Page:A Hebrew and English Lexicon (Brown-Driver-Briggs).djvu/25

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א Ā<leph, first letter; in post Biblical Hebrew = numeral 1 (and so in margin of printed MT); א̈ = 1000; no evidence of this usage in OT times.

אָב v. II. אבה.

אבב (fresh, bright, Assyrian abâbu DlW AGl)

†[אֵב S3, 4 TWOT1a, 2554 GK4] n. [m.] freshness, fresh green (LagBN207 Inf. ibb; thence concr., cf. Arabic أَبٌّ (˒abbun) herbage, pasture; above stem & meaning better than √אנב (spring) cf. Aramaic אִנְבֵּהּ (q.v.) DlHA65, Pr114) עֿדֶנּוּ בְאִבֹּו while yet in its freshness (i.e. אָחוּ, reed) Jb 8:12; concr., pl. green shoots בְּאִבֵּי הַנַּחַל Ct 6:11 (|| הֲפָֽרְחָה הַגֶּפֶן הֵנֵצוּ הָֽרִמֹּנִים׃).

†אָבִיב S24 TWOT1b GK26 n.m. Lv 2:14 coll. (LagBN 207 Inf.) 1. fresh, young ears of barley Ex 9:31; indef. Lv 2:14 מִנְחַת בִּכּוּרִים ליהוה א׳ קָלוּי בָּאֵשׁ. 2. הָֽאָבִיב חֹדֶשׁ month of ear-forming, or of growing green, Abib, month of Exodus & passover, Ex 13:4; 23:15; 34:18, 18 (JE), Dt 16:1, 1 (1st month = c. April = הָרִאשֹׁן, הַחֹדֶשׁ הָר׳ (q.v.) in P; v. Di Ex 12:2; = postexilic נִיסָן q.v.)

אֲבִגַיִל v. אֲבִיגַיִל sub II. אבה.

†אֲבַגְתָא S5 GK5 n.pr.m. (Pers. cf. בִּגְתָא) eunuch of Ahasuerus Est 1:10.

†אָבַד S6 TWOT2 GK6 vb. perish (MI אבד, Assyrian abâtu DlW184 Aramaic אֲבַד, ܐܶܒܰܕ (˒ebad)).—Qal Pf. א׳ Nu 21:30 +; אָֽבְדוּ ψ 10:16 + ( + Ez 6:3 G Co) etc.; Impf. יֹאבַד Jb 3:3 Je 4:9; יֹאבֵד֑ Jb 20:7 + 2 times; 3 fs. תֹּאבַד Dt 22:3 + 4 times; תֹּאבֵד֑ Jb 8:13 + 3 times; יֹאבְדוּ Ju 51:31 + 3 times; יֹאבֵד֑וּ Jb 4:9 +; 3 fpl. וַתֹּאבַדְנָה 1 S 9:3; תֹּאבֵדוּן Dt 4:26 +; נֹאבֵד֑ Jon 1:6; 3:9; נֹאבְדָה Jon 1:14 etc.; Inf. abs. אָבֹד Dt 4:26 + 2 times; cstr. אֲבֹד Dt 7:20 Pr 11:10; אֲבָדְךָ Dt 28:20; אָבְדֶ֑ךָ Dt 28:22; אֲבָדְכֶם Jos 23:13; אָבְדָם Ob 12 Pr 28:28; Pt. אֹבֵד אֹובֵד Dt 26:5 + 7 times; cstr. אֹבַד Dt 32:28 (v. Di Bö§ 378); etc. 1. perish, die, of individuals (mostly late) Nu 17:27 (|| גוע & (v 28 מות), (also Dt 26:5? cf. infr.) Jon 1:6, 14 Jb 31:19 cf. 29:13 Pr 31:6 Est 4:14, 16(×2) Mi 4:9 Je 40:15 cf. Is 57:1 Pr 11:10; 28:28 Ec 7:15 ψ 119:92; emphasis on mortality Jb 4:20 ψ 146:4 Ec 9:6; Saul & Jonath., under fig. of weapons 2 S 1:27; lion Jb 4:11; caravan Jb 6:18 (cf. Di); cf. א׳ הָסִיד מִן־הָאָרֶץ Mi 7:2, וא׳ מֶלֶךְ מֵעַזָּה Zc 9:5; perish, be exterminated (judgment for sin), of Israel Lv 26:38 Dt 8:19(×2), 20; 28:20, 22; 30:18(×2) Je 27:10, 15 cf. 6:21, Ob 12 cf. ψ 80:17 Is 27:13; other nations Dt 7:20 Je 10:15; 51:18 ψ 2:12; 10:16; 83:18 cf. 9:4 Am 1:8 Is 41:11; 60:12 cf. Jon 3:9 v. also Ex 10:7 Nu 21:29, 30 (JE) Je 48:46; house of Ahab 2 K 9:8; wicked in general Ju 5:31 Jb 4:9 cf. v 7, ψ 37:20; 49:11; 68:3 (|| sim. of melting wax), 73:27; 92:10; also Pr 19:9; 21:28; לָנֶצַח א׳ Jb 20:7; cf. דֶּרֶךְ רְשָׁעִים א׳ ψ 1:6; sq. מֵעַל הָאָ֑רֶץ (of annihilation of Isr.) Dt 4:26(×2), 11:17 Jos 23:13, 16 (D); sq. מִתֹּוךְ הַקָּהָל (of Korah’s company) Nu 16:33 (JE); perish, be ruined, destroyed, of inanimate things, e.g. land Je 9:11 (|| נִצְּתָה כַמִּדְבָּר) cf. 48:8; harvest Jo 1:11; Jonah’s gourd Jon 4:10; riches Je 48:36 Ec 5:13; vessel ψ 31:13; houses Am 3:15 (so often Assyrian DlW); city Ez 26:17 (but del. G Co); cf. bamôth Ez 6:3 G Co; heavens & earth ψ 102:27. 2. fig. perish, vanish, subj. memory Jb 18:17 ψ 9:7; name ψ 41:6 (i.e. be forgotten); vigour Jb 30:2; wisdom Is 29:14; cf. אֹבַד עֵצֹות Dt 32:28; אֱמוּנָה Je 7:28 (|| נִכְרְתָה); חָזֹון Ez 12:22; יֹום Jb 3:3 (i.e. be blotted out); לֵב Je 4:9 (i.e. courage fail); תִּקְוָה ψ 9:19 Pr 10:28; 11:7 Ez 19:5; 37:11 Jb 8:13; so תַּאֲוָה ψ 112:10 (i.e. comes to naught); תֹּוחֶלֶת Pr 11:7, sq. מִן + agent La 3:18; תורה + עצה + דבר sq. מן + persons negligent Je 18:18 (cf. 49:7 Ez 7:26), especially א׳ מָנֹום מִן־ (i.e. they could not escape) Am 2:14 Je 25:35 Jb 11:20 ψ 142:5. 3. be lost, property Dt 22:3; strayed, beasts 1 S 9:3, 20 Je 50:6 Ez 34:4, 16 ψ 119:176 (fig. of erring men); perhaps Dt 26:5. Pi. caus. of Qal.—Pf. אִבַּד 2 K 21:3 + 2 times;