos Cafeteria Boos Cafeteria opposite Pacific Electric Station Pacific Electric Station. Then Nellie and Francis went to Long Beach Long Beach, Californiaand I went to Franks, where I found Zo? Dobson and her children and Gertrude Thompson.

Los Angeles,Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California Bright, hot morning. I called on Ralph Arnold at H. W. Hellman Bldg. Got dinner at Boos cafeteria Boos cafeteria, met Nellie at Pacific Electric Station Pacific Electric Station and at 1:45 we left for Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California on Southern Pacific R.R., where Kittle met us with the auto. It has been a terribly hot day, but cool at Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California. In evening we went to band concert.

Santa Barbara, Cali. Santa Barbara, California July 3, 1909 July 3, 1909 Harl, Carl, Melonie and I went into Mission Canyon Mission Canyon, California before breakfast. Then we went to the beach. In afternoon went to the beach again and collected limpets Gastropoda, etc. Bright and hot in the sun where sheltered from the wind, but wind cool. Found three species of limpets Gastropoda, alive, and Littorina Littorina, one turban shell Turbinidae and one chiton Polyplacophora and one coffee bean shell coffee bean shell. Many dead specimens of Conus Conus, Olivella Olivella, Chama Chama and mussels. Small mussels alive, also the peculiar non sessile barnacle like animal which we first found at Portuguese Bend Portuguese Bend. Total collections to date 6485 + 80 = 6565.

Santa Barbara, Cali. Santa Barbara, California July 5, 1909 July 5, 1909

Bright morning but cool breeze. Harl took the women and small children in the auto and Carl Strock, Melvin and I walked the beach a mile or so SE of the lighthouse, returning at 6:30 p.m. Collected about 130 shells. Total collections to date 6695

Santa Barbara, Cali. Santa Barbara, CaliforniaJuly 6, 1909 July 6, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Harl and I explored the bluffs at the bath house and collected about 400 small Pleistocene fossils, mostly gastropods Gastropoda and fragments of Bryozoa Bryozoa. The formation dips westerly or southwesterly. On top of the next point west we found kitchen middens containing clam Mollusca and mussel shells Mollusca. I afternoon collected about 300 Pliocene at S end and on E face of Packard Hill Packard Hill. The S end is a mass of small Bryozoa Bryozoa stems, with a few small pectens Pecten and other shells. Then Harl and wife and Nellie and I went in to the swimming pool. In evening we dined at Stocks, then they came to Kittle's and spent evening. I swam more than I have for years. Total collections to date 7395.

Santa Barbara, Cali. Santa Barbara, California, dated|1909-07-07|July 7, 1909}}

Bright, warm morning. We left Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California, on the S. P. Ry. At 10:30 a.m., reached Los Angeles Los Angeles, California 2:30 p.m. Went out to Frank's house, then took 5:20 electric car for Long Beach Long Beach, California. Wrote a lot of letters in evening.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, July 8/09 July 8, 1909

Foggy morning, clearing up by 10:30. Nellie and I took 9:30 train to East San Pedro San Pedro, California on Salt Lake Road. There we rented a boat from Paul La Marr's boathouse and rowed to Deadman's Island Deadman's Island, California. Collected limpets Gastropoda, marine snails marine snails of several species, one Bulla Bulla etc. on beach then collected fossils on east end of island. West end shows Miocene? conglomerate at base. Found no fossils. Above is a sandstone, probably lower San Pedro Pleistocene, with few fossils, of which we collected none. Above this is the upper San Pedro with several horizons filled with fine fossils. We collected several thousand. They were weathered out so that we could obtain fine specimens with but little work, especially under on((e)) ledge. at the top of the bluffs is black, soil about 2 feet in depth, containing kitchen middens, chiefly Pecten aequicoststa Pecten aequicoststa. Returned to Long Beach Long Beach, California on the 5:45 train.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, June 9,1909 July 9, 1909

Cloudy morning. Arose at 5:30 and Nellie, Dr. Carter and I left on 7:05 a.m. train for Pomona Pomona, California (Salt Lake Route). Reached Los Angeles Los Angeles, California at 8 a.m., left there at 8:35. reached Pomona Pomona, Californiaat 9:35 and were met at depot by John A Kennedy and taken to his home at 720 N Garey St. In Afternoon we all went out in a neighborhood auto.

