Moral letters to Lucilius/Subject index

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Subject Index[edit]

  • A
    • Accidens (συμβεβηκός, "contingent upon"), cxvii. 3 ff.
    • ἀδιάφορα (see media, "indifferent" things), lxxxii. 10 ff.
    • adsensio, cxiii. 18 and note
    • Analogy, with regard to knowledge of the good, cxx. 4 f. and note
    • Animals, instinct (ὁρμέ) for self-preservation in, cxxi. passim
    • ἀπάθεια, impatientia, ix. 1 ff., xiii. 4, lxxxv. 3 ff., cxvi. passim
    • Arch, invention of the, xc. 32
    • Archaisms, in style and wording, lviii. 1 ff., cxiv. 17 ff.
    • Arts, four classes of, lxxxviii. 21 ff.; discovery of the, xc. 7 ff.; in relation to doctrines and precepts, xcv. 7 ff.
  • B
    • Baths, distractions of the, lvi. 1 ff.; luxury of, lxxxvi. 5 ff.
    • Being, the only existing fact, according to Parmenides, lxxxviii. 44
    • Benefits, lxxxi. passim
    • Body, regard for the, xiv. 1 ff.; cxxi. 5 ff.; in relation to mind, cxvii. 13. etc.
    • bona ("goods"), of various kinds, lxvi. 5 ff.; equality of, ib. 15 ff., lxxi. 7 ff.; desirability of, lxvii. 3 ff.; falsely so called, lxxiv. 12 ff.; varieties of, lxxxviii. 5
    • bonum (the "good"), xxiii. 6 ff.; defined, xxxi. 6; regarded by Academic School as variable, lxxi. 17 ff., lxxvi. 11 ff.; certain syllogisms on, lxxxvii. passim; corporeality of the, cvi. 3 ff., cxvii. 2 ff.; is it a "living thing"? cxiii. 20 ff. (reduc. ad absurdum); defined in several ways, cxviii. 8 ff.; relation to the honestum, cxx. 1 ff.; derived from the senses or from the intellect, cxxiv. 1 ff.; limited to reasoning man, cxxiv. 7 ff.
    • Books, thoroughness in reading, ii. passim; xlv. 1-5; selective reading of, lxxxiv. 1 ff.
  • C
    • Calx, cviii. 32
    • Categories, of Aristotle, lxv. 3 ff. and notes
    • cause (contrasted with matter), as discussed by the Stoics, Aristotle, and Plato, lxv. 2 ff.
    • Circles, as indications of time, small and large, xii. 6 ff.
    • compositio (arrangement of words), cxiv. 15 ff.
    • Consolation, to the bereaved, lxiii., xcix.
    • Contempt, as a source of safety, cv. 2 ff.
    • Country-places, Seneca's, xii. 1-4; Scipio's, lxxxvi. passim; civ. 1 ff., cx. 1, cxxiii. 1 ff.
  • D
    • Death, scorn of, iv. 3 ff., xxii. 13 ff., xxiv. passim, xxvi. 4 ff.; anticipation of xxx. 4 ff., xxxvi. 8 ff., lxi., lxxxii. 16 ff., xciii. passim, suddenness of, ci. 1 ff.; resignation of, cii. 26 ff.
    • decreta (dogmas), see Appendix A, Ep. xciv. 32, etc.; specially defined, xcv. 44; necessity of, xcv. 61 f.
    • Degeneracy of morals, xcvii. passim
    • distantia, defined and contrasted with continua and componia, cii. 6 and note.
    • distinctio (differentiation) of Chrysippus, ix. 14 f.
    • Drunkeness, lxxxiii. passim
  • E
    • Emotions, as expressed by the features, xi. passim; during peril, lvii. 3 ff.; of bereaved women, lxiii. 13; only transitory in the wise man's case, lxxi. 29; defined as "passions," lxxv. 11 f.; subject to reason, lxxxv. 2 ff.; corporeality of the, cvi. 5 ff.; should be checked at the start, cxvi. 2 ff.
    • essentia (οὐσία), discussed, lviii. 6 ff. and note
    • exempla (patterns of conduct and philosophy), vi. 5 ff., xi. 8 ff., xxv. 5 ff., lii. 7 ff., xciv. 55 f., 72 ff., xcv. 69 ff., civ. 21 ff.
    • Exercise, in moderation, xv. 1-6, lxxxiii. 3 ff.
    • expetibile, as distinguished from expetendum, cxvii. 5
    • Extracts (flosculi, summaries, maxims, chriai), xxxiii. passim, esp. 7 and note, xxxix. 1 f. and note; in proverbial form, xciv. 27 f.
