Lectures on Modern History

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Lectures on Modern History  (1899) 
by John Acton
1906 collection of lectures on history delivered in 1899–1901, covering the development of the modern state through the American Revolution.
LECTURES


on


MODERN HISTORY



by


JOHN EMERICH EDWARD DALBERG-ACTON
First Baron ACTON

d.c.l., ll.d., etc. etc.
regius professor of modern history in the university of cambridge


EDITED WITH AN INTRODUCTION BY

JOHN NEVILLE FIGGIS, M.A.
sometime lecturer in st. catherine's college, cambridge


and


REGINALD VERE LAURENCE, M.A.
fellow and lecturer of trinity college, cambridge






MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED
ST. MARTIN'S STREET LONDON

1930

COPYRIGHT

First Edition September 1906
Reprinted October 1906, 1907, 1912, 1918, 1920, 1921, 1926, 1930



PRINTED IN GREAT BRITAIN
BY R. & R. CLARK, LIMITED, EDINBURGH

PREFATORY NOTE


The Lectures on Modern History were delivered by Lord Acton in his ordinary course as Professor in the academical years 1899-1900 and 1900-01. The Inaugural Lecture on the Study of History, here reprinted, was delivered on June 11, 1895. The document printed in Appendix I. is of great interest, as exhibiting the ideals of Lord Acton as a student and the aims of the undertaking which he planned and still bears his name.

It is hoped shortly to issue in another volume the Lectures on the French Revolution, and thus to complete the record of his work as Professor. The Introductory Essay deals exclusively with his Cambridge work. A more general account of his career will precede the volumes of essays and reviews. The editors wish to thank Professor Henry Jackson for his kind advice with regard to the Introduction.

The second impression differs from the first in that a few small errors in the text have been corrected. The editors desire to state that the Lectures are printed from the manuscript exactly in the form in which they were delivered.

J. N. F.
R. V. L.

CONTENTS
PAGE
Introduction ix
Inaugural Lecture on the Study of History 1

LECTURES ON MODERN HISTORY
I. Beginning of the Modern State 31
II. The New World 52
III. The Renaissance 71
IV. Luther 90
V. The Counter-Reformation 108
VI. Calvin and Henry VIII. 126
VII. Philip II., Mary Stuart, and Elizabeth 144
VIII. The Huguenots and the League 155
IX. Henry the Fourth and Richelieu 168
X. The Thirty Years' War 181
XI. The Puritan Revolution 195
XII. The Rise of the Whigs 206
XIII. The English Revolution 219
XIV. Lewis XIV. 233
XV. The War of the Spanish Succession 249
XVI. The Hanoverian Settlement 264
XVII. Peter the Great and the Rise of Prussia 277
XVIII. Frederic the Great 290
XIX. The American Revolution 305
Appendix I.Letter to Contributors to the Cambridge Modern History 315
Appendix II.Notes to Inaugural Lecture 319
Index 343
This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1923. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).