Pomona, Cali. Pomona, California, July 10, 1909 July 10, 1909

Cloudy morning, soon clearing. Nellie, Dr. carter and I went for a drive with Mr. Kennedy. Went through packing house and saw them packing oranges, and through the Cannery and saw them canning and drying apricots. Then Dr. carter went to Mr. Hall's. At 1:18 we took Southern Pacific train for Ontario Ontario, California, Lu and Frank being on board. Harry Jones met us there and drove us to Maud Harris' home 18 mi. E of Ontario Ontario, California, and 7 mi. N of Corona Corona, California.

Ranch W of Ontario, Cali. Ontario, California, July 11, 1909 July 11, 1909

Very dense fog at 6 a.m., nearly clear at 9 a.m. Collected Planorbis trivalvis Planorbis trivalvis, P. parvus Planorbis parvus, Physa sp. Physa Lymnaea bulimnoides Lymnaea bulimnoides ? and Pisidium Pisidium in pond at artesian well. The Lymnaea Lymnaea bulimnoides was found mostly in the mud outside the little streamlet which runs through the slough. Harris and Maud brought Frank, Nellie, Laton and I to Ontario Ontario, California for the 5:40 train and Nellie and I reached Long Beach Long Beach, California at 9 p.m., going out on the electric from Los Angeles Los Angeles, California.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, July 12, 1909 July 12, 1909

Foggy morning, clearing early. Spent the day in packing 5 boxes of recent and fossil shells.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, July 13/09 July 12, 1909

Foggy morning. Most common birds at Long Beach Long Beach, California, are mocking bird Mimus and Brewer blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus. Least ? tern Sternula antillarum common in mud flats. In harbor are ring billed gulls Larus delawarensis and an occasional pelican Pelecanus. At Portuguese Portuguese Bend bend Portuguese Bend saw California quail Callipepla californica and road runners Geococcyx and burrowing owl Athene cunicularia and saw former at Santa Barbara Santa Barbara, California. In Ontario Ontario, California the following:

Western mockingbird Mimidae abundant Ark. flycatcher Ark. flycatcher abundant Cassin flycatcher Muscicapa cassini few Burrowing owl Athene cunicularia abundant California shrike Lanius common Brewer blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus abundant Black phoebe Sayornis nigricans one House finch Carpodacus mexicanus common Buzzard Buteo common Killdeer Charadrius vociferus common Dove Zenaida macroura Common Meadowlark Sturnella abundant Cliff swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota abundant

Collected 3443 specimens at Deadman Isl. Deadman's Island, California And Ontario Ontario, California. Total to date 10, 838

Shipped six boxes early in afternoon to Boulder Boulder, Colorado, by Salt lake and Union Pacific, paying $7.50 freight. Later in afternoon Nellie and I went east on beach and collected 470 fossils from base of cliff and also from half way to top. The Tagelus Tagelus all came from upper horizon, also collected 10 recent shells. Total collections to date 11,318.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, July 14, 1909 July 14, 1909

Cloudy morning, as usual, Clear before noon. Packed my trunk in forenoon. Went to beach to see Elk national Convention crowd in afternoon.

Long Beach, Cali. Long Beach, California, July 15, 1909 July 15, 1909

Cloudy morning. Nellie and I came to Los Angeles Los Angeles, California on the 10:30 a.m. electric, sending my trunk on the Salt Lake. At L.A. Los Angeles, Californiawe stood on a box and saw part of the Elk's parade, got lunch at small restaurant opposite Pacific Electric Station Pacific Electric Station, then I went to Salt Lake Station Salt Lake Station and from there to Frank's house. In evening, we all went to Frank's office in City Hall and saw electric parade of floats on street car tracks. Hot afternoon, cool evening.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, July 16, 1909 July 16, 1909

I stayed at Franks house until late afternoon, then Frank and I went to Redondo Redondo Beach, California and tried new bath house, returning at 7 p.m.Nellie went with Ina to see parade, and Maud Harris and husband and her mother came back with them. Cloudy morning and evening, bright afternoon.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, July 17, 1909 July 17, 1909

