Page:A Voyage to Terra Australis Volume 1.djvu/29

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PRIOR DISCOVERIES IN TERRA AUSTRALIA


SECTION I.


NORTH COAST.

Preliminary Remarks: Discoveries of the Duyfhen; of Torres; Carstens; Pool; Pietersen; Tasman; and of three Dutch Vessels. Of Cook; Mc. Cluer; Bligh; Edwards; Bligh and Portlock; and Bampton and Alt. Conclusive Remarks.

The late Hydrographer to the Admiralty, Alexander Dalrymple, Esq., in his curious Collection concerning Papua, published with a Preliminary
Remarks
translation, a paper which furnishes more regular and authentic accounts of the early Dutch discoveries in the East, than any thing with which the public was before acquainted. This interesting paper was procured by the Right Hon. Sir Joseph Banks; and is a copy of the instructions to commodore Abel Jansz Tasman, for his second voyage of discovery: It is dated January 29, 1644, from the Castle of Batavia, and signed by the governor-general Antonio Van Diemen, and by Vander Lyn, Maatsuyker, Schouten, and Sweers, members of the council. The instructions are prefaced with a recital, in chronological order, of the previous discoveries of the Dutch, whether made from accident or design, in Nova Guinea, and the Great South Land; and from this account, combined with a passage from Saris,[1] it appears, that—

On the 18th of November 1605, the Dutch yacht, the Duyfhen, was The Duyfhen
1606
dispatched from Bantam to explore the islands of New Guinea;

  1. Purchas, Vol. I. p. 385.