�� ��country and elsewhere abroad, he holds the in- signia of several orders of merit, the most prized of which is that of ' Commendntore della Corona d' Italia ' prized the more because conferred by King Humbert, motu proprio. [J.W.D.]
SCHIRMACHER, DORA, pianoforte player, born Sept. i, 1857, at Liverpool, where her father is an esteemed professor of music ; early developed an original talent, but was not regu- larly educated for music till later. At length, after thorough instruction from her father, she went in 1872 to the Conservatorium at Leipzig. After passing with dclat through the course, she played at the Gewandhaus, Feb. i, 1877. On March 31 of the same year she made her de"but in London at the Crystal Palace, and at the Monday Popular Concert on Dec. 3. At both these places she has played more than once since those dates. In Liverpool, Manchester, and other provincial English towns, and in Amster- dam, Leipzig, Frankfort, Stuttgart, and other German places, she is often heard, and greatly esteemed for her poetical rendering and her varied repertoire. [G.]
SCHLADEBACH, JULIUS, born at Dresden, 1810, was brought up as a physician. In 1854 he projected a Universal Lexicon of Music, and published a few numbers of it (Leipzig, 1855-) after which it was completed by Bernsdorf. It contains both music and musicians, and is to a certain point an excellent work. [G.]
SCHLEIFER. See SLIDE.
SCHLEINITZ, CONRAD, Dr. juris, although not a professional musician was, in the words of Ferdinand 1 Hiller, ' one of the most accomplished of living amateurs,' and in any case deserves a high place in a Dictionary of Music, since it was in great measure through his discernment and perseverance that the Gewandhaus Concerts at Leipzig were put into Mendelssohn's hands, and that the arrangements were maintained in such efficiency, whereby an immense impetus was given to orchestral musio throughout Europe. He was also greatly instrumental in the found- ation of the Conservatorium, of which he was President for many years up to the time of his death.
Dr. Schleinitz was born Oct. i, 1805, at Zasch- witz in Saxony, and died in his house at Leipzig on the morning of May 13, 1881. He was bred to the law, took the degree of ' Dr. juris,' and is always mentioned in the German papers as ' Heir Advokat Schleinitz,' and it is shown from a letter of Mendelssohn's (Aug. i, 1838) that his business was at one time a good and improving one. He appears to have been a good tenor singer, and as such we find him among the solo performers at the Festival at Halle in 1830 ; at Leipzig on Good Friday 1835, and in Mendels- sohn's ' Elijah ' on the same day, 1848. We may form some idea of the energy and intelligence of his style as a singer, and his general know- ledge of music, from Mendelssohn's remarks on
i F. Killer's ' Mendelssohn.' translated by Miss M. E. von Glenn, p. 152.
��the first performance of ' St. Paul ' in a letter to him July 5, 1836.
His first communication with Mendelssohn as to the concerts was very early in 1835. Men- delssohn's answer to it, and to a subsequent letter, will be found in his printed Letters, under date Jan. 26, and May 18 of the same year. His first concert was on Oct. 4, 1 835, and from that time till his death, in 1847, the intercourse between him and Schleinitz was never interrupted. Schleinitz throughout those twelve years showed himself always the thoughtful, devoted assistant of his great friend, relieving him of anxiety as to the business arrangements of the concerts, and smoothing his path to the best of his ability. That their intercourse did not stop there may be gathered from an expression or two in Mendels- sohn's correspondence, and from the recollection of those still living who were in Leipzig at that time. The four printed letters bear no proportion to the mass which were in Dr. Schleinitz's posses- sion, and which the writer was privileged to see when collecting materials for the sketch of Men- delssohn in this Dictionary some of which will possibly be published. Mendelssohn dedicated the Midsummer Night's Dream music to him, and a book of 6 songs (op. 47) to his wife, and Dr. Schleinitz was in possession of several more or less important pieces of music of his still un- published. The 'Nachtlied' (op. 71, no. 6) was composed and written for his birthday, Oct. i, 1847, and is therefore the last 2 work of the great composer. Schleinitz was with his friend when he died, and was one of the Committee for dealing with his unpublished works. In the Allg. mus. Zeitung of Dec. 27, 1848 (the last No. of the old series) he published the statutes of a Mendelssohn Fund, in connexion with the Conservatorium of Leipzig, with a letter from the King approving and authorising the scheme.
In his later years Dr. Schleinitz was nearly blind, but this did not interfere with his devotion to the Conservatorium and the Gewandhaus Con- certs, nor, as the writer is glad to mention, with his eager kindness towards those who wished to know about Mendelssohn.
He was a Knight of the Royal Saxon Order of Merit. [G.]
SCHLESINGER. A well-known musical- publishing house in Berlin. It was founded in 1 795 by MARTIN ADOLPH SCHLESINOEB, a man of very original character and great ability. Among the principal works issued by him is his edition of the Great Passion music (Matthew) of J. S. Bach, one of the fruits of Mendelssohn's revival s of it, and an astonishingly bold under- taking for those days which Schlesinger brought out, according to his favourite expression, ' for the honour of the house.' It was announced in Sept. 1829, and published soon afterwards both in Full and PF. score. He also founded the Berliner Allg. mus. Zeitung, which under the editorship of A. B. Marx had for 7 years (1824-
��2 See vol. 11. p. 29-2. note B.
March 11. 1829. See Marx's ' Erinnerunsen.' U. pp. SO. 87.