Cloudy morning, clear but hazy at 8 a.m. I called on Louise Thompson Lampshire at here (sic) store on Pico St., then went with her to her home to see her daughter margaret. Afterwards visited Chamber of Commerce builing. Reached house at 12:15. In evening, Nellie, Lucy and I went to Henry's.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, July 18, 1909 July 18, 1909

Very bright, warm morning, but cool breeze soon sprang up. Frank, Henry, Lucy, Nellie and I went to Glendale Glendale, California on the 10:30 car, dined at Dr. A. L. Bryant's and I spent afternoon looking over R. D. Goss' shell collection. Henry and Frank returned early the rest of us leaving there about 6:30 p.m.

Boulder to Colorado Mountain Towns[edit]

Boulder to Mountain Towns (Tolland (now a Ghost Town), Newcastle, Meeker, Rifle, etc)



Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, July 17, 1909 July 17, 1909

Cloudy morning, clear but hazy at 8 a.m. I called on Louise Thompson Lampshire at here (sic) store on Pico St., then went with her to her home to see her daughter margaret. Afterwards visited Chamber of Commerce builing. Reached house at 12:15. In evening, Nellie, Lucy and I went to Henry's.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, July 18, 1909 July 18, 1909

Very bright, warm morning, but cool breeze soon sprang up. Frank, Henry, Lucy, Nellie and I went to Glendale Glendale, California on the 10:30 car, dined at Dr. A. L. Bryant's and I spent afternoon looking over R. D. Goss' shell collection. Henry and Frank returned early the rest of us leaving there about 6:30 p.m.

Los Angeles, Cali. Los Angeles, California, Monday {{dated}1909-07-19|July 19, 1909}}

Usual fog this morning. Left Los Angeles Los Angeles, California, on Salt Lake Road at 10 a.m., still hazy. Not as warm as I expected in forenoon, but afternoon very bright and hot on desert. T 96+ at 6 p.m.

July 20, 1909 July 20, 1909

Bright morning. For the first time I shaved while train was in motion and with not trouble or cuts. Cool breeze all day. Fine stream and marshes for mollusks etc. , just east of Evans Evans, California. Does not look good for fossils. Red predominates in rocks from Salt Lake Great Salt Lake to Evans Evans, California. and further. The tunnel 50 minutes from Evans Evans, California. (east) occupied 4 1/2 minutes at fair speed. Bluffs, probably Tertiary, appeared on both sides before reaching Granger Granger, Wyoming, bounding (sic) the broad shallow valley of a stream. At Green River Green River, Colorado the lower part of bluffs very light colored, darker above and nearly red at top.

Cheyenne, Wyo. Cheyenne, Wyoming Wednesday July 21, 1909 July 21, 1909

Bright morning. Left Cheyenne Cheyenne, Wyomingat 8;35 a.m. Quite warm at noon. Reached Denver Denver, Colorado at 11:35. Felger (?) met me at Depot and we talked over our coming trip as we visited D and R. G. offices. I left for Boulder Boulder, Colorado on 12:30 train. Had Yates take me and my baggage to the museum, where I unpacked my trunk and examine my mail. Then went to Boulderado Hotel Boulderado Hotel, took a bath and dined. Fine rain at 6 p.m. Everything here is green and beautiful. I am told that rain has been abundant.

Boulder, Colo Boulder, Colorado, July 22, 1909 July 22, 1909

Quite warm today. I have written a large number of letters, finished packing and shipping our goods to Newcastle, Colo. Newcastle, Colorado, for our trip. Terry Duce called in evening to talk over trip.

Boulder, Colo. Boulder, Colorado, July 23, 1909 July 23, 1909

Cooler. At 1 p.m. there was a terrific thunderstorm. Two or three people drowned and others injured in flood in Two Mile canyon Two Mile Canyon, Colorado. Terry Duce called in evening for final instructions.

Boulder, Colo. Boulder, Colorado, July 24, 1909 July 24, 1909

Hot morning, partly cloudy, remaining so through the day. Finished reading Enos a Mills' "Wild Life on the Rockies" Went to Denver Denver, Colorado on 6;30 p.m. interurban, riding in seat with henry Drumm. Went to Albany Hotel Albany Hotel and got a room and retired early.

