The Kalevala

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John Martin Crawford's translation[edit]

This was first complete translation of the Kalevala in English, translated from Franz Anton Schiefner's German translation of the original Finnish.

The First Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The First Lemminkainen Cycle[edit]

The Second Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The Second Lemminkainen Cycle[edit]

The Kullervo Cycle[edit]

The Ilmarinen Cycle[edit]

The Third Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The Marjatta Cycle[edit]

Copyright.svg PD-icon.svg This work is a translation and has a separate copyright status to the applicable copyright protections of the original content.
Original:

This work was published before January 1, 1924, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.

 
Translation:

This work was published before January 1, 1924, and is in the public domain worldwide because the author died at least 100 years ago.