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Pedro Felipe Figueredo was a lawyer, landowner, poet and musician, born in 1818, in Bayamo. In the 1860s, he was active in the planning of the uprising against the Spanish which became known as the Ten Years' War. In 1867, he wrote La Bayamesa, which, today, is the national anthem of Cuba. He fought in the Ten Years' War as a general under the command of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, but in 1870, was captured by the Spanish and was executed in Santiago de Cuba on August 17 of that year.
It is generally accepted that the music of La Bayamesa (an upbeat battle hymm) predates the lyrics by several years. Mambís (peasant soldiers for independence from Spain) would hum the tune along with bugles as they marched into battle.