Denver, Colo. Denver, Colorado, July 25, 1909 July 25, 1909

Arose at 6 a.m. Found W. W. Robbins and mother on 17th St. and took them to breakfast at home dairy. Then went to Union Depot Union Depot and arranged for transfer of Mrs. Robbins baggage, walked to Moffat Depot Moffat Depot and took 8 a.m. train, which was crowded. Bright but comfortable morning. Reached Tolland Tolland, Colorado at 10:15. Dr. Ramaley and I went down gulch a short distance from the mountain laboratory. Tolland is 8889 ft. above sea level in a fine mountain valley, modified by glacial action. Moraine consists chiefly of granite and gneiss, and have been cut through by South Boulder Creek South Boulder Creek, Colorado. Down creek in forenoon we saw white crowned sparrows, Lincoln sparrows Melospiza lincolnii and Brewer blackbirds Euphagus cyanocephalus, besides a small bird which looked much like a chipping sparrow Spizella passerina. In afternoon, Robbins, Prosser and I went up stream and collected several species of snails Gastropoda under aspens Populus. In evening I identified and labelled the birds collected by Robbins.


Tolland, Col. Tolland, Colorado,July 26, 1909 July 26, 1909

Bright, hot morning, cooler and partly cloudy toward 10 a.m. Arose at 6 a.m. and went down gulch to Rollinsville Rollinsville, Colorado with Ramaley, eating fruit and crackers along the way. The moraines end where the gulch narrows below Tolland Tolland, Colorado. White crowned sparrows Zonotrichia leucophrys, hummingbirds Trochilidae and magpies Corvidae common. A few chickadees Poecile. One grayheaded junco Junco hyemalis caniceps at Rollinsville Station Rollinsville, Colorado. A few barn swallows Hirundo rustica and numbers of Brewer blackbirds Euphagus cyanocephalus. At 2 p.m. I lectured at the mountain laboratory Rocky Mountain Biological Laboratory on "birds and their relation to man" and at 7 p.m. on "the large mammals of the United States". In latter part of afternoon I helped Rollins pack the collections. Rained hard from 3 to 4 p.m.

Tolland, Colo. Tolland, Colorado, July 27, 1909 July 27, 1909

Bright, cool, windy morning, heavy bank of clouds to the west over the range, soon breaking up. Spent most of forenoon packing up, but collected leeches Annelidae, Crustacea Crustacea and water beetles water beetles for half an hour in the lake north of the laboratory. At 2 p.m. lectured at laboratory on birds, including a general account of Colorado birds. At 4:30 Robbins and I went down valley a short distance. At 5:30 there were 15 night hawks hovering over the meadow. At 6 p.m. saw none. Barn swallows Hirundo rustica abundant, violet green less so. At 7 p.m. I lectured at the laboratory on "Glaciers of Colorado, existing and extinct".

Tolland, Colo. Tolland, Colorado, July 28, 1909 July 28, 1909

Bright, fresh, breezy morning. Started for Jenny Lake at 10:15. Robbins and I and Mr. And Mrs. Pennoc and Miss Wollman. Came down gulch on foot. In pond at 10,500 ft collected Pisidia Pisidia and water beetles. On way back saw 3 hermit thrushes Catharus guttatus, one young. At Newcomb, 9300 ft., saw 2 red shafted flicker Colaptes auratus and a western robin western robin. At railroad bridge saw a night hawk Chordeilinae at 4:30 flying very high. The country traversed today is heavily glaciated. The Forest lake and the two above it and many others occur in a valley heading in a glacial cirque. Some are rock basins, others morainal. There are rock ridges cutting across the gulch, as at North Boulder North Boulder Gulch and Camp Albion Camp Albion Gulch gulches. That gulch leads into another, which in twin leads into South Boulder Creek South Boulder Creek, Colorado (see map in paper by Ramaley or Robbins). Glaciation extends down South Boulder South Boulder Creek, Colorado to a mile or so below Tolland Tolland, Colorado. Below that we saw no plain evidence of it. Up creek a gulch coming in from the south looks even more heavily glaciated. Perhaps this is because the topography is not so much affected by post-glacial erosion. The bird fauna as I have noticed it of this region is as follows: Red shafted flicker Colaptes auratus
Brewer blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus
Red naped sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis
Barn swallow Hirundo rustica
Violet green swallow Tachycineta thalassiana
Night hawk Chordeilinae
Red wing blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus
White crown sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys
Killdeer Charadrius vociferus (Robbins)
Golden crowned kinglet Regulus satrapa
Pine grosbeak Pinicola enucleator (higher up)
Audubon hermit thrush Catharus guttatus (higher up)
Chipping sparrow Spizella passerina ?
Broadwing hummingbird Trochilidae
Gray headed junco Junco hyemalis caniceps- Rollinsville Rollinsville, Colorado to timberline
Chickadee Poecile
Magpie Magpie
Dipper Cinclus
Mt. Bluebird Sialia
Red headed woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus (one specimen)
Western meadowlark Sturnella
Long crested jay Cyanocitta stelleri
Clarke crow Nucifraga columbiana (Robbins)
Rocky Mt. Jay Cyanocitta stelleri (specimen thrown away)
Yellow warbler Dendroica aestiva (Robbins)
Robin Turdus migratorius to timberline

