Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 3.djvu/701

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��STAMATY, CAMILLE MARIE, son of a Greek father and a very musical French mother, was bom at Rome, March 23, 181 1. After the death of his father in 1818 *his mother returned to France, remained some time at Dijon, and finally went to Paris. There, after long coquetting between music and business as a profession, Stamaty, in 1828, took an employees post in the Prefecture of the Seine. But music retained its influence on him, and under Fessy and Kalk- brenner he became a remarkable player. An attack of rheumatism forced him from playing to the study of composition. In March 1835 he made his first public appearance in a concert, the programme of which contained a concerto and other pieces of his composition. This led to his being much sought after as a teacher. But he was not satisfied, and in Sept. 1836 went to Leipzig, attracted doubtless by the fame of Men- delssohn and Schumann, then both resident there (Mendelssohn Family, ii. 20). After a short course of instruction from Mendelssohn, he re- turned to Paris early in 1837, and introduced much more classical music Bach, Mozart, Bee- thoven, etc. into his programmes. In 1846 he lost his mother, in 1848 he married, in 1862 was made Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, and on April 19, 1870, closed a long career of usefulness and enthusiasm. From a crowd of pupils it is sufficient to name Gottschalk and Saint Saens. His most permanent works are educational ' Le Rhythme des doigts,' much praised ; * Etudes progressives' (op. 37-39); 'Etudes concertantes ' (ops. 46, 47); 'Esquisse' (op. 19); 'Etudes pit- toresques' (op. 21) ; 'Six Etudes caracteristiques sur ObeYon,' and 1 2 transcriptions entitled * Sou- venir du Conservatoire.'

Besides these, his solo sonatas in F minor and C minor, a PF. trio (op. 12), a concerto in A minor, and other works, were much esteemed at the time. The concerto and some brilliant vari- ations on an original theme (op. 3), are reviewed very favourably by Schumann (Ges. Schriften, ii. 155, 181). [G.]

STAMITZ. A Bohemian musical family of much renown in the i8th century, (i) JOHANN KARL, born I7 J 9> son of the schoolmaster at Deutschbrod ; a man evidently of great originality and force. About 1745 he became leading violin and director of chamber-music to the Elector of Mannheim, and remained there till his death in 1761. He wrote much music for the violin, which shows him to have been a great and brilliant player. Six concertos, 3 sets of 6 sonatas, and some solo exercises, giving the effect of duets, were published at Paris, and 2 1 con- certos and 9 solos are still in MS. He also wrote symphonies, of which 6 are published and ii in MS., as well as concertos and sobatas for the harpsichord. There is no chance now of hearing any of Stamitz's orchestral works ; but it is obvious from Burney's account (' Present State,' i. 95, 96) that they were a great advance in effect and expression on anything that pre- ceded them. (2) His brother THADD^DS, born 1721, was a great cello-player, also in the VOL. III. TT. 6.



��Mannheim band. He became a priest, rose to nany dignities, and died at Altbunzlau Aug. 23, 1768. Another brother, JOSEPH, was distin- guished as a painter. Cannabich was one of Johann Karl's pupils, but a still more memorable one was (3) his eldest son, KARL, born at Mannheim, May 7, 1746, and like his father a remarkable violinist and composer. In 1770 he went to Paris, and was known there as a player of the viola and viola d'amore. In 1785 he returned to Germany, and in 1787 we find him at Prague and Nuremberg, in 1 790 at Cassel, and then at St. Petersburg, where he remained for some years, and where he brought out a grand opera, ' Dar- danus.' He died at Jena in 1801. His published works contain 10 symphonies, 4 do. for 2 violins and orchestra, 7 concertos for violin, i for viola, and i for piano; also many quartets, trios, etc. (4) Another son of Johann Karl was ANTON, born at Mannheim 1755. He went to Paris with Karl, and published much for the violin, of which a list is given by Fe'tis. [G.]

STANFORD, CHARLES VILLIERS, composer end conductor, born Sept. 30, 1852, at Dublin, where his father, an enthusiastic amateur, was Examiner in the Court of Chancery. He studied composition with A. O'Leary and Sir Robert Stewart ; matriculated at Queen's College, Cam- bridge, as choral scholar; in 1873 succeeded Dr. J. L. Hopkins as organist of Trinity College, gra- duated there in Classical Honours in 1874, and was appointed conductor of the Cambridge Univer- sity Musical Society. In 1874, 5, and 6, he studied with Reinecke at Leipzig, and Kiel at Berlin ; proceeded M.A. in 1877 ; wrote an Overture for the Gloucester Festival in the same year, which was afterwards played at the Crystal Palace, and a Psalm (the 46th, op. 8), performed at Cambridge, May 22, 1877, and at a Richter Concert. At the request of Mr. Tennyson he composed the overture, songs, and entractes for ' Queen Mary ' (op. 6), when that play was produced at the Lyceum, April 18, 1876. His Symphony in Bb was per- formed at the Crystal Palace, March 8, 1879.

On Feb. 6, 1881, his opera 'The Veiled Pro- phet of Khorassan,' in 3 acts, libretto by W. B. Squire, after Moore, was produced at the Court Theatre, Hanover, with German version by Kapellmeister Frank, published by Boosey & Co. and Bote & Bock. An Elegiac Symphony in D minor was produced at Cambridge, March 7, 1882 ; and a Serenade in 5 movements, also for full orchestra (op. 1 7), at the Birmingham Fes- tival, 1882, with great success, and repeated at Bristol. Thus far every year has scored a success, and we may hope that a new 3 -act opera, ' Savonarola ' words by G. A. A'Beckett announced for production at Hamburg in the autumn, will not prove an exception. In chamber music Mr. Stanford has been equally active. He has published a Suite and Toccata for PF. solo (ops. 2 and 3); a Sonata for PF. and violin in D (op. n), and another for PF. and cello in A (op. 9) both produced at Franke's Chamber Concerts, 1882 ; 3 Intermezzos for PF. and clarinet (op. 13) ; a String Quartet in F (op.

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