  • F
    • Fame, xliii. 3, lxxix. 13 ff.; misguided desire for, xciv. 64 ff.; as a good, cii. 3 ff.
    • Fate, xvi. 4; complaints against, xciii. 1 f.
    • Figures of speech, abuse of, cxiv. 8 ff.
    • Fortune (Chance), treachery of, viii. 3 f.; groundless fear of, xiii. passim, xvi. 4, xviii. 6 f.; robs us of our friends, lxiii. 7 f.; gifts of, lxxii. 7 ff.; game of, lxxiv. 6 ff.; her part in the Lyons fire, xci. 2 ff.; fickleness of, xcviii. passim; equipment against, cxiii. 27 f.; inducements of, cxviii. 3 ff.
    • Friendship, distinctions in, iii. passim; as applied to the wise man, ix. passim, xix. 10 f., xxxv., xlviii. 2 ff., lv. 9 ff.; impartiality of, lxvi. 24 ff.
  • G
    • Genus, in relation to species, lviii. 8 ff. and notes
    • Gladiatorial combats, cruelty of, vii. 2 ff.; rigorous training for, xxxvii. 1 f., lxxx. 1 ff.
    • Glass, invention of, xc. 25
    • God, xvi. 4; kinship with, xviii. 12 f., xxxi. 9 ff., xli., lxxxiii. 1; as Master Builder of the Universe, lviii. 27 f., lxv. 19 ff.; obedience to, in the face of obstacles, xcvi. 2; as Creator, cxiii. 16
    • Gods, compared with sages, lxxiii. 12 ff.; sharing reason with men, xcii. 27 ff.; belief in, xcv. 50; popular, cx. 1
    • Golden Age, xc. 36 ff.; simplicity and health of the, xcv. 13 ff.
    • Grammaticus, defined lxxxviii. 3 and note; as a critic of Vergil, cviii. 24 and note
  • H
    • Happiness, dependent upon oneself, ix. 20 f.; defined, xcii. 3 ff.; summing up all the benefits of philosophy, xciv. 8; in its relation to precepts, xcv. 4 ff.
    • Honestum, lxvi. 9 ff. and note, lxxi. 4, lxxiii. passim, lxxvi. 6 ff., lxxxv. 17 ff.; relation to bonum, cxviii. 10 ff., cxx. 1 ff.
  • I
    • Idea (of Plato), lxv. 7 and note
    • idos (εἶδος), lviii. 20 f., lxv. 4 and note
    • Ill-health, and death, liv. 1 ff.; bravery in the face of, xxx. 1 ff., lxvi. 1 ff.; relieved by philosophy, lxxviii. 1 ff.; of Lucilius, xcvi. 3; civ. 1 ff.; of the mind, lxviii. 8 f.
    • imagine (similes), proper use of, lix. 6 f.
    • incommoda (disadvantages), lxxii. 5
  • J
    • Joy (gaudium), xxiii. 4 ff.; as contrasted with common pleasure, lix. 1 ff., 14 ff.
  • K
    • καθήκοντα (duties), lxxxi. 9 ff.
    • Knowledge (passim), discussed and defined, cxx. 3 ff.
  • L
    • Learning, excess in, xxvii. 5 ff.
    • Lectures, debasing effect of, lii. 8 ff.; on philosophy, lxxvi. 1 ff.; perfunctory, cviii. 5 ff.
    • Liberal studies, lxii. 1; defined, lxxxviii. 1 ff. and note
    • Love, and other emotions, in relation to wisdom, cxvi. 5 ff.
  • M
    • Magister populi, cviii. 31
    • malum (evil), passim; defined, lxxxv. 28; discussed, ib. passim
    • Mathematics (contrasted with philosophy), lxxxviii. 10 ff.
    • Matter (contrasted with cause), lxv. 2 ff.
    • Media ("indifferent" things, neither good nor bad), lxvi. 36 f., lxxxii. 10 ff., cix. 12 f.; "being wise" not an "indifferent" quality, cxvii. 9 f.
    • Mime (farce), as reflector of slave-life, xlvii. 14
    • Moral Philosophy, passim; Seneca's projected book on, cvi. 2 and note; cviii. 1, cix. 17
    • Mourning, rules for, lxiii. 13 f.; limits to, xcix. passim
  • N
    • Nature, as embodied in contented poverty, ii. 6 f., iv. 10 f.; as plain living, xviii. 5 ff., xx. 7 ff., xxvii. 9, lxxxvii. 1 ff., etc.; life according to, xvi. 7 f., xxv. 4 ff., xxx. 4, xli. 9, xciii. 2 ff., cvii. 7 ff., cxix. 2 ff.; in Seneca's own case, cviii. 13 ff., cxxiii. 2 ff.; as source of reason, lxvi. 39 f., etc.; as explanation of rugged character in mountainous countries, li. 10 f.