The robins Turdus migratorius I have seen are the western but a specimen taken by Robbins has the white tips of outer tail feather very distinct. In catching the large (1/2 inch long) water beetles water beetles today I noticed that I could not catch them at all by grabbing at them as they rested on the surface of the water, but never failed when I dipped my hand quickly but quietly beneath them and scooped them up. Very few clouds through the day, rather warm , sprinkled a little in evening.

Tolland, Colo. Tolland, Colorado, July 29, 1909 July 29, 1909

Warm morning, but partly cloudy. Rained hard during night. At 8:45 Robbins and I started west on the partly completed state road to apex, which climbs the south side of South Boulder canyon South Boulder Canyon, Colorado. Fine view of Boulder Park Boulder Park. The park is a partly filled and partly drained morainal lake, the moraine being just east of the railroad station a few hundred rods, the remnant of the lake being north of the station. A strip of considerable width through the park has been reworked by South Boulder Creek South Boulder Creek, Colorado since the glacier retreated. The terrace is sharply outlined on each side of the present course of the stream, and numerous small lagoons mark the cut-off oxbow loops. The present stream shows a beautiful system of meanders. Along the road a short distance from the village are several deposits of slide rock separated from the main ridge by a shallow depression. . They lie on a steep slope and are apparently the result of rock sliding over a post glacial snow and ice bank for years and stopping at the foot of the ice or snow. The moraine here extends up the slopes several hundred feet. There appears to be a roche moutonee within South Boulder canyon South Boulder Canyon, Colorado. At mouth of Mammoth Gulch Mammoth Gulch the moraine is very deep, perhaps 200 or 300 ft. On each side there is a hummocky lateral moraine. Two long, parallel, narrow ridges extend up gulch for a mile. Between them flows the creek. E of the E ridge is a wet valley in which but little water now flows. To the W of the W ridge is the Teller Lake Teller Lake and its valley. Perhaps the two stream valleys were subglacial stream beds and continued to flow from the end of the retreating glacier. Certainly there must have been considerable post glacial erosion, as the grade of the gulch is steep and the present stream is swift. The whole wide valley is a beautiful example of glacial topography. The glacier headed on E side of James Peak James Peak, Colorado. Teller Lake Teller Lake is morainal, and is very near the mouth of the gulch. At present South Boulder South Boulder Creek, Colorado is the main stream and Mammoth is a tributary. Came down E valley on way back, and followed railroad through cuts which expose gneiss ridges extending out diagonally into the South Boulder valley South Boulder Canyon, apparently the result of fluting by the glacier as in the upper North Boulder canyon North Boulder Canyon. A rough diagram is as follows: ((Drawing in field book)). Rained hard at 1 p.m. and continued fitfully through afternoon.

