Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/232

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208 n n T a kid, 16 9 i K 14 15 Zc 12 10 Tn;n by 1SD03 as mourning over an only child, 1 3 9 + . Where, however, the standard of comparison is not the class in general, but only a particular part of it, defined by a special epithet (whether adj. or verb), the art. is naturally omitted : thus fte? like chaff (in general) IS41 15 , but "OJJ }*b| like chaff passing away 29 s ; ???? Jb 14 2 , but ^02 bs? + ic-2 12 ; tf& Is 40 24 . but e)^3 &i>3 4 1=; £«3 Is 3 5 6 , but '31 ^1? J*^B ^«? like a hind (that) longeth for streams of water f42 s ; t«?3 Is9 17 , but ■>»' l»an tW3 like fire (that) kindleth a wood ty 83 15 ; JB'V? Is 5 l6 » but H31XD [C'V? like smoke from a chimney Ho 13': so Is 62 lb Jb 9 26 n 16 IW Cm? like waters (that) have passed by, etc. ; Dt 3 2 2 * 1C5TS3, i>B3, but v 2b NB'T^J) D*??k», D'3'31? t t - « v v : aPJPjJJ. Where the art. is found, although a rel. clause follows (as yjr 1* 49" Is 61 10 ), this is prob. to be regarded not as limiting the class of object compared, but as describing it. g. prefixed to generic nouns (in the singular) it designates the class, i. e. it imparts to the noun a collective force, as Ex I 22 !3n"73 all (lit. the whole of) the sons, l"l3rr?3 all the daughters, Lv 1 7 810 "^lI"! 1 ? of the strangers, who sojourn in their midst, Nu 21 7 K*n3n the serpents ; Gn 14 13 Ez 24" 33 21 C'yBn those who escaped; Jos 6 7 + ybn?), v 9 13 *|DKDn ; 8 19 YbK ; 1 S 1 3 17 TVnB'Bn ; Mi 2 13 ; Is 6 4 NTrtp? the choir of criers; 1 S24 14 ^bngn the ancients; Ec 7 M nEfc^VlK woman , and oft. with gentile names, as *?WJ the Jebusites, tf^Wfj 'rrran 2 S 8 18 al., 7J3 Ju 18 1 etc., ^H the Levites, Nu 3 20 18 23 Mai 2 8 ^I35 20 +. h. with nouns denoting ab- stract ideas, esp. the names of moral quali- ties (cf. Gk. {) hUi), Fr. la justice), chiefly in two cases — (a) where the art. is recognizable in the consonantal text, exceptionally, when some emphasis or definiteness is intended, as Dtf iDnni man -ioib>; nrn iDnn 2S2 5

K 3 6 ; D'Cmm IDnn nx Jei6 5 (contr. Zc f); 

pISH tls i 26 61 3 Ec3 16 ; ng"jyO t Is 32 1717 (con- trast v 16 ) Dn 9 7 (emph.); njhri Ho 4 6 ; HCXn Gn 32" (sq. -KW), Is 59 15 (contrast v 14 ) Zc 8 319 ; n}«3Kn fig „» » (contr. v») Je 7 s8 ; nrann Jb 28 i2.m. D «nn Gn 2 9 +; nansn tCt 2 7 '3 5 8 4 - 7 ; T#C tJe 7 4 - 8 2 3 26 ; man is^Ru i 17 + ; Hft" +^i2 5 3 Ec3 16 ; nj)Bhn tZc5 8 ; Tr? nn Is6o 2 Ec2 u ; see also lit 30 1519 (Je 21 8 ), 1 K 7" Je 32 19 Mai 2 s Dl^m D"nn, V' 123 4 130 4 Dn 9" 1 Ch 29" 2Ch i 12 Pr 31 30 Ec 2 1317 7 1219 io 6 1 1 10 : but in all such cases "lDn j pns, J1CX, etc. are far more common. (/3) where ihe art. depends on the punctuation, after preps., esp. 3, but with much irregularity, as ^D" 3 Is 16 5 Pr 20 28 (but Tl3 Ho 2 21 Pr 16 6 ), P7.S3 Pr 25 s (elsewhere always 'S3; ni3TS3 also always); ^ENa and njlOK? always; ^S tls 28 15 (but ||3J3, not 3T3n)"je5 sl 13 25 20 6 23 14 f^atJ«3" 2 9 9 ); DibB>3 ff 29" Jbi5 21 (elsewhere Di^S) ; Zci2 4 to smite (ri^ JlVaE'B (but Dt 28 s8 |1-W31 pWB'S), cf. Gn 19 11 Dt 28 s2 ; to enter with' one t2EB>B3 Jb 9 32 2 2 4 (but t2BS?D3 ^ 1 43 2 ), contrast also Pr 18 5 with 24 s3 ; BBBta!? Is 59" f 9 8 (but 'oi> Is5 7 f 122 5 ); Pr 2 2 7 4 noan!? (but never TOann in Pr 1-9, or indeed in the whole book); Pr 2 3 7 4 nj-sb, Jb 39 17 n3/33 (but never wan); p r2 23 nsanb (but njonn only

K7 14T emph.); to perish «OS3 Ju'i5 18 +; 

Is 29 21 Wh3, 32 19 Ttyn ^if 1? nW? Germ, in d M Niedrigkeit sinkt die Stadt, 45 16 together they go nrai>33 (in die Schmach), 46 s *?^ into captivity, 47 s W^ 'NS ( s0 always: never "JSPna). The living language may have used the art. more readily after a prep., where it did not lengthen the word by an entire syll.; still the disparity of usage between a and |3 makes it not improb. that the art. in /3 is in many cases not original but due to the punctu- ators, i. to mark the vocative ; 1 S 1 7° 5 TJ^eri TBto"VJ as thy soul liveth, king, I do not know, v 68 TIB nnx <n P Whose son art thou, lad? 2S14 4 Help, king! 1 K 18 26 »JV hfffiJ, 2 K 9 5 "iis>n ^bs, IS42 18 Utt?? 1 D^nn, Je'2 31 '31 Wi Dns nnn ; EZ37 4 rrt^n niosjjn 6> dry bones,' Mai 3 9 i^3 "V^ (Dr' 19801 "). N. B. In poetry, the article is frequently dis- pensed with before words which would naturally take it in prose : thus ^ 2 2810 & oft, H? J 8 ' 18 10 33 6 + D^OB'; (rarely in prose, Gn i 8 2 4 iK8»); 2i 2 45 I416 6i 7 al. T]b»; 66 6 72 8 +D:; 59 7 -" 1%; Ju 5 2 f 18 44 QV etc.'; V 9 617 & oft. yen • is i 2 - 6 - 21 3 10 - 11 ii 6 - 7 - 8 . . With adjectives, participles, and de- monstrative pronouns (sin, N'n, nan, Dn, AT, nNT, n^x): viz. a. (so regularly) when the subst. qualified by these words is defined by it likewise, as ?njn "'OT = 6 /9ao-iXfi>i o iiiyas, Gn 2 12 Kinn fi»n, 20' mn nj^n, j os 2 3 tMhtm ^V^< tl'Nan = oi av&pts 01 ivrfs irpos <ri, Gn 13 5 16 13 24 M 32 21 Ju 6 s8 Is 65 3 - 46 66 24 ^ 31 9 . So alto with adjj. & ptepp., if the subst. be de- fined by a sf. (as Dt 4 37 ^0 i n 33, 1S8 14