Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/25

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א
אבד
 
א

א Ā<leph, first letter; in post B Heb. = numeral 1 (and so in marg. of printed MT); א߳‎ = 1000; no evidence of this usage in OT times.

אָב v. II. אבה.

אבב (fresh, bright, As. abâbu DlW AGl.)

†[אֵב] n. [m.] freshness, fresh green (LagBN207 Inf. ibb; thence concr., cf. Ar. أَبّ; above stem & mng. better than √אנב (spring) cf. As. inbu, fruit, Aram. אִנְבֵּהּ (q.v.) DlHA65, Pr114) עֹדֶנּוּ בְאִבֹּו while yet in its freshness (i.e. אָחוּ, reed) Jb 812; concr., pl. green shoots בְּאִבֵּי הַנַּחַל Ct 611 (‖ הֲפָֽרְחָה הַגֶּפֶן הֵנֵצוּ הָֽרִמֹּנִים׃).

אָבִיב n.m. Lv 2,14 coll. (LagBN 207 Inf.) 1. fresh, young ears of barley Ex 931; indef. Lv 214 מִנְחַת בִּכּוּרִים ליהוה א׳ קָלוּי בָּאֵשׁ. 2. הָֽאָבִיב חֹדֶשׁ month of ear-forming, or of growing green, Abib, month of Exodus & passover, Ex 134; 2315; 3418.18 (JE), Dt 161.1 (1st month = c. April = הָרִאשֹׁן, הַחֹדֶשׁ הָר׳ (q.v.) in P; v. Di Ex 122; = postexilic נִיסָן q.v.)

אֲבִגַיִל v. אֲבִיגַיִל sub II. אבה.

אֲבַגְתָא n. pr. m. (Pers. cf. בִּגְתָא) eunuch of Ahasuerus Est 110.

אָבַד vb. perish (MI אבד, As. abâtu DlW184 Aram. אֲבַד, ܐܶܒܰܕ‎.—Qal Pf. א׳ Nu 2130 +; אָֽבְדוּ ψ 1016 + ( + Ez 63 G Co) etc.; Impf. יֹאבַד Jb 33 Je 49; יֹאבֵד֑ Jb 207 + 2 t.; 3 fs. תֹּאבַד Dt 223 + 4 t.; תֹּאבֵד֑ Jb 813 + 3 t.; יֹאבְדוּ Ju 531 + 3 t.; יֹאבֵד֑וּ Jb 49 +; 3 fpl. וַתֹּאבַדְנָה 1 S 93; תֹּאבֵדוּן Dt 426 +; ואֹבֵד֑ Jn 16 39; נאׁבְדָה Jon 114 etc.; Inf. abs. אָבדׁ Dt 426 + 2 t.; cstr. אֲבדׁ Dt 720 Pr 1110; אֲבָדְךָ Dt 2820; אָבְדֶ֑ךָ Dt 2822; אֲבָדְכֶם Jos 2313; אָבְדָם Ob12 Pr 2828; Pt. אֹובֵד Dt 265 + 7 t.; cstr. אֹבַד Dt 3228 (bef. ע? v. Di Bö§378); etc. 1. perish, die, of individuals (mostly late) Nu 1727 (‖ גוע & (v28 מות), (also Dt 265? cf. infr.) Jon 16.14 Jb 3119 cf. 2913 Pr 316 Est 414.16.15 Mi 49 Je 4015 cf. Is 571 Pr 1110 2828 Ec 715 ψ 11992; emphasis on mortality Jb 420 ψ 1464 Ec 96; Saul & Jonath., under fig. of weapons 2 S 127; lion Jb 411; caravan Jb 616 (cf. Di); cf. מִן־הָאָרֶץ א׳ הָסִיד Mi 72, וא׳ מֶלֶךְ מֵעַזָּה Zc 95; perish, be exterminated (judgment for sin), of Israel Lv 2638 Dt 819.19.20 2820.22 3016.19 Je 2710.15 cf. 621, Ob 12 cf. ψ 8017 Is 2713; other nations Dt 720 Je 1015 5118 ψ 212 1016 8318 cf. 94 Am 18 Is 4111 6012 cf. Jon 39 v. also Ex 107 Nu 2129.30 (JE) Je 4846; house of Ahab 2 K 98; wicked in general Ju 531 Jb 49 cf. v7, ψ 3720 4911 683 (‖ sim. of melting wax), 7327 9210; also Pr 199 2118; לָנֶצַח א׳ Jb 207; cf. דֶּרֶךְ רְשָׁעִים א׳ ψ 15; sq. מֵעַל הָאָ֑רֶץ (of annihilation of Isr.) Dt 426.26 1117 Jos 2313.16 (D); sq. מִתֹּוךְ הַקָּהָל (of Korah’s company) Nu 1633 (JE); perish, be ruined, destroyed, of inanimate things, e.g. land Je 911 (‖ נִצְּתָה כַמִּדְבָּר) cf. 488; harvest Jo 111; Jonah’s gourd Jon 410; riches Je 4836 Ec 513; vessel ψ 3113; houses Am 3:15 (so oft. As. DlW); city Ez 26:17 (but del. G Co); cf. bamôth Ez 63 G Co; heavens & earth ψ 10227. 2. fig. perish, vanish, subj. memory Jb 1817 ψ 97; name ψ 416 (i.e. be forgotten); vigour Jb 302; wisdom Is 2914; cf. אֹבַד עֵצֹות Dt 3228; אֱמוּנָה Je 728 (‖ נִכְרְתָה); חָזֹון Ez 1222; יֹום Jb 33 (i.e. be blotted out); לֵב Je 49 (i.e. courage fail); תִּקְוָה ψ 919 Pr 1028 117 Ez 195 3711 Jb 813; so תַּאֲוָה ψ 11210 (i.e. comes to naught); תּוֹחֶלֶת Pr 117, sq. מִן + agent La 318; עֵצָה + תּוֹרָה sq. מן + persons negligent Je 1815 Ez 726, cf. Je 497; esp. א׳ מָנוֹם מִן־ (i.e. they could not escape) Am 214 Je 2536 Jb 1120 ψ 1425. 3. be lost, strayed, asses 1 S 93.20; sheep Je 506 Ez 344.16 ψ 119176 (fig. of erring men); perhaps Dt 265.

Pi. caus. of Qal.—Pf. אִבַּד 2 K 213 + 2 t.;

B