Tolland, Colo. Tolland, Colorado, July 30, 1909 July 30, 1909

Fine, bright morning, cold at first but soon warming. Had early breakfast. Miss Kirkton left on 7:05 train for her home in Canyon (sic) City Cañon City. After breakfast we finished packing everything which is to be shipped from the laboratory and got outfit to the train by 11:30. Very tired. Miss Bruderlin, Robbins and mother, Miss McKenzie and I left Tolland Tolland, Colorado on 3:56 train for Denver Denver, Colorado. Reached Denver Denver, Colorado at 6 p.m. Felger met us at Moffat depot Moffat depot and helped with baggage to Union depot Union depot where we checked it. The others went to Boulder Boulder, Colorado and I went with Felger to spend the night at his home. Page:Field Notes of Junius Henderson, Notebook 3.pdf/53

Denver, Colo. Denver, Colorado, July 31, 1909 July 31, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Felger and I left Denver Denver, Colorado on D & R.G. at 8 a.m. Cloudy with cool breeze most of day. Reached Newcastle Newcastle, Colorado at 11:30 p.m. and went to Albany Hotel Albany Hotel.



Newcastle, Colo. Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 1, 1909 August 1, 1909

Bright, warm morning. Up at 6:30 and found Terry Duce at hotel. ((J. Terry Duce later became a famous oil geologist. He was sent to all parts of the world and while there often collected specimens for us. We have many butterflies butterfly from South America South America that he collected and sent here.)) After breakfast, Felger, Terry and I walked up Elk Creek Elk Creek, Colorado half a mile to the camp of the U. S. Geol. Survey party which is engaged in coal land work under Albert E. Beekley. At W edge of town the end of the Great Hogback has strata dipping about S by W. After noon we circled the big hill north of town, Felger soon turning back. Terry and I going across the valley to the lower Mancos lying along the bluffs. We found dead Oreohelix haydeni gobbiana Oreohelix haydeni gobbiana sprinkling the slopes wherever we went, following up to the top of the mesa we found them alive under mountain mahogany Cercocarpus, but not elsewhere. The strata dip approximately S and the angle is 35¡ or 40¡. At top of mesa is a conglomerate composed of boulders up to 18 inches diameter of red sandstone well cemented. Then we followed along the limestone and calcareous shales resembling the Niobrara of Owl Canyon Owl Canyon, Colorado region, and found Inoceramus deformis Inoceramus deformis and Ostrea congesta Ostrea congesta. Proceeding up to the pond on Elk Creek Elk Creek, Colorado above the U. S. G. S. camp and collected Crustacea Crustacea, beetles Coleoptera, etc. and then found Oreohelix cooperi Oreohelix cooperi ? under Populus Populus logs and Pyramidula cockerelli Pyramidula cockerelli. Then visited camp and met Beekley. He said the sandstone forming S face of hill N of town and NE face of hill W of town is base of Mesa Verde formation. ((Two drawings in note book, one a sketch map of the Newcastle area and one a cross section)) Mancos = Benton, Niobrara and lower Pierre Mesa Verde = upper Pierre and Fox Hills

The lower Mancos shows black shales overlaid by limestone like Benton and Niobrara, the limestone containing Inoceramus deformis and Ostrea congesta Ostrea congesta. Went to M. E. church in evening. W. W. Robbins arrived on the 11:15 train. Sprinkled most of afternoon and until midnight.

Newcastle, Colo. Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 2, 1909 August 2, 1909

Bright, hot morning. Robbins and I arose at 6 a.m., got breakfast, got our freight and baggage to liver stable and I unpacked it while Robbins went collecting plants. In afternoon Felger, Robbins, Terry and I followed S side of Grand River Grand River, Colorado down to first gulch - Alkali Gulch Alkali Gulch, Colorado - Robbins for plants, Felger for birds, Terry and I for fossils. The Mesa Verde formation is mostly sandstone, partly massive with some shales or very fine, rather friable sandstones. In Alkali Gulch Alkali Gulch, Colorado, just above a coal vein on the east side, we found many leaves like the Laramie material, in sandstone. This coal vein seems to continue westward to the Keystone Coal Mine Keystone Coal Mine. It has been worked on W side of Alkali Gulch Alkali Gulch, Coloradoand again on SE side of river opposite Keystone Mine Keystone Mine. Up Alkali Gulch Alkali Gulch we found a stratum of sandstone strongly impregnated with iron oxide, containing many leaves, and collected a bag full, including fragments of palm Arecaceae leaves. Returned at 4:30. It has been very hot. Nelson from the U.S.G.S camp says magnetic declination here is 15¡35' E.

