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Messianic Prophecies

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CONTENTS.

INTRODUCTION.

Page

The names Messiah and Christ, ... i

Messianic and Christological Elements, . . 2

Historical Sketch, ..... 3

FIRST PART. FOUNDATION.

CHARTER I. DEFINITION AND NAME OF THE BIBLICAL PROPHETS.

Intercourse of Man with God, ..... 6

Man as Priest and Prophet, ...... 7

The Priestly People of Revelation, ..... 7

The Mediatorial Character of the Prophet, . 7

The Patriarchs as Priests, ....... 8

Special Calling of the Prophet, ...... 9

CHAPTER II. SPHERE AND POSITION OF THE PROPHETS.

Difference between the Prophetic and Priestly Office, . . . 10

The Prophets as Guardians of the Spirit of the Law, . . . 10

The Prophets as the Conscience of the State, . . . .11

The Ethical Aim of Prophecy, . . . . . .12

The Prophets as retrospective Seers, . . . . .12

Close connection of Historiography and Prophecy, . . . 13

CHAPTER III. THE DIVINE AND HUMAN SIDE OF PROPHECY.

The Prophet as a Holy Man, . . . . . .14

Character of the Prophet s Intercourse with God, . . . 14

Prophecy as belonging to the Realm of Grace, . . . i ^

Spontaneous and Transcendental Elements in Prophecy, . 15

No Magic Element in Prophecy, .... 16


X Contents.

Page

CHAPTER IV.

DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE PROPHECY OF REDEMPTIVE HISTORY AND HEATHEN MANTIC.

The opposition between Prophecy and Mantic, . . . . 17

Resemblance and Difference between Mantic and Prophecy, . . 18

The forced self-excitement of the Mantic, . . . . .18

The Mantic as Necromancy, . . . . . .19

CHAPTER V. GOD S MODE OF COMMUNICATION WITH THE PROPHETS.

Revelations through Dreams, . . . . . .21

The Prophetic Dream, . . . . . . .22

The Prophetic and the Mantic Ecstasy, . . . . .23

Prophetical Inspiration, . . . . . . .23

The unique Prophetic Character of Moses, .... 24


SECOND PART. HISTORY.

CHAPTER VI.

THE DIVINE WORDS RESPECTING THE FUTURE SALVATION BEFORE THE TIME

OF THE PROPHETS.

The tree concentric Circles of the Revelation in Word and Deed, . 26

The firsts Revelation by Theophanies, ..... 27

The Primitive Promise, ....... 28

Enosh and Enoch, . ... 29

The Words of Lamech at Noah s Birth, . . . . .30

The Blessing of the Nations in Abraham s Seed, ... 30

CHAPTER VII. THE PROPHETIC BENEDICTIONS OF THE DYING PATRIARCHS.

Prophetic Blessings of the Patriarchs, . . . 32

Prophetic Blessing of Isaac, . 32

Jacob s Prophetic Blessing on Judah, . . 33

Retrospect and Transition, . . ... 36

CHAPTER VIII. PROPHECY IN THE TIME OF MOSES.

Richness of the Prophetic Charisma, . . . . -37

Prediction concerning the Prophet like Moses, . . . .38

Balaam s Prophecy concerning the Star and the Sceptre from Jacob, . 39

Blessing of Moses, ....... 42


Contents. XI

Page

CHAPTER IX. PROPHECY IN THE TIME OF JOSHUA AND THE JUDGES.

Song of Deborah, ........ 43

Song of Hannah, . . . . . . . .43

Prophecy of the Fall of Eli s House, ..... 44

CHAPTER X. PROPHECY IN THE FIRST ROYAL PERIOD.

Samuel as the Father of a new Age, ..... 46

David s View of himself as the Anointed One, .... 46

Fusion of Typical and Prophetic Elements in David s Psalms, . . 47

David and his Seed as Possessors of the Kingdom of Promise, . . 48

David s View of the Messiah as distinct from himself, ... 49

Last Words of David, . . . . . . .50

Psalm of Solomon, . . . . . . . 51

Messianic Glimpses in the Chokma-Literature, . . . .52

Gad s Relation to Redemptive History, . . . . -53

CHAPTER XI. PROPHECY IN THE SECOND ROYAL PERIOD.

