Page:A Chinese Biographical Dictionary.djvu/186

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A Chinese Biographical Dictionary 167


latter*8 fortanes, and in 198 obtained a command. He was then twenty-four years of age, and was popularly known as ^ ^. Two years later, when San Ts'6 died, he joined his brother San Chilian, and remained for many years his faithfol coansellor and lieutenant. In 208 he was chosen to oppose the advance of Ts'ao Ts'ao, and inflicted upon him a crashing defeat at the ^f\^ Red Wall, near ^ P Hsia-k'on in Hapeh. Ts^ao Ts'ao*s forces were estimated at eight hundred thousand men; his war-vessels were said to stretch stem and stem for a thousand /t; his banners darkened the sky. Against this host, Chou Ytl is reported to have asked for only thirty thousand men. Yet he burnt Ts'ao Ts^ao's fleet; and the Bed Wall, discoloured by the smoke, was still to be seen in the days of the poet Su Shih. For these services he was made generalissimo and Governor of modern Hapeh. After some time he planned an attack upon Liu Pei, with a view to bring modern Sstich'uan under the sway of his master; but he died ere he could carry out his design, at the early age of thirty-six. He is said to have possessed such an exquisite ear for music that if any one played or sang a false note, he would immediately look up, even though tipsy. Hence the phrase ft ^ H ^ ^ ® • It was said by 5g ^ Ch*«ng P'u, who had been associated with him in the glorious victory at the Red Wall, that friendship with Chou Yd was like drinking good wine; it made a man drunk without his knowing it.

429 Chou Yung (T. ^ ^). 5th cent. A.D. A native of ^ j^ An-ch^^ng in Honan, who distinguished himself as a scholar, and rose to high office under the Emperor Ming Ti of the Southern Ch*i dynasty, by whom he was taken into confidence. Not venturing to remonstrate openly with his Majesty, he would skilfully introduce some allusion from the Classics bearing upon the point in question, and thus influence the Emperor in the