Page:A Dictionary of Music and Musicians vol 4.djvu/399

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Evening Service and two anthems by him were printed in Barnard's Church Music, 1641, and an incomplete score of the Service and three anthems, including the two printed, are contained in Barnard's MS. collections. Nothing is known of his biography beyond the fact that he died before 1641.

[ W. H. H. ]

WARING, William, translator of Rousseau's Dictionnaire de Musique—'a Complete Dictionary of Music, consisting of a copious explanation of all the words necessary to a true knowledge and understanding of Music. London, 1770. 8vo.' In the 2nd edition (without date) Waring's name as translator was added to the title.

[ G. ]

WARNOTS, Henry, born July 11, 1832, at Brussels, was taught music first by his father, and in 1849 became a pupil at the Brussels Conservatoire, in harmony, pianoforte-playing, and singing. In 1856 he appeared in opera at Liège as a light tenor, and was engaged for a short period at the Opera Comique, Paris. He next sang at Strassburg, and on Jan. 24, 1865, an operetta of his composition, 'Une Heure du Mariage,' was performed there. In 1867 he was engaged at the National Theatre, Brussels, and in October sang in Flemish the hero's part in De Miry's 'Franz Ackermann.' In December of the same year he obtained a professorship at the Conservatoire, and retired from the stage. In 1869 he was appointed Director of the orchestra of the Brussels City Musical Society, and in 1870 he founded a school of music at St. Josse-ten-Noode-Schaernbeeck, a suburb of Brussels, and of which he is still Director. In addition to the operetta, M. Warnots has composed a patriotic cantata performed in 1867 at Ghent. His daughter and pupil,

Elly Warnots, born 1857, at Liège, made her début in 1878, at the Theatre de la Monnaie, Brussels. In 1881 she was engaged at the Pergola, Florence, and on May 17 of the same year made her first appearance in England at the Royal Italian Opera, as Marguirite de Valois, in the Huguenots. During the season she also played the part of the same Queen in Hérold's Pré aux Clercs, and was favourably received. Since then Miss Warnots has been frequently heard at the Promenade Concerts, at the Crystal Palace, and elsewhere.

[ A. C. ]

WARREN, Joseph, born in London March 20, 1804, in early life commenced the study of the violin, which he gave up for the pianoforte and organ. In 1843 he became organist of St. Mary's (Roman Catholic) Chapel, Chelsea, and composed some masses for its service. He was author of 'Hints to Young Composers,' 'Hints to Young Organists,' 'Guide to Singers,' and other similar works, and editor of Hilton's 'Ayres, or Fa las,' for three voices (for the Musical Antiquarian Society), an English version of Beethoven's 'Christus am Oelberge,' Boyce's 'Cathedral Music,' for which he wrote new biographies of the composers, including, in most cases, exhaustive lists of their compositions, and many other works. He died at Bexley, Kent, March 8, 1881. He was an able musical antiquary, and the possessor of an extensive musical library, the greater portion of which he disposed of, piece-meal, during his latter years.

[ W. H. H. ]

WARTEL, Pierre François, born April 3, 1806, at Versailles. From 1823 to 1828 he was a pupil in Choron's School of Music, and afterwards at the Conservatoire under Banderali and Nourrit, where he obtained a first prize for singing. From 1831 to 1846 he played small tenor parts at the Grand Opéra. He afterwards sang with success in Germany, but on his return to Paris devoted himself entirely to teaching. He was considered one of the best teachers of the day, and among his pupils must be named Christine Nilsson, Trebelli, Mlle. Hisson (Grand Opéra) etc. M. Wartel has another claim for distinction, as having introduced into France and popularised Schubert's songs. Indeed it was he who drew the attention of the Viennese to them in 1842, at a time when Schubert was completely eclipsed by Proch, Hackel, etc., and an occasional performance of the Wanderer was the only sign of his existence (Hanslick, Concertwesen, 346). [App. p.815 "add date of death, August 1882."] Wartel's wife,

Atala-Therese-Annette, née Adrien, was born July 2, 1814. Her father was violinist at the Grand Opera, and leader of the Conservatoire band. She received instruction in music at the Conservatoire, was appointed accompanyist there, and in 1831 obtained a professorship, which she resigned in 1838. She was the first female instrumentalist ever engaged at the Société des Concerts. In 1859 she visited England with her husband, and gave a concert at the house of Mr. Grote, where she played Mendelssohn's Pianoforte Trio in D minor with Joachim and Patti [App. p.815 "for Patti read Piatti"]. She composed Studies and other works, including her Lessons on the Piano-forte Sonatas of Beethoven. [App. p.815 "add that Mme. Wartel died Nov. 6, 1865."] Their son,

Émil, was engaged for many years at the Théâtre Lyrique, but has since then established a vocal school of his own.

[ A. C. ]

WARWICK, Thomas, of the family of Warwick, or Warthwyke, of Warvvicke, Cumberland, was, in 1625, a musician for the lute to Charles I. On July 1 in the same year he was sworn organist of the Chapel Royal in the place of Orlando Gibbons. On March 29, 1630, he was mulcted of a month's salary 'because he presumed to play verses one the organ at service tyme, beinge formerly inhibited by the Deane from doinge the same, by reason of his insufficiency for that solemne service.' Anthony Wood says he was organist of Westminster Abbey, but there is no evidence to support the assertion. He is said to have composed a song in 40-parts performed before Charles I. about 1635. He was a commissioner for granting dispensations to convert arable land into pasture. His name last occurs in 1641 in a warrant for exempting the king's musicians from payment of subsidies. His son, Sir Philip Warwick, was Secretary to the Treasury, temp. Car. II.

[ W. H. H. ]