Prophets of the second Epoch after the Division of the Kingdom, . 55

Multitude of Prophets in the Northern Kingdom, . . . 55

Rudimentary Character of Obadiah s Prophecy, . . . .56

Organism of Joel, . . . . . . . -57

The Missionary Book of Jonah, . . . . . 58

The comforting Conclusion of Amos, ..... 59

Progress of Messianic Prophecy in Hosea, ... 60

Typical Prophecies of Hosea, . . . . . .61

Pre-Assyrian Period of Isaiah, . . . . . 63

The decisive Moment under Ahaz, ..... 64

The Son of the Virgin, ....... 65

Birth of the Royal Child, ... ... 66

The Shoot from the Stem of Jesse, . . . . .67

The King in Zion as the Son of God, ..... 69

Messianic Element in Isaiah s Book on the Nations, ... 70

Finale of Isaiah s Book on the Nations, . . . . .72

Isaiah s Prophecy concerning the Precious Corner Stone, . . 72

Progress of Messianic Prophecy in Micah, .... 74

Connection of the Messianic Hope with Bethlehem, ... 74

Habakkuk s Theodicy, . . . . . . .76

Zephaniah s Compendium of Isaianic Prophecy, ....

Vocation and first Address of Jeremiah, . . . . .78

Jeremiah s Prediction concerning the Righteous Sprout, . . .78

Consolatory Promises of Jeremiah in XXX, XXXI, ... 79


XII Contents.

Page

CHAPTER XII.

MESSIANIC PROPHECY JUST BEFORE THE CATASTROPHE AND DURING THE EXILE.

Parallels between Jeremiah and Ezekiel, . . . . .81

The Messiah in the Book of Ezekiel, . . . . .82

Idea of the Servant of Jehovah in its Genesis, . . . -83

Threefold Nature of the Idea of Jehovah s Servant, . .84

Completeness of this Idea, , . . . . .85

Importants Results from it, ...... 86

The Prince of EzekiePs Republic, . . . . . 87

Ezekiel s unfulfilled Prophecy, . . . . . .88

Tendency and Signification of Ezekiel s Tora, .... 89

Daniel, ...... . . 90

The Messianic people in Daniel s Vision, . . . . 91

Mystery of the Seventy Weeks, ... .92

CHAPTER XIII. MESSIANIC PREDICTIONS OF THE POST-EXILIC PROPHETS.

The Restoration, ........ 94

Haggai s Prophecy concerning the Glory of the Second Temple, . 95

Zerubbabel as the Continuation of the Messianic Line, ... 96

The two Parts of Zechariah, ...... 96

Zechariah s Prediction concerning the Future Zemach, . . . 97

The two Crowns, ........ 98

Climax of the Promise in Zech. VIII, ..... 98

The two Burdens in Zech. IX XI, XII XIV, . 99

The suffering King, . . . . . t . 100

The good Shepherd with the two Staves, . . .100

The foolish Shepherd, . . . . . . .102

Conversion of unbelieving Judah, . . . . 103

The Pierced One, . . . . . . . .104

The Shepherd s Death and the scattering of the Flock, . .106

Recapitulation of the Christological Predictions in Zech. II, . . 106

Completion of the Theocracy, . . . . . .107

Universal Holiness, . . . . . . .108

Malachi s Prediction concerning the Heathen, ... 109

The Angel of the Covenant, . . . . . .no

The final Restoration, ..... in

The future Elijah, .... . 112

Wisdom as an Objective Existence, . . . . .112

Agur s Enigma, . 113

Wisdom in the Sophia of .Solomon, . . 114

Philo s Logos, ..... 115

The Machabean Insurrection and the Messianic Hope, . 1 1 6

The popular Literature and the Messianic Hope, . 117

The Recession of the Messianic Hope, . . . . .118

Conclusion, ... . 119

indices, ..... 120

This work is in the public domain in the United States because it was published before January 1, 1924. It may be copyrighted outside the U.S. (see Help:Public domain).