  • O
    • οἰκονομική (with "civil," a further division of philosophy), lxxxix. 10
    • Old Age, xii. passim, xxvi. 1 ff.; Seneca's feebleness, lxvii. 1; as an "external" thing, xciii. 7
    • ὀμολογία (conformity, consistency of virtue), lxxiv. 30 ff.
  • P
    • Pain, as torture, xiv. 8 ff., xxiv. 3 ff.; with reference to virtue, lxvi. 18 ff.; endurance of, lxvii. 3 ff., lxxviii. 7 ff.; as endured by Maecenas, ci. 10 ff.
    • παρἀδοξα, lxxxi. 11 f. and note, lxxxvii. 1
    • pauperum cellae, xviii. 7 and note, c. 6 and note
    • phaecasium, cxiii. 1 and note
    • φιληταί (street rowdies), li. 13 and note
    • philologus, on Cicero's De Re Publica, cviii. 30 f.
    • Philosophy, and conformity, v. 1 ff.; as refuge, xiv. 11 ff., xvi. passim; and riches, xvii. passim; benefits of, xxxvii. 3 ff.; as critic of human worth, xliv. passim; inspiration of, liii. 8 ff.; demands of, lxxii. 3 ff.; as a public service (active or in retirement), lxxiii. 1 ff.; impregnability of, lxxxii. 5 ff.; as imagined in Homer, lxxxviii. 5 ff.; divided into physics, logic, ethics, ib. 24 f; divided and defined, lxxxix. 4 ff.; twofold Epicurean division, ib. 11; single Cyrenaic, ib. 12; moral ib., 14 ff.; natural ib., 16; rational ib., 17 f.; in relation to human progress, xc. passim; as escape from dangers, ciii. 4 f.; aid from, cviii. 4 ff.; as interpreting poetry, cviii. 25 ff.
    • Pleasure, in plain living, xxi. 10 f.; instability of, xxvii. 2 f., xxxix. 6 f.; developing into vice, li. 4 ff.; two kinds of, lxxviii. 22 ff.; devices of, xc. 19; in sadness, xcix. 25 ff.; to be avoided, civ. 34; devotion to gluttony and late hours, cxxii. 2 ff.; followers of pleasure, limit the good to the senses, cxxiv. 2 ff.
    • Poetry, as an aid to good ideas, viii. 8 ff., cviii. 8 ff.
    • Potter's wheel, discovery of the, xc. 31
    • Prayer, x. 5; of the wrong sort, lx., cxvii. 28 f.; of the right sort, lxvii. 7 ff.; as a curse upon an enemy, cx. 2 f.
    • Precepts (advice, see Appendix A), xciv. and xcv. passim, cix. 14 ff.
    • prima litteratura (πρωτη ἀγωγή, elementary schooling), lxxxviii. 20
    • principale (ἡγεμονικόν, "ruling power," a part of the world-soul which stimulates action in living beings), cxiii. 28, cxxi. 9 ff. and notes
    • Producta (commoda, "advantages"), lxxiv. 17 ff. and note
    • προκοπή (progress), lxxi. 30, and note, lxxii. 6 ff., lxxv. 8 ff.; proficiens, cix. 15
    • pseudomenos, xlv. 10 and note
  • R
    • Reapse, cviii. 32
    • Reason (ratio), as curb of passions, xxxvii. 4; defined, lxxi. 12 ff. and note; the source of perfection and the good, cxxiv. 23 f.
    • Retirement, as contrasted with participation in affairs, viii. 1 ff., x. 1 f., xiv. 3 ff., xix. passim, xxii. passim, xxxvi. passim, lvi. 1 ff; mistaken idea of lv. 4 ff., xciv. 69 ff.; in Seneca's own case, lvi. 9 ff., lxxiii. passim
  • S
    • Sage, dual make-up of the, lxxi. 27 and note
    • sapere, as distinguished from sapientia, cxvii. 1 ff.
    • Scientific observation, on Etna, li. 1; Etna and Sicily, lxxix. 1 ff.; xc. 10 ff.
    • Self-sufficiency, ix. 13 ff., etc.
