Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/233

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


n

rtatori D3W); and with a pron., if it be de- fined by a gen. (as Dt 29 20 1 S14 29 15" 2K6 32 ,_l jn 0!H I ? ; ! 1 "i5 "'* son °f a murderer), but not if it be denned by a sf., as Ex io 1 n^K Yjhfc (not n^NH WIN), Jos 2 14 nj «13T </«« our word (not mn 'i) : v . j) r i*»ou. similarly when the ait. with the ptcp. has a resumptive force, V' 33 15 ( v ' 4 he looketh forth from the place, &c), Dab in: -ijf'n / te <A a « formeth, etc., 19 11 arm? DHOnan w ^cA (v 10l >) are more desirable than gold, 49' ( 6b the iniquity of my aggres- sors surroundeth me), O'lltpan w ho trust in their riches, etc., Gn49 21 Is 46 s 51 20 Jb6 ,6 + (v. Dr 51357 ). b. (rare) when the subst. quali- fied by the adj. or ptcp. was felt to be suffi- ciently definite for its own art. to be dis- pensed with, as sts. with the word day Gni 31 «ttob ny>, 2 3 tpatfn D1», Exi2 llU8 2O 10 (=Dt5 14 ) LV19 6 22 s7 : so with N13D entrance Je 38 u , ■W Zc 14 10 ; TgQ court 1 K v 812 Ez 40 28 si. 5 also in certain phrases (peculiar to P) where the subst. is defined by 73, as Gn I 21 V?Ei~b'2 rmn a ll living souls, v 28 tiffin n>rri>3 a ll living things that creep, etc., 7 2 ' 9 10 Lv 1 i WM • further in isolated cases, hardly reducible to rule, LV24 10 1 S 12 23 roitsn -tvi, !6 23 njnn run, 2S12 4 Vtjfrn tf 1 ** 1 ? JC6 20 17 2 Zc4 7 1//104 18 Ezr io 9 V0$1 EnH (quite exceptional in OT). (With prons. this use is so rare that, where it occurs, it is dub. if the text be sound: 1 S17 1217 Je40 3 KtMi7 n ). And with the ptcp. : 1S25 10 D'yisnen DHajj D'sn many are the slaves who break away etc., Is 7 20 Je2 7 3 46 16 =5o 16 a^n nji'n the oppressing sword, Ez 2 3 (but © Co om. DW), 14 22 32 s2 - 24 ^62 4 Pr26 18 Ju 21 19 (very anomal., rd. prob. n?pB2). This usage is somewhat more freq. in the later parts of OT ; and in postB. Heb. it is very general (e.g. inn "0£ the evil inclination): v. further Dr S209 . c. with the ptcp., where the ptcp. with the art. forms really the subject: Gn 2" ton aaiDn not 'it was encompassing,' but 'it is that which encompassed,' 45 12 "tanpn 'S my mouth is that which speaketh, Dt 3 21 riiNnn ^yjf thine eyes were those which saw, 4 3 8 18 on ouros eWtx 6 81806s ™, Is 14 27 66 9 (v. Dr' 135 - 7 ). . The article is prefixed exceptionally — • mostly in the latest Hebrew — with the force of a relative to the verb: t Jos io 24 IFIN toapnn that went with him, Ez 26 17 , n^nn "Vyn, 1 Ch 26 s8 btoOE* B^pnn bh) and all that Samuel had dedicated, 29 817 2 Ch i 4 pana i n (the place) that he had prepared, 29" Ezr 8 s * io 1417 . Ace. to the punctuation, it occurs similarly elsewhere, as Gn 18 21 nsan ( 80 46 s7 Jb 2"), 21 3 iW^n, 1 K n' & Dn8 l nNnan, i s5I i» ntfft, 5 6 3 M^jn, Eu i 22 2 6 4 3 (ull'na^n) : but in all these passages, the change of a point, or even sts. of an accent, would restore the nor- mal participial construction (as nNan, i"> "6iari cf. Gn 48', nsnan), w hich is, no 'doubt, what was intended by the orig. writers, and is re- cognised elsewhere by the Massorah, e. g. Gn 12 7 35 1 ns-ian, 4 6 26 & R u 4 11 nxan ( c f.Ew* mb Ges I38 ' 5b ). Once, still more anomalously, be- fore a prep. 1S9 24 n'JVn] (as though leal ro «V airijs) : but rd. prob. HvNni and the fat tail, v. Dr. (In Arab. Jl also occurs, though very rarely, as a relative : W AQ, ' st5boam ).— On the anomalous use of the art. with a word in the st. c, v. Gramm., as Ew* 290 ' 1 , Ges ,mR - 4 , also } U5 Uj U ( on t ne different forms, see Ges* 100 - 4 : on Dt 32*, v. bn t p. 2io), j interrog. part. (BAram. and X t], Arab. 1), prefixed, as a rule, to the first word of a sentence (or clause). 1. in direct questions: a. as a sim- ple interrogative, where the answer expected is uncertain, Ex 2 7 S|J?Nn shall I go and call thee a nurse ? 1 S 23" , ?7??-H will the men of Keilah deliver me into his hand ? ?WE> "PVj will Saul come down ? Jb i 8 ; and frequently. h. often in questions, expressed in a tone of surprise, or put rhetorically, to which a nega- tive answer is expected ( = Lat. num?): Gn4 9

  • 33N 'nN "0?n Am I my brother's keeper?

1 8 17 shall I hide from Abraham that which I am about to do? 30 2 50" Nu n 23 * Dt 4 s3 . . . Dy VOB'n Bid a people ever hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, ... and live? 20 19 (rd. with @$<S93 Ew Ke Di etc. Dn«n for B™n), 2 S 7 s JV3 ^"njan nrixn (altered in 1 Ch 17 4 to the neg. 'SI naruVnriN 16), 2 K6 a ... n»?5> -iS>Nn those whom thou hast taken captive with thy sword and with thy bow, wilt thou smite? Is 28 24 36 12a 57" 58 s Jei5 12 i6 M Am5 25 A//5o 13 Jb8" 15 7-«-" 3 8"-" l -' 7 -» etc.; before an inf.absol. (Ew* 328 *) Je7 9 Jb40 2 and prob. Mi 2 7 (rd. "rt»Nn j see p. 55). After a protasis, n . . . nan Nu 22 s8 2 K 7 219 Je 32" Ezi7 10 ; after |0 Je3' Hg 2 12 : cf. after 'fw Gn 24 s ; after DN Jb 14 14 TWn 133 WW DN if a man dieth, shall he live ? Occasionally, one or more words precede n (in the same clause) p