their attacks upon Holland until 1674. Heroic resistance of the Dutch under the Prince of Orange.
1674. Louis conquers Franche Comte.
1679. Peace of Nimeguen.
1681. Louis invades and occupies Alsace.
1682. Accession of Peter the Great to the throne of Russia.
1685. Louis commences a merciless persecution of his Protestant subjects.
1688. The glorious Revolution in England. Expulsion of James II. William of Orange is made King of England. James takes refuge at the French court, and Louis undertakes to restore him. General war in the west of Europe.
1697. Treaty of Ryswick. Charles XII. becomes King of Sweden.
1700. Charles II., of Spain, dies, having bequeathed his dominions to Philip of Anjou, Louis XIV.'s grandson. Defeat of the Russians at Narva, by Charles XII.
1701. William III. forms a "Grand Alliance" of Austria, the Empire, the United Provinces, England, and other powers, against France.
1702. King William dies; but his successor, Queen Anne, adheres to the Grand Alliance, and war is proclaimed against France.