    • Senses, inadequacy of the, lxvi. 35
    • sepse, cviii. 32
    • Sin, and reform, xxv. 1-3, cxii. passim; its removal through knowledge, xxviii. 9 f., xxix. 4 ff., xlii. 1 ff., l. 4 ff.; one's own, lxviii. 8 ff.; reasons for xciv. 13 f., 21; and conscience, xcvii. 12 ff.
    • Slavery, xlvii. passim
    • Soul, defined, cxiii. 14 and note; divinity of the, xli. 5 ff.; its contemplative function lxv. 16 ff.; source and destination, lxxxviii. 34; sustainer of life, xcii. 1 ff. and note; parts of the xcii. 8 ff. and note; unity of the, cxiii. 14 and note; ruler of the body, cxiv. 23 ff.; indicator of character, cxiv. 1 ff.
    • Soul after Death, various possibilities, lxxi. 16 and note; its release lxv. 16 ff., lxxix. 12, xcii. 30 ff.; method of departure, lvii. 6 ff., lxxvi. 33; eternity of the, cii. 21 ff., cxx. 17 ff.; transmigration, cviii. 17 ff.; reunion of friends in another world, lxxviii. 28
    • species, in relation to genus, lviii. 8 ff.
    • Style, eccentric in case of Maecenas, xix. 9 f., cxiv. 4 ff.; rapid, xl. 2 ff.; national characteristics of, xl. 11 f.; of Lucilius, xlvi. 2, lix. 4 ff.; simplicity and sincerity of, lxxxv. 3 ff.; of Fabianus, c. 1 ff.
    • Suicide, xxiv. 25, xxx. 15, lviii. 32 ff., lxx. 4 ff. and note, lxxvii. 5 ff.
    • supervacua, xlii. 6 ff., cx. 12 ff.
    • Supreme Good, defined, lxvi. 6 ff.; according to Epicurus ib., 45 ff.; lxxi. passim, lxxii. 5, lxxiv. 16, 26; another definition, lxxxv. 20; source of, lxxxvii. 21; xcii. 5 ff.; independence of the, ix. 15, cix. 1 ff.
    • Syllogisms, futility of, xiv. 8 ff.; as interrogationes, quaestiunculae, "posers", logical fallacies, xlviii. 4 ff., xlix. 8 f., lxxxii. 8 ff., 21 ff., lxxxiii. 8 ff., lxxxv. passim; on the Good, riches, poverty, etc., lxxxvii. passim; vanity of, cii. 20 ff.; cavillationes, sophismata, cxi. passim, cxiii. 26, cxvii. 25 ff.
  • T
    • Tabellariae (naves), packet-ships from Alexandria, lxxvii. 1 f.
    • Theatre, hollowness of the profession, lxxx. 7 f.
    • Time, saving of, i. passim, xxxii. 3 f., xlix. 2 ff.; discussed, lxxxviii. 33 f. and note
    • translationes (metaphors), proper use of, lix. 6
    • Transplanting, of olive-trees and vines, lxxxvi. 14 ff.
    • Travel, and peace of mind, xxviii. 1-8; hardships of sea-voyaging, liii. 1 ff.; by land, lvii. 1 ff.; vanity of, lxix. 1 ff., civ. 13 ff.
  • V
    • Virtue (passim), acquisition of, l. 7 ff.; power of, lxiv. 6 ff., lxvi. 2 ff.; uniformity of, lxxi. 8 ff., lxxix. 10 ff.; identical with truth, lxxi. 16; twofold aspect of, xciv. 45 f.; a vision of, cxv. 3 ff.; divided into its parts, cxx. 11 f.
    • Virtues (prudence, justice, bravery, temperance), discussed, lxvii. 3 ff., lxxxv. passim, lxxxviii. 29 ff.; prudence, bravery, justice, etc., xcv. 55 ff.; whether they possess life, cxiii. passim
    • Voice, training of the, xv. 7 ff.
  • W
    • Wealth, as handicap to philosophy, xvii. passim; as a source of evil, lxxxvii. 22 ff.; to be avoided, civ. 34; scorn of, cviii. 11; emptiness of, cx. 14 ff.; the curse of, cxv. 9 ff.; the true variety, cxix. 5 ff.
    • Wisdom (sapientia, σοφια), defined, xx. 5, lxxxviii. 32 f.; as an art, xxix. 3; the heritage of, lxiv. 7 f.; defined by Socrates, lxxi. 7, lxxxiv. 12 f.; distinguished from philosophy, lxxxix. 4 ff.; her accomplishments, xc. 26 ff.; mutual benefits of, cix. 1 ff.