Newcastle, Colo. Newcastle, Colorado, Aug 3, 1909 August 3, 1909

Bright, cool morning. Had a splendid night's sleep. Got a 3-inch covered wagon and team from Hugh Miller and spent forenoon packing and loading the wagon. Left Newcastle Newcastle, Colorado at 1;30 p.m. Drove up Elk Creek Elk Creek, Colorado to the forks, then a short distance up main fork (west fork) and photographed the conglomerate unconformably overlying upturned edges of Mancos, looking south, and the lower Mancos (= Niobrara l.s.) looking west. The N side of gulch has Niobrara l.s. and Benton shale on basal slope of gulch wall, backed by what resembles Dakota sandstone. Back of this are variegated shales, with probable l.s. like Morrison, all underlaid by red beds as east of the range. Far north is a different formation. Niobrara where we photographed it has 70¡ dip SW, strike NW, overlaid by "paper" shales as at Six Mile Six Mile Reservoir, Colorado N of Boulder Boulder, Colorado. The conglomerate over the edges of these formations contains granite, gneiss and red and white s.s. boulders up to 18 inch diameter, quite hard. Mancos shales extend up on slope of south wall, capped by Mesa Verde. At top of Benton in one place I found a shaly sandstone containing plant stems as north of Boulder Boulder, Colorado. Where Elk Creek Elk Creek, Colorado breaks through the "Dakota" we left it and kept on west by north. Here the Dakota extends to base of slope of canyon wall. On south wall of canyon, in Mesa Verde formation, coal is burning or has burnt for (sic) Newcastle Newcastle, Colorado at least four miles up Elk Creek Elk Creek, Colorado. We camped a short distance NE of Rifle Gap Rifle Gap State Park, at 7:30 p.m., got to bed a little after ten.

Rifle Gap Rifle Gap State Park, Aug 4, 1909 August 4, 1909

Arose at 6:30. After breakfast Terry and I started down into the Gap on the SE side of creek. Between the first well defined sandstone ledge and the second we found Cardium speciosum Cardium speciosum, Mactra Mactra, Ostrea Ostrea, Anchura Anchura, Lunatia Lunatia and other gastropods Gastropoda in float rock. Immediately above the second ledge we found a fossiliferous stratum 2 or 3 ft. in thickness, dipping S angle 73¡, containing Anomia raeti- Anomia formis [?], Corbicula Corbicula, Ostrea Ostrea, and with no Cardium Cardium or gastropods Gastropoda. The first s.s. does not make a ridge on the W side of the gap. Above the next s.s. is a coal vein which has been worked somewhat on both sides of gap. This is overlaid by clay shales, then sandy shales. About 100 ft. above this is a series of burned s.s. and clays which I estimated to be 200 ft. thick, probably metamorphosed by burning of coal veins. This is overlaid by a massive s.s. like the Laramie, which in turn is overlaid by alternating s.s. etc. as below. I notice two more coal openings above this on W side of gap, the uppermost but little below the upper ridge making sandstone ledge. All along the sandy slope we found dead Oreohelix cooperi Oreohelix cooperi, but saw no live ones, though, for that matter, I did not look for them. Took one picture looking at the W side of the gap, down stream, another of the lower Mesa Verde on the W side from the E side. Another of the upper fossil outcrop on E side. Reached camp at 1:30 p.m.. Very hot forenoon. Afternoon I cleaned the Oreohelix Oreohelix from Newcastle Newcastle, Colorado and found both species to contain young. Then at 4 p.m. Terry and I visited the very steep slope showing upper Mancos shales and lower Mesa Verde sandstones. I the lower Mesa Verde we found a thick stratum (about 8 inches) filled with fossils, including Baculites Baculites, Bryozoa Bryozoa, Serpula markmani Serpula markmani, Anchura Anchura, et al., but no Cardium Cardium, Mactra Mactra, Callista Callista or Ostrea Ostrea. The three faunas we have found here are very distinct. In this last horizon we also found 2 specimens of Halymenites major Halymenites major and many plant stems, probably marine. Reached camp at 6:30, retired at 9:30 Rifle Gap Rifle, Colorado, Aug 5, 1909 August 5, 1909

