Page:A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages-Volume I .pdf/275

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THE DOMINICANS.


Dominic himself went to Rome, where, under the favor of the papal court, his enthusiasm was rewarded with an abundance of disciples. Those who went to Paris were warmly received, and were granted the house of St. Jacques, where they founded the famous convent of the Jacobins, which endured until the Order was swept away in the Revolution. The state of mental exaltation in which laymen and ecclesiastics of all ranks hastened to join the new Order is shown by the persecutions which the early brethren of St. Jacques endured from Satan. Frightful or sensual visions were constant with them, so that they were obliged by turns to keep watch at night over each other. Many of them were diabolically possessed and became mad. Their only refuge was the Virgin, and to the gracious assistance which she rendered them in their trials is attributed the Dominican custom of singing "Salve Regina" after compHns, during which pious exercise she was frequently seen hovering over them in a sphere of hght. Men in such a frame of mind were ready to suffer and to inflict all things for the sake of salvation.[1]

It is not worth while to follow further in detail the marvellous growth of the Order in all the lands of Europe. Already in 1221, when Dominic as General Master held the second General Chapter in Bologna, four years after the sixteen disciples had parted in Toulouse, the Order already had sixty convents, and was organized into eight provinces — Spain, Provence, France, England, Germany, Hungary, Lombardy, and Romagnuola. The same year witnessed the death of Dominic, but his work was done and his removal from the scene made no change in the mighty machine which he had built and set in motion. Everywhere the strongest intellects of the age were donning the Dominican scapular, and everywhere they were earning the respect and veneration of the people. Their services to the papacy were fully recognized, and they are speedily found filling important offices in the curia. In 1243 the learned Hugh of Vienne became the first Dominican cardinal, and in 1276 the Dominicans rejoiced to see Brother Peter of Tarentaise raised


  1. Nic. de Trivetti Chron. ann. 1215, 1217, 1218.— Chron. Magist. Ord.Praedia c. 2. — Hist. Ordin. Praedic. c, 1, 5. — Bern. Guidon. Tract, de Magist. Ord. Praedic. (Martene Ampl. Coll. VI. 401).— Hist. Convent. Parisians. Frat. Praedic. (Ib.549-50).