The Kalevala

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Kalevala: The Epic Poem of Finland
by Elias Lönnrot, translated by John Martin Crawford

The Kalevala is an epic poem which Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish folk lore in the 19th century. It is commonly called the Finnish national epic and is traditionally thought of as one of the most significant works of Finnish-language literature. The Kalevala is credited with some of the inspiration for the national awakening that ultimately led to Finland's independence from Russia in 1917.

John Martin Crawford's translation[edit]

This was first complete translation of the Kalevala in English, translated from Franz Anton Schiefner's German translation of the original Finnish.

The First Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The First Lemminkainen Cycle[edit]

The Second Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The Second Lemminkainen Cycle[edit]

The Kullervo Cycle[edit]

The Ilmarinen Cycle[edit]

The Third Vainamoinen Cycle[edit]

The Marjatta Cycle[edit]

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