Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/200

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who continued to hold it and Narbonne, to keep them out of the liands of Louis Coeur-de-Lion, who was shortly expected in fulfilment of his Crusader's vow, taken three years previously ; and the "faidits," as the dispossessed knights and gentlemen were called, were graciously permitted to seek a livelihood throughout the country, provided they never entered castles or walled towns, and travelled on ponies, with but one spur, and without arms.[1]

The battle of Bouvines had released France from the danger's which had been so threatening, and the heir-apparent could be spared for the performance of his vow. Louis came with a noble and gallant company, who earned the pardon of their sins by a peaceful pilgrimage of forty days. The fears which had been felt as to his intentions proved groundless. He showed no disposition to demand for the crown the acquisitions made by previous crusades, and advantage was taken of his presence to obtain temporary investiture for de Montfort, and to order the dismantling of the two chief centres of discontent — Toulouse and Narbonne. De Montfort's brother Gui took possession of the former city, and saw to the levelling of its walls. As for Narbonne, Archbishop Arnaud, mindful rather of his pretensions as duke than of the interests of religion, vainly protested against its being rendered defenceless. In making over Raymond's territories to de Montfort, however. Innocent had excepted the county of Melgueil, over which the Church had a sort of claim, and this he sold to the Bishop of Maguelonne, costing the latter, including gratifications to the creatures of the papal camera, no less a sum than thirty-three thousand marks. The transaction held good, in spite of the claims of the crown as the eventual heir of the Count of Toulouse, and, until the Revolution, the Bishops of Maguelonne or Montpellier had the satisfaction of styling themselves Counts of Melgueil. It was but a small share of the gigantic plunder, and Innocent would have best consulted his dignity by abstention.[2]

Meanwhile the two Raymonds had withdrawn — possibly to the English court, where King John is said to have given them

  1. Pet. Sarnens. c. 80, 81, 82.— Harduin. Concil. VII. ii. 2052.— Innocent. PP. III. Rubricella.- Teulet, Layettes, I. 410-16, Nos. 1099, 1113-16.— Guill. de Pod. Laurent, c. 24, 25.
  2. Pet. Sarnens. c. 82.— Vaissette, III. 269 ; Pr. 56.