Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar/56. Quadriliterals

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Gesenius' Hebrew Grammar  (1909) 
Wilhelm Gesenius
edited and enlarged by Emil Kautzsch
, translated by Arthur Ernest Cowley
Quadriliterals

§56. Quadriliterals.

On the origin of these altogether secondary formations cf. §30p. While quadriliteral nouns are tolerably numerous, only the following examples of the verb occur: (a) On the analogy of Piʿēl: כִּרְסֵם imperfect, יְכַרְסְמֶ֫נָּה, ψ 8014 from כָּסַם, cf. גָּזַם. Passive רֻֽטֲפַשׁ, Jb 3325. Participle מְכֻרְבָּל (cf. Aramaic כְּבַל), 1 Ch 1527. It is usual also to include among the quadriliterals פַּרְשֵׁז Jb 269, as a perfect of Aramaic form with Pathaḥ not attenuated. It is more correctly, however, regarded, with Delitzsch, as the infinitive absolute of a Piʿlel formation, from פָּרַשׂ, with euphonic change of the first שׂ to שׁ, and the second to ז. Moreover, the reading פַּרְשֵׂז also is very well attested, and is adopted by Beer in the text of Job; cf. the Rem. on p. 48 of his edition.

(b) On the analogy of Hiphʿîl: הִשְׂמְאִיל, by syncope הִשְׂמִאיל and הִשְׂמִיל to turn to the left (denom. from שְׂמֹאל) Gn 139, Is 3021, &c. On הֶֽאֶזְנִ֫יחוּ cf. §53p.