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Index:Fountains Abbey.djvu

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Fountains Abbey.djvu

 

CONTENTS

CHAPTER I

THE BEGINNING

PAGE
The Abbey and the Elm 1
St. Stephen Harding 3
The founding of Citeaux (Cistercium) 4
The pursuit of Poverty 6
The coming of St. Bernard 8
Cistercians at Rievaulx 9
Discontent at St. Mary's, York 10
Departure of the Monks 12
The founding of Fountains, 1132 13
St. Bernard receives the Abbey into his Order 14
The starving time 15
The arrival of prosperity 16
 
CHAPTER II

THE GROWTH OF THE ABBEY
I. COLONIES

The Monks appreciated by their neighbours 20
Newminster founded, 1137 22
Kirkstead, 1138 23
Louth Park, 1138 23
Woburn, 1145 23
Lisa-Kloster, 1146 24
Kirkstall, 1147 25
Vandey, 1147 25
Meaux, 1150 27
II. BUILDINGS
The Cistercian plan 28
The Architect 29
Nave and transepts [in their present form] 30
Built by Abbot Richard, the first, 1132–1139 31
And Abbot Richard, the second, 1139–1143 32
Abbot Henry Murdac, 1143–1147 33
The Fire 35
Eastern range of cloister, and part of Western 36
Built by Abbot Richard, the third, 1147–1170 36
Abbot Robert the Strenuous, 1170–1179 37
Builds Southern range and completes Western 38
Abbot William, 1179–1190 38
Abbot Ralph Haget, 1190–1203 38
Abbot John of York, 1203–1211 40
Abbot John of Ely, 1211–1220 42
Abbot John of Kent, 1220–1247 43
Builds Chapel of Nine Altars and Infirmary 44
 
CHAPTER III

THE DAILY LIFE OF THE MONKS

The wall, the porter's lodge 45
The chapel, the mill, bake-house and brew-house 46
The guest houses 47
The Cellarium
Cellarer's office 50
Vestibule, cellar, buttery, passage 51
Refectory 52
Dormitory 53
The lay brothers, Conversi 53
The Church
Porch 58
Gallery 59
Nave 59
Retro-choir 61
Choir 62
Chancel 63
North transept: Tower 65
South transept: Sacristy 66
Chapel of the Nine Altars 68
At service in the Abbey 69
The West walk: Novices 73
The dormitory 74
The North walk: living-room 77
The cloister brothers, Monachi 80
The chapter-house: morals 84
The day's work 90
The parlour 94
The warming-house: recreation 95
The refectory 96
The bill of fare 100
Under the dormitory 105
The Abbot's lodgings 106
Scriptorium and Muniment room 109
Coal-yard and rubbish-heap 110
Misericord 111
The Infirmary 113
The end of the day 115
 
CHAPTER IV

THE SUPPRESSION

Abbey lands and dignities 117
Abbot John Darnton, 1479–1494 117
Abbot Marmaduke Huby, 1494–1526 119
Builds the tower 119
The Monasteries and the Reformation 120
Abbot John Thirsk, 1526–1536 123
Abbot Marmaduke Bradley, 1536–1539 125
The coming of the King's commissioners 125
The spoiling of the Abbey, 1539 126
The subsequent owners 129