Hot bright morning. Up at 6:30, broke camp and started for Pieance (sic) Creek Piceance Creek, Colorado at 8:30. Put on the odometer after travelling one mile by mile post. Saw meadowlarks Sturnella, mourning doves Zenaida macroura, many pinon jays Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus, long crested jays Cyanocitta stelleri, Arkansas flycatchers Tyrranus verticalis, one Louisiana tanager Piranga ludoviciana, rock wren Salpinctes obsoletus. As we passed out of the gap we found sandstones etc, dipping to the S or SW about 10°. These I take for Wasatch. Between these and the Mesa Verde sandstones are varicolored marls which surely are Wasatch. I believe that the entire series from the upper Mesa Verde sandstones to the top of the Book Cliffs Book Cliffs is probably referable to Wasatch. At one point on Government Creek Government Creek, Colorado there appeared to be an unconformity, sandstones resting apparently unconformably on the varicolored. However it seems to be in the axis of a fold and may be faulted. The Gov. Cr. Gulch Government Creek, Colorado, instead of approximately following the Mesa Verde - Wasatch contact, slowly passes into the latter. We reached Rio Blanco Stage Station Rio Blanco, Colorado, 3/4 mil from Rio Blanco P.O. Rio Blanco, Colorado ((on)) Piceance Creek Piceance Creek, 20 miles N of Rifle Rifle, Colorado, in Rio Blanco Co. Rio Blanco County, Colorado at 5:15 p.m. and camped, having stopped for an hour shortly after noon to feed the horses., where there was little water for them. Water at Rifle Gap Rifle Gap State Park was very poor, creek water being used from the creek by the ranchers and being affected by irrigation. At Piceance Creek Piceance Creek it was a little better but alkaline.

Rio Blanco, Colo. Rio Blanco, Colorado, Aug 6, 1909 August 6, 1909

It began raining before daylight and still continues. About 10 a.m., after carrying a lot of wood half a mile for camp use, Terry and I started up creek through the gap on Piceance Creek Piceance Creek, circa 1/2 mile E of Rio Blanco P.O. Rio Blanco, Colorado At its mouth is a coarse conglomerate which is likely the base of the Tertiary. Below it lies the usual series of Mesa Verde sandstones, clays and coal. The walking through wet weeds and mud was hard, so we did not do much climbing and found no fossils except one Halymenites major Halymenites major, which Terry found at the base of the Mesa Verde. Dips vary somewhat, owing to folds, but in general are westerly, from Rifle Gap Rifle Gap State Park northward. ((This is the west side of the "Grand Hogback", one of the major physiographic features of NW Colorado)) In the gap here above Rio Blanco Rio Blanco, Colorado is a small reservoir, where we collected one leech leech, a lot of small Physa Physa and water bugs water bugs. Under logs we got Zonitoides Zonitoides ? and Euconulus trochiformis Euconulus trochiformis. Dead Oreohelix cooperi Oreohelix cooperi were somewhat common about the scrub oaks Quercus. I found two live ones clinging to the upper surface of rocks beneath oaks Quercus. Red wing blackbirds Agelaius phoeniceus and bluebirds Sialia are common here. Also a large ground squirrel ground squirrel. We returned to camp about 1:30, wet and tired. At 4 p.m. I started up creek again, rain having ceased. Found Oreohelix cooperi Oreohelix cooperi very abundant under aspens Populus, etc, crawling about in the moist atmosphere. Under one small alder Alnus I picked up 25 live ones. In the same place under aspen Populus sticks I found Pyramidula Pyramidula, Zonitoides Zonitoides, Vallonia Vallonia, Vitrina Vitrina, Euconulus Euconulus, Thysanophora Thysanophora, Pupilla Pupilla, Vertigo Vertigo (gastropod) and perhaps others and an Agriolimax Agriolimax further up. In creek I found one dead Lymnaea bulimnoides Lymnaea bulimnoides (perhaps variety) and a few dead valves of Pisidium Pisidium which could not be saved. In the reservoir a mile up creek I got Physa sp. Physa The Oreohelix Oreohelix were on slopes of Mesa Verde sandstone, as well as the other land snails. Rained again while I was out. This noon the wind was east. Now it is south and it looks more threatening than ever, so we have ditched about the tent.

Rio Blanco, Colo.