��SINICO. An Italian family of musicians. I. FRANCESCO, born at Trieste, Dec. 12, 1810, began as an amateur, but in 1843, after various efforts, became Maestro di capella to the Jesuits of that city, and shortly afterwards induced the author- ities to found a singing school under his direction, which from a humble beginning became an im- portant institution. He died, Aug. 18, 1865. 2. His younger brother, GIUSEPPE, also born at Trieste, about 1812, a singer whom we hear of at Oporto, Madrid, Florence, and Milan, and who afterwards took to teaching. 3. A second GIUSEPPE, son of Francesco, was born at Trieste, Feb. 10, 1836 ; he began by assisting his father, and published a ' Breve Metodo ' of singing, but soon forsook this for composition, and in 1859 and 61 produced three operas in his native town. 4. A lady, who was first known as Mme. Sinico, afterwards as Mme. Campobello/ and whose maiden name was Clarice Marini, made her de*but in England, May 17, 1864, at Her Majesty's, as Violetta. For many years she was engaged at one or other of the London opera-houses, and was remarkable for her efficient presentment of smaller operatic parts, and her ability to play principal characters at a moment's notice. She had a nice high soprano voice. Her riper- toire included Donna Elvira, Susanna, Isabella, Margaret of Valois, Adalgisa, Anne Page, Elvira (Masaniello), Mathilde, Neris (Cherubini's Medee), Papagena (Zauberflote), Annetta (Der Freischiitz), Blonde (Seraglio), the Queen (Ham- let), Jane Seymour (Anna Bolena), etc. In 1879 she played at Her Majesty's, but of late has been rarely seen in opera in London. She is well known as an oratorio and concert singer ; in 1874 sang at the Handel Festival, and is also very popular in the provinces. The above refers to her performances in England, but she has also sung at St. Petersburg, Copenhagen, and elsewhere. She is pre-eminently a useful singer. On May 2, 1874, she married Mr. Henry McLean Martin, a favourite baritone singer, known under his pro- fessional name of Campobello. [A.C.]
SIROE, KE DI PERSIA. An opera of Metastasio's, remarkable for the number of times it has been set : Vinci (Venice, 1726); Handel (London, Feb. 5, 1728); Wagenseil (Milan, 1730?); Bioni (Breslau, 1731); Hasse (Bologna, 1733); Vivaldi ( Ancona, 1 7 38) ; J. Cocchi (Naples, 1750) ; Manna (Venice, 1 753) ; Lampugnani (Mi- lan, 1755); Perez (Lisbon, 1756); Piccinni (Naples, 1 759) ; Giardini (London, 1 764) ; Buroni (Prague, 1764); Guglielmi (1765); Sarti (Turin, 1783); Ubaldi (Turin, 1810?) are all named by Clement as following one another in this curi- ous course, a course inconceivable at present, though common in the i8th century. [G.]
SIVORI, ERNESTO CAMILLO, a great violinist, born at Genoa, June 6, 1817, the day after his mother had heard Paganini for the first time. He began the violin at five, under Restano, and continued it under Costa, until about the year 1823, when Paganini met with him, and was so much struck with his talent, as not only to give him lessons, but to compose six sonatas and a
concertino for violin, guitar, tenor, and cello, which they were accustomed to play together, Paganini taking the guitar. This was sufficient to launch the lad into Paganini's style. In 1827 he first reached Paris and then 1 England ; re- turning to Genoa, where he studied harmony seriously under Serra for several years without public demonstration. He next traversed Italy, beginning with Florence, in 1839 ; then in 1841 and 42 visited Prague, Vienna, Leipzig, Berlin, Frankfort, Brussels, St. Petersburg and Moscow. On Jan. 29, 1843, he made his rentre to Paris with a movement from a concerto of his own, his performance of which carried away his audience and procured him a special medal. He also made a vast impression in chamber-music. From Paris he went to London, and played his concerto at the Philharmonic, June 5, 1843, repeating it on the 1 9th (Spohr was in London at the same time) ; returned in 1844, when Mendelssohn, Joachim, Halle, Piatti, and Ernst were here also, and in 1845, when he assisted in the famous performances of Beethoven's quartets at Mr. Alsager's house [see ROUSSELOT, ii. 182 &], played at the Musical Union on June 24, etc., etc. In 1846 he was again here; on June 2 7 introduced Mendelssohn's Concerto to England at the Philharmonic Concert, and was solo violin at Julien's * Concerts d'Ete.' He then left for America, in which he remained till 1850, travelling from the Northern States, by Mexico and Panama, to Valparaiso, Rio, Buenos Ayres, and Montevideo, and narrowly escaping death by yellow fever. In 1850 he re- turned to Genoa, and shortly after lost nearly all the money he had made in the new world by an imprudent speculation. In 1851 he was again in Great Britain, touring throughout the whole country. In 1862 he scored one more success in Paris in the B minor Concerto of Paganini. In 1864 he revisited London, and appeared at the Musical Union and elsewhere. Since then his life does not appear to have exhibited anything remarkable.
As a man he was always liked ' little, good- tempered, warm-hearted, intelligent, Camillo Sivori,' is the description of him of an English journalist. He was the only direct pupil of Paganini, and his playing was that of a vir- tuoso of the Paganini school, with a prodigious command of difficulties, especially of double-stop- ping, second only to his master. His tone was silvery and clear, but rather thin. His style judged by a classical standard was cold and affected, and had little real feeling. It is strange that the introduction of Mendelssohn's Concerto into this country should have fallen to an artist so little able to do justice to its merits. ^ Sivori's works for the violin include 2 concertos, in Eb and A; a fantaisie caprice in E; 3 sets of variations; 4 fantaisies on operas, etc., etc. They are rich in displav, but poor as music, and were hardly ever played by any one but the composer. [G.]
SLIDE (Ger. Schleifer ; Fr. CouU), an orna- ment frequently met with in both vocal and in- strumental music, although its English name
i Moscheles'i Diary. 1. 198.