Page:A Manchu grammar, with analysed texts.djvu/19

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  1. 11 juwan emu
    12 juwan juew
    13 juwan ilan
    14 juwan duin
    15 tofohon
    16 juwan ninggun, etc
    20 orin
    21 orin emu, etc
    30 gusin
    40 dehi
    50 susai
    60 ninju
    70 nadanju
    80 jakūnju
    90 uyunju
    100 tanggū
    101 tanggū emu
    200 juwe tanggū
    300 ilan tanggū, etc.
    1000 minggan
    10000 tumen
    100000 juwan tumen
    1000000 tanggū tumen
    The higher numerals (up to 100 trillions buju baja) are not originally Manchu, but were introduced into Buddhist works in imitation of Tibetan numerals which again were originally Sanscrit.
  2. The Ordinal Numerals are formed by adding ci to the cardinals, dropping a final n except in juwan ten and tumen ten thousand, in which two the n is part of the root: The first uju, ujui, ujuci, tuktan, emuci, the very first ujui uju, niongnio, bonggo. The second jai, jaici, juweci.
    The third ilaci
    The fourth duici
    The fifth sunjaci
    The sixth ningguci
    The seventh nadaci
    The eighth jakūci
    The ninth uyuci
    The tenth juwanci
    The eleventh juwan emuci
    The hundredth tanggūci
    The thousandth minggaci
    The ten thousandth tumenci.

    For the days of the month and for the months and years other expressions are in use: the first day of the month ice; the first month tob biya (正月); the first year (of an emperor's reign) sucungga aniya (元年); the 3rd day of the 3rd moon ilangga inenggi; the 7th day of the 7th month nadangga inenggi; the 16th day of the 1st moon niohun; the 11th moon omšon biya; the 12th month jorgon biya.

    The first of 2 or 3 sons is udan, the second jacin.
  1. Distributive Numerals are formed by adding ta, te, to, to the cardinals, final n being dropped as with the ordinal numerals (except in juwan 10 and tumen 10000).
    one by one emte (for emute)
    by twos juwete
    by threes itata
    by fours duite
    by fives sunjata
    by sixes ninggute
    by sevens nadata
    by 8 jakūta
    by 9 uyute
    by 10 juwanta
    by 15 tofohoto
    by 20 orita
    by 30 gūsita
    by 40 dehite
    by 50 susaita.
    by 60 ninjute.
    by 70 nadanjuta (te).
    by 80 jakūnjute.
    by 90 uyunjute.
    by 100 tanggūta.
    by 1000 minggata.
    by 10000 tumente.
    by several udute.

  2. Fractional numerals: dulin, dulga, andala, tubi, dulimba, hontoho half; 1/4 duin ci emu; 1/3 ilan ci emu.
  3. Multiplicative Numerals are formed by adding ubu or rsu (ursu) to the cardinals with elision of final n (except as above in juwan and tumen):
    • single emursu, emu ubu;
    • double jursu, juwe ubu, ubui: ubui fulu (twice as much), juru, bakcin;