Page:A cyclopedia of American medical biography vol. 2.djvu/434

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pelled to abandon practice again. He died rather suddenly at the last, on the morning of December 29, 1SS6.

J. A. S.

Trans. Maine Med. Assoc, 18S7.

Small, WUliam Bryant (1862-1904).

This interesting man was born in Lewiston, Maine, the son of Addison and Florence Wyman Small. He was edu- cated at Bates College, graduating in 1885, and studying with Dr. Wedgewood, of Lewiston, at the Medical School of Maine for two years, graduating in medicine at the Belleview Hospital Medical College in 1888.

His examinations were passed so remarkably well that he gained by merit alone the position of attending physician at the Randall's Island Hospital in New York, where he remained more than a year. He soon moved to Lewiston, where he practised until his death.

In the fourteen years of practice, he became a marked man, noted for his keen diagnosis, his excellent surgery, and his interesting contributions to the meetings of the Maine Medical Associa- tion, of which he was one of the leading members. He always had something of interest to say and was a first rate speaker. Forcible, earnest, and argu- mentative, yet free from any pugnacity. Among Dr. Small's medical papers was a very able discussion on "Appendicitis," and another on "Accidents as a Cause of Appendicitis," and a careful paper on "Artificial Feeding." Each paper that Dr. Small contributed to the meetings of the Maine Medical Association seemed a better one than the preceding. He married in September, 1892, Maud Ingalls, who, with a young son, survived him.

He died in 1904 at the time of his greatest influence from a complication of diseases; probably due to too much work and too little recreation. He was said to have died from cardiac exhaustion.

J. A. S.

Trans. Maine Med. Assoc, 1904.

Smart, Charles (1841-1905).

Charles Smart, surgeon, United States Army, graduated in medicine at the University of Aberdeen in 1862, and immediately after came to America and joined the Sixty-third New York Infantry as assistant surgeon, rendering faithful and meritorious service during the Civil AVar. In 1864 he was transferred to the regulars and in 1866 was promoted to the rank of captain, in 1882 to that of major. In 1897 he was made Ueutenant-colonel and deputy-surgeon-general, and in 1901 colonel and assistant surgeon-general.

From 1882 to 1902 Smart was on duty in the office of the surgeon-general at Washington and was one of the co- editors of the well-known "Medical and Surgical History of the War." For several years he was a member of the faculty of the Army Medical School. During the Spanish-American War he did important work inspecting the camps of the American troops. In 1902 he was sent to the Philippines as chief surgeon, but a stroke of apoplexy com- pelled him to return to the United States. He died at St. Augustine, Florida, April

23, 1905.

He wrote the "Handbook for the Hospital Corps of the United States Army and State Military Forces" (1889), a most excellent book, which was in use in the army for many years. " He com- bined with brilHant scientific attain- ments a great capacity for hard work together with an unfaihng loyalty to


A. A.

J. Ass. Mil. Surg., Carlisle, Pa., 1906, xi.K. J. Am. Med. Ass., Chicago, 1905, xliv.

Smith, Albert (1801-1878).

Albert Smith was born in Peter- borough, New Hampshire, June 18, 1801. He fitted for college at Groton, Massa- chusetts Academy. His father was unable to send him to college and he went to work in his cotton mill where he remained five years, and saved enough to put him through his college course, graduating in 1825, and after working