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How Animated Cartoons Are Made

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How Animated Cartoons Are Made  (1919) 
John Randolph Bray and Wallace Carlson
Wallace Carlson, an animator for Bray Studios, demonstrates how cel animation was done for the early cartoons of the silent era.
Key (info)
Dialogue
In scene
Storyline
Video Camera Icon.svg The following is a transcription of a film. The contents below represent text or spoken dialogue that are transcribed directly from the video of the film provided above. On certain screen sizes, each line is represented by a timestamp next to it which shows when the text appears on the video. For more information, see Help:Film.

Goldwyn-Bray-Pictographs
The Magazine on the Screen


HOW ANIMATED
CARTOONS ARE MADE.

by
Wallace Carlson
of the Bray Studios


Process Patented by Bray-Hurd Process Co.


PUBLISHED BY
THE BRAY STUDIOS, INC.
COPYRIGHT 1919

This is Mr. Wallace Carlson. He'll show you through the Bray Studios.

"The first thing to do is to get an O.K. on the scenario."

J.R.BRAY
PRIVATE

"Do you mind waiting here a few moments while I see Mr. Bray? Thank you."

He says, "It's great. But it needs a little refinement."

"Scenes number forty-one and forty-two are the simplest, so we'll do them first."

[...] acts.

Scene No. 41:- Dudd finds himself in trouble and Mamie suggests a way out.

Scene No. 42:- Dudd's dog suddenly goes mad and unwittingly spoils the match.

Scene No. 43:- Realizing that he is no better off-Dudd decides to visit his friend, the village Peanut [...]

"We've got to get Dud into the picture. This is how I do it."

"This is how we'll make him talk."

"By placing the heads one by one on Dud's shoulders, he will appear to be talking."

"The faster this is done, the more realistic the effect."

GEE! I JUST BUSTED A WINDOW! GOSH — I HOPE I DON'T GET PINCHED

"Now to make the dog mad."

[...] acts.

Scene No. 41:- Dudd finds himself in trouble and Mamie suggests a way out.

Scene No. 42:- Dudd's dog suddenly goes mad and unwittingly spoils the match.

Scene No. 43:- Realizing that he is no better off-Dudd decides to visit his friend, the village Peanut [...]

IS OO UM'S LOVEY OODLES?

"Naturally, the effect would be this."

"After all the necessary drawings are made——"

"We put them under the camera to be photographed."

"Every sixteenth turn of the handle produces a long foot of cartoon——nearly always."

Forty-eight hours later.

"After the film is developed and printed, the cartoon is projected for criticism."

GEE! I JUST BUSTED A WINDOW! GOSH — I HOPE I DON'T GET PINCHED

NEVER MIND DUD!

TH' COP WHAT'S ON THIS BEAT IS GONNA MARRY OUR SERVANT

IS OO UM'S LOVEY OODLES?

LIGHT

A HICKORY LIMB AS I LIVE!

"STOP."

"A woman with a wooden leg doesn't run that way."

"All right, we'll fix that."

"Just as soon as we correct that 'run' and do the other sixty-two scenes, we'll be glad to have you see the picture."

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1927.


The author died in 1978, so this work is also in the public domain in countries and areas where the copyright term is the author's life plus 30 years or less. This work may also be in the public domain in countries and areas with longer native copyright terms that apply the rule of the